Athletic Training

Report
Introduction to the Career of Athletic Training
Athletic Training
Rendering of specialized care to those
individuals involved in exercise and
athletics.
 It is recognized as an allied health
career by the American Medical
Association (AMA) in 1991.
 Dates as far back as the treatment of
gladiators in Rome

 Galen was a trainer and physician to the
gladiators
Athletic Training cont.
As more people become involved in
athletics the field will continue to grow
 Certified Athletic Trainers are professionals
who have worked to attain certification in
the field of athletic training.

 Highly educated and skilled professionals who
specialize in the prevention, treatment, and
rehabilitation of injuries

Athletic Trainers are an integral part of the
athletic health care team
Title IX
Federal legislation that prohibits
discrimination of the basis of sex as to
participation in athletics in schools
receiving federal funds
 Number of females participating in
athletics has increased the demand of
Athletic Trainers

History and Development of
Athletic Training

Cramer Family (1920s)
 Gardner, Kansas
 Started a chemical company and began
producing a liniment to treat ankle sprains
 Publication of First Aider in 1932
 Family instrumental in early development of
the athletic training profession
 Continue to play prominent role in education
of student athletic trainers
Skills Required
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Problem-solving ability
Good Judgment
Good decision-making skills
Proficient knowledge of anatomy, physiology,
biology, and advanced first aid
Motor skills
Communication skills
Ability work well with people
Ability to work well under stressful conditions
Ability to maintain poise in emergencies
Education

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Bachelor’s Degree in athletic training
The program must be accredited
Classes taken include
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Anatomy and physiology
Biomechanics
Exercise physiology
Athletic training
Nutrition
Psychology
Must pass the BOC examination to become
certified
Certification
Certification exam is administered
through the BOC (Board of Certification)
 Three part exam

 Written portion
○ Multiple choice
 Practical portion
○ Evaluates the skills of the athletic trainer
 Simulation
○ Athletic training-related situations designed to
approximate real-life decision making
Certification cont.

Six practice domains on exam
 Prevention
 Recognition, evaluation, and assessment
 Immediate care
 Treatment, rehabilitation, and reconditioning
 Organization and administration
 Professional development and responsibility

Once they pass they are able to use the
designation ATC
Work Settings
Secondary schools
 Colleges and universities
 Clinics
 Professional sports teams
 Industrial settings
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Responsibilities
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Prevention, recognition, evaluation,
treatment, and rehabilitation of athletic
injuries
Taping and bandaging
Monitor rehabilitation programs
Use of modalities and training equipment
Recording, organizing , and storing
information on injuries and rehabilitation
Compared to other professions, Athletic
Trainers see the whole injury cycle
Hours

Athletic trainers typically work over a 40
hour work week especially in the
secondary, collegiate, and professional
levels
 Most work weeks are 60 to 70 hours Monday
through Friday depending on the amount of
games during the week
High School
College
Professional
Clinical
Salary
37,500
47,000
60,000
48,500
Days/Week
5
5+
6+
5
Hours/Week
40-60
40-60
50+
40
Evenings
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Athletes/Day
>30
>30
<45
<20
Professionalism
There is a national association called the
National Athletic Trainer’s Association along
with regional and state associations
 Hippocratic Oath

 “I will use treatment to help the sick according
to my ability and judgment, but I will never use
it to injury or wrong them.”
 Liable: obligated according to law or equity
 Anyone who works outside his or her scope of
practice and expertise can be found negligent
and liable for his or her actions
Risk Management
Work within scope of practice of knowledge
and expertise
 Keep proper documentation and maintain
accurate records
 Follow proper training room rules and
procedures
 Always have adequate training room
supervision
 Keep in close contact with coaches,
administration, and parents of athletes
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Risk Management cont.
Inspect practice and game facilities
 Establish a return – to – play protocol
 Involve the team physician in all aspects
of the program
 Establish an advisory program with
members of all involved parties
 Establish and practice an emergency
action plan

Smooth Professional – Athletic
Trainer video
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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qw3
RHKTkBMk
Roles and Responsibilities of the Athletic
Trainer
Preventative
2. Recognition, Evaluation, and Immediate
Care
3. Rehabilitation Course of Action
4. Administration
5. Professional Development
6. Personal Skills
1.
1. Preventative
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Pre-Participation Screening (PPE)
Conditioning
 Total body
 Sport or injury specific
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Monitoring Environmental Conditions
 Field conditions
 Weather
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Properly Fitted Equipment
Educate
 Parents, coaches, athletes
2. Recognition, Evaluation, and
Immediate Care
Emergency
 Acute
 Course of Action
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3. Rehabilitation Course of
Action
Short Term
 Long Term
 Return to Play
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4. Administration
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Documentation
Policy and Procedures
 Daily records
 Daily operations
 Treatment logs
 Rules/regulations
 Insurance
 EAP
 Family history
 Scheduling
 Medications
 Surgeries
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Written Guidelines
5. Professional Development
Membership in Different Professional
Organizations
 Stay current
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 CEU
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Be active in organizations
6. Personal Skills
1. Know the Athlete:
 Medical History
past/current
 Injuries, allergies,
meds, contact lens,
dental appliances
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Personality
 Low tolerance vs. high
tolerance
2. Know the Sport:
 Fundamentals
 Demands of sport
 Same injury
 In one sport not
cleared, in another
can play
Personal Skills cont.
3. Remain Calm:
 Self calm
 Calm the athlete
 Very difficult to assess if
the athlete is scared,
excited, and anxious
4. Alert:
 Observe all athletes
 Limping, down, acting
unusual
5. Good Judgment:
 Common sense
Personal Skills cont.
6. Experience:
 Confidence
 Assessment skills
7. Patience (with):
 Evaluation
 Athlete
 Self
Personal Skills cont.
8. Referral:
 Record all information
 Send to physician
 Doubts, concerns
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Clearance

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