Lucien Nel - Presentation

Lucien Nel, M.Sc., CIH, CSP
Director Safety Health Quality & Risk
March Consulting Associates Inc.
 relevance; technological change; demands
 Fundamentals
 Importance; terms; concepts; 15 min break;
workplace; management
 Conclusion
 threats; maintenance; mantra; final thoughts
 Reading list
You are the teachers,
leaders and
workers of the future
You will have to decide how to do the work safely
Very rarely will you meet all three criteria
Meet any two of these criteria
Communication and
electronic technologies
Learning new things all the
2. Better and faster
information access
3. Aided in making life easier,
safer and healthier
4. Better decision making
A. Too
much information to
be useful
B. Social and political
C. Unknown health effects
D. Safety problems
E. Decision paralysis
(Brauer, 1994)
New hazards
 Increased accidents
 New unproven concepts, design & materials
 Health impacts
(U.S Department of Labor, 2008)
Embraces the benefits
 Regulation and litigation
 Structured health and safety organizations
 Insurance
Society accepts the benefits but not all the risks
 Society places demands on engineers to reduce risks
 Engineers require training in workplace safety, due
diligence and product liability in addition to their
electrical training to meet these demands
Safety, accident
 Danger, hazard and risk
 Hazard control
 Risk reduction
Anatomy of a Hazard
(Brauer, 1994)
United States Department of Labour (OSHA)
Hospital patients require special mention because
they may have electronic equipment attached inside
and outside their bodies.
 Small currents may leak from the instruments to
other instruments with a potential to cause injury
and death
 Why is this such an “At risk group”?
How can the risk be reduced?
Electricity is one of the
leading causes of fire
 ARC Flash
 Arcing in the presence of
flammable or combustible
Grain elevators
Fiery mines
Chemical factories
Petrochemical plants
Gas stations service stations
Safety triangle (incident : accident ratio theory)
Review work to be done
 Tour the site
 Write down hazards and analyze them
 Develop a plan to control hazard
Eliminate the hazard by removing it or
removing people
 Reduce the hazard by substitution
 Safety device / warning device
 Warning labels & procedures
BREAK 15 Mins
Some workplace safety rules
 Permits
 Tools
 Housekeeping
 Water
 Disconnect
 ABC fire extinguisher
 Ground ground ground ground ground!
 Warning signs
Frayed, dry, cracked extension cords
Smoke, sparks, spilled liquid, erratic operation
Lock-out tag-out
 Fall protection
 Confined space entry
Work permits / orders
 Ground penetration permits
 Hot work permits
 Confined space entry permits
 Safety permits
 Tie-in permits
 Special / Unique permits
Prevent slips trips and falls
 Maintain fire safety
 Appropriate storage of tools and equipment
 Contain potentially hazardous materials and
 Programs
 Procedures
 Work Instructions
Schedules & planning sessions
 Resource deployment
 Coordination with production / operation /
 Corrective action planning & verification of
Poor work planning threatens the safety
of workers including engineers
To be successful, take the safety knowledge
you gained from this seminar,
build on it, and apply it
throughout your studies and
when you are in the workplace
No task is so important
that we cannot take the time
to do it
With this knowledge, will you be able to:
Do things safety and still meet public
expectations of:
appropriateness; and,
fiscal responsibility.
Knowledge and proper planning
get us there
Brauer, Roger L., Safety and Health for Engineers, John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY,
Grimaldi, John V., and Simonds, Rollin H., Safety Management, 5th Edition, Irwin,
Homewood, IL,1989.
Hammer, Willie, Occupational Safety Management and Engineering, 4th Edition, PrenticeHall,Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1989.
Hammer, Willie, Product Safety Management and Engineering, 2nd Edition, American
Society of Safety Engineers, Des Plaines, IL, 1993.
Molak, Vlasta (editor), Fundamentals of Risk Analysis and Risk Management, Lewis
Publishers, Boca Raton, FL, 1997.
Roland, H. E., and Moriarty, B., System Safety Engineering and Management, 2nd Edition,
John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY, 1990.
Sanders, M. S., and McCormick, E. J., Human Factors in Engineering and Design, 7th
Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, 1993
Slote, Lawrence, Handbook of Occupational Safety and Health, John Wiley and Sons, New
York, NY, 1987.
Brauer, Roger L., Safety and Health for Engineers, John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY, 1990.
CBS News, U.N.: World Population Increasingly Urban,,
March 2, 2008, 11:51am
Complete Compliance Consulting, Your business needs in Safety, Human Resources, Loss Prevention and
USDOT compliance,, accessed March 4, 2008
Everly, Mike, Accident Investigating and reporting, Cambrian Safety Consultancy, accessed March 1, 2008
Owen media Partners Inc. A world of Safety: Personal Protective Equipment,, accessed March 4, 2008
Saskatchewan Construction Association, Confined spaces,, accessed March 4, 2008
Saskatchewan Labour, The Occupational Health and Safety Regulations,1996 being Chapter O-1.1 Reg 1 as
amended by Saskatchewan Regulations 6/97, 35/2003, 112/2005, 67/2007 and 91/2007, Saskatchewan, 2007
UK Health and Safety Executive, A short guide to the Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations
, accessed March 3, 2008
U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety& Health Administration, Construction Safety,, Accessed
March 3, 2008,
Young, Jay A., Laboratory Safety Information: Keynote address, 48th NEACT Summer Conference
at the University of Main, Orono, Maine,August 18-22, 1986, accessed March 3, 2008
Western Safety Products, Tie-Off Information & OSHA Information and Fall protection
deceleration distances,
, accessed March 3, 2008

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