MAF EAT - Jan 31 2013

Report
Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Cooperatives
and Rural Development
Republic of South Sudan
Agricultural Transformation in
South Sudan
Effort for Agricultural Transformation (EAT)
Pre-Read for February 5th, 2013
Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Juba
The People and the President of South Sudan have demanded a
“hunger-free” nation
What will it mean to be “hunger-free”?
 National food independence
 Improved health and nutrition across
the country
 Agriculture as a major economic engine,
complementing oil and gas
 Increased incomes for >80% of the
population
Republic of South Sudan
|1
To achieve this goal we will use a zonal approach – building on the
unique agricultural potential of each of South Sudan’s agronomic zones
What is an integrated zonal transformation?
A strategy to develop a targeted zone of the country, focusing on specific crops —with a
broad plan providing clear direction across different sectors
Plans will be comprehensive:
Locations:
Tailored to each zone
to prioritize scarce
resources
Crop(s):
Focused on select
high value crops
Change agents:
Identify key actors that
can drive change
Enabling
environment:
Detailed plans for nonagricultural support
And will require us to work together:
National
and State governments
Private sector
entrepreneurs
Donors and
implementing partners
Communities and
farmers
Republic of South Sudan
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To start the zonal EAT process, opportunities in each agro-ecological zone
across South Sudan are being examined
The 6 Agro-Ecological Zones of South Sudan
1
6
Western Flood
Plains
2 Nile Sobat
3A
Eastern Flood
Plains - North
3B
Eastern Flood
Plains - South
Ironstone
Plateau
5 Greenbelt
4
Hills and
Mountains
Republic of South Sudan
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The teams followed 4 steps to identify each zone’s economic
transformation opportunity
EXAMPLES
Step 1
Identify a high-potential
economic opportunity
Agronomic
suitability
Step 4
Choose model(s) of
change to address these
constraints
Cultural fit
Wau
Step 2
Select accessible output
markets to link
production
Step 3
Identify key constraints
to growth in the valuechain
Market
potential
Yambio-Tambura
Input supply
Production
Low yields driven by
poor quality inputs
Agroentrepreneur
FBO
Juba
Postharvest
Harvest
Resale
Market competiveness
hindered by poor roads
Block farm
Extension
Others:
Finance
Republic of South Sudan
|4
Steps 1 and 2 identified high-potential economic opportunities in each
PRELIMINARY
zone which will need to be tested in the coming months
Primary opportunity
1 Western Flood Plains
2 Nile Sobat
Livestock
Rice
Sorghum
6 Ironstone Plateau
3A
Eastern Flood Plains North
Simsim
Fish
Maize
Sugar
Sorghum
3B
Eastern Flood Plains South
Livestock
Sorghum
Groundnut
Cassava
5 Greenbelt
Sorghum
Fish
4 Hills and Mountains
Irish
potatoes
Horticulture
Maize
Simsim
Sorghum
Horticulture
Wheat
Emerging opportunities include:
▪ Arid zone – sheep
▪ Greenbelt – small ruminants, aquaculture, honey
Republic of South Sudan
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Steps 3 and 4 looked at the major value chain constraints in each
opportunity, and identified a primary approach to drive change
1 Western Flood Plains
Inclusive
irrigation
scheme
2 Nile Sobat
3A
Commercial
Processing
hub
6 Ironstone Plateau
Processing
Hubs
5 Greenbelt
Smallholder
aggregation
SOURCE:WFP/FAO Crop Assessment; Expert interviews with Ministries of Agriculture and Animal Resources
PRELIMINARY
Eastern Flood Plains North
Large-scale
commercial
farms
3B
Eastern Flood Plains South
Stability
promotion
through youth
engagement
4 Hills and Mountains
Trader-lead
outgrower
scheme
Republic of South Sudan
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Unlocking these opportunities depends on a strong enabling environment,
achieved by deep coordination across Ministries, States, donors, and
other stakeholders
We will work together …
▪ Ministry of Animal
Resources and Fisheries
▪ Ministry of Roads and
Bridges
▪ Lands Commission
▪ Ministry of Commerce and
Trade
▪ Ministry of Finance
▪ Ministry of Gender
▪ Ministry of Health
▪ Ministry of Environment
▪ State governments
▪ Private sector
▪ Strategic planning support
(e.g., CAMP, FAO)
▪ Donors and development
partners
▪ Etc.
Roads to connect
farmers to markets
▪ Priority trunk and feeder road
rehabilitation
▪ Ongoing maintenance
Supportive policies to
promote trade
▪ Consistent interstate tariffs
▪ Protection against counterfeit
products
Financial assistance to
farmers and agro dealers
▪ Access to credit for inputs
▪ Capital loans for machinery
▪ Support for imports
Social improvements
to empower farmers
▪ Health and nutrition investments
▪ Empowering female farmers
and cooperatives
SOURCE: Expert interviews with Ministries of Agriculture and Finance; Workshop discussions in Torit, Magwi, Yambio and
Republic of South Sudan
Yei counties
| 7
Each zone is being assessed on several factors important for
rapid growth
Existing
Infrastruc
ture
1
Western Flood
Plains
2
Nile Sobat
3a
Eastern Flood
Plains – North
3b
Eastern Flood
Plains – South
4
Hills and
Mountains
5
Greenbelt
6
Ironstone
Plateau
Security
status
Length of
time to
impact
Return
Funding
on inavailable1
vestment
Legend:
Good
Medium
Difficult
Overall
Readiness
▪ All zones have clear potential but each transformation requires its own locally-specific strategy
▪ We will learn from our initial efforts and apply lessons to each subsequent zone
1 RSS and donor
SOURCE: IFPRI Statistical yearbook (2010), World Bank “Agricultural Potential” (2012)
Republic of South Sudan
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In order to refine these hypotheses, we have planned a full-day meeting to
review our findings in detail and plan the critical next steps
Timing
Description
Facilitator
Introduction
10-10:15
Opening remarks
H.E. Vice President
10:15-10:30
Introduction
H.E. Min of Ag
 Reminder: Why zonal approach? (Focus,
unified investment plan across RSS & donors)
 3 phases of the transformation
Zonal overviews
10:30-11:00
Presentation: 6 agro-ecological zones
H.E. Min of Ag
 “Quick win” opportunities
 Costs and challenges
11:00-12:00
Working groups: Zonal investment plan feedback EAT working team
12:00-12:30
Prioritization and Next Steps
H.E. Min of Ag
LUNCH BREAK
Deep dive: Greenbelt Illustration
1:30-3:00
3:00-4:00
Presentation: Greenbelt
 Overall goals
 Locally targeted strategies
H.E. Min of Ag
State representatives
Enabling Environment: Needs and investments
EAT working team
Scale-up plans: Operationalizing and scaling to all zones
4:00-5:00
Next steps
H.E. Min of Ag
Republic of South Sudan
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Next steps following the meeting:
Prioritize and sequence investments based on ROI and feasibility
▪
▪
▪
Validate economic opportunity choices for each zone
Develop detailed investment plan
Understand fiscal resources for both donor and government
Design the management structure for the effort
▪
▪
▪
Determine the leadership structure and lines of authority
Construct monitoring and evaluation plan
Set stakeholder milestones and schedule for reconvening
Republic of South Sudan
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