THE SOUTHERN COLONIES

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THE SOUTHERN
COLONIES
Vocabulary
Proprietary Colony
Colony governed by a single owner
Royal Colony
Colony ruled by the King’s appointed officials
Act of Toleration
Maryland law that forbid religious persecution
Tidewater
Flat land along the coast where they grew rice, tobacco, and
indigo
Vocabulary
Indigo
Plant that produces a deep blue dye
1st successful cash crop in the colonies
Cash Crops
Crops raised to be sold for money
Indentured Servant
One who worked for a set time for free passage to the colonies
Headright
Land grant given to one who paid his way to the colonies
The Southern Colonies
Maryland
Carolinas
Georgia
Virginia
Maryland
Founder
Lord Baltimore
-Established the colony of Maryland
for persecuted Catholics
Georgia
Founder
James Oglethorpe
founded in 1732 as a place where debtors could start
over.
Started with smaller farms and no slavery
After plantations formed slavery was allowed
and the colony grew quickly.
the last of the original thirteen colonies.
Challenges from Spain and France led the king
to desire a buffer zone between the cash crops
of the Carolinas and foreign enemies
Virginia
Jamestown
In 1607 100 colonists were sent by the Virginia Company to
establish a new settlement in the new world
They travelled into the Chesapeake Bay and up the James
River to find a location safe from the Spanish
They named it Jamestown in honor of King James I
It was the 1st successful English settlement in America
Founder
John Smith
“There were never Englishmen left in a foreign country in
such misery as we were in this newly discovered Virginia”
Took command of Jamestown in 1608 after the winter had
almost decimated the new settlement
Motto
“Work or Starve”
House of Burgesses
Was the 1st Representative Assembly in the colonies
Established in 1619, had the power the create laws and raise
taxes
Notable Members
George Washington
Thomas Jefferson
Patrick Henry
Bacon’s Rebellion 1676
The Rebellion was against Virginia Governor William Berkeley.
Bacon was upset that he favored plantation owners and high taxes
Also, Indentured Servants were unable to find adequate land in the
Tidewater region and were forced to fight Native Indians in the
backcountry
Bacon demanded that Berkley help defend the frontier settlements.
When he refused, Nathanial Bacon seized control of the House of
Burgesses’ and burned Jamestown to the ground
The rebellion ended when Bacon became ill and died. 23 of
Bacon’s captures were hanged and quartered

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