Every living thing on earth involves the discipline of organic chemistry. Synthesized a compound that was associated with living things from materials that were considered to come from non-living things. Wohler, 1828 le ad c yan ate + am m o n iu m n itrate u rea Perkin discovers a new dye derived from organic Chemistry. He applies for a patent. Organic chemistry Is now seen as a means of making profit. Perkin, 1856 Kekule developed the structural theory concerning the structure of carbon (tetrahedral in the arrangement of the four groups attached to the central carbon. Kekule, 1858 The discovery of oil in 1908 in in Masjed Soleyman by British Petroleum launched the expanded study of carbon based compounds. The bulk of petroleum (84%) is used in energy production (fossil fuels) while the remainder is used as raw materials for many chemical products, including pharmaceuticals, solvents, fertilizers, pesticides, and plastics. Organic Chemistry is at the core of biochemistry. All biological processes are effectively organic chemistry in action.