Life Boot Camp - ScienceWilmeth5

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Life Boot Camp
5.9B Part 1
Describe how the flow of energy derived from
the sun, used by producers to create their own
food, is transferred through a food chain and
feed web to consumers and decomposers.
STAAR 2013 #8; RC 4; Readiness; J
1. The food web below represent organisms in a field. What
role do raccoons play in this food web?
F. Prey
G. Producer
H. Decomposer
J. Consumer
STAAR 2013 #8; RC 4; Readiness; J
1. The food web below represent organisms in a field. What
role do raccoons play in this food web?
F. Prey
G. Producer
H. Decomposer
J. Consumer
STAAR 2013 #27; RC 4; Readiness;D
2. The diets of several types of prairie animals are described in the
table below.
Type of Animal
Food Eaten
Badger
Prairie dogs, rabbits
Prairie dog
Leaves, stems, and roots of grasses
Grasshopper
Grasses, wildflowers
Sparrow
Insects, seeds
Coyote
Prairie dogs, rabbit
Eagle
Prairie dogs, rabbit, coyotes
Which of the following prairie food chains is in the correct order?
A. Eagles  prairie dogs  coyotes
B. Wildflowers  badgers  grasshoppers
C. Sparrows  seeds  insects
D. Grasses  prairie dogs  badgers
STAAR 2013 #27; RC 4; Readiness
2. The diets of several types of prairie animals are described in the
table below.
Type of Animal
Food Eaten
Badger
Prairie dogs, rabbits
Prairie dog
Leaves, stems, and roots of grasses
Grasshopper
Grasses, wildflowers
Sparrow
Insects, seeds
Coyote
Prairie dogs, rabbit
Eagle
Prairie dogs, rabbit, coyotes
Which of the following prairie food chains is in the correct order?
A. Eagles  prairie dogs  coyotes
B. Wildflowers  badgers  grasshoppers
C. Sparrows  seeds  insects
D. Grasses  prairie dogs  badgers
TAKS Study Guide, #10
3. When students drink milk, they become part
of a food chain. What is the original energy
source of the food chain that includes the
students and the milk?
A
B
C
D
Soil
Cows
Grass
Sunlight
TAKS Study Guide, #10
3. When students drink milk, they become part
of a food chain. What is the original energy
source of the food chain that includes the
students and the milk?
A
B
C
D
Soil
Cows
Grass
Sunlight
4.
4.
TAKS Information Book, 2004
5. According to the food web shown, a decrease in the number
of clams would probably result in —
A
B
C
D
a decrease in the amount of algae
an increased number of crabs
fish and snails eating crabs
crabs eating more snails
TAKS Information Book, 2004
5. According to the food web shown, a decrease in the number
of clams would probably result in —
A
B
C
D
a decrease in the amount of algae
an increased number of crabs
fish and snails eating crabs
crabs eating more snails
6.
6.
2004—#35 (72%)
7. Which diagram shows how energy flows
through a food chain?
A
B
C
D
Producers  carnivores  herbivores
Sun  producers  herbivores  carnivores
Sun  herbivores  carnivores  producers
Carnivores  producers  herbivores
2004—#35 (72%)
7. Which diagram shows how energy flows
through a food chain?
A
B
C
D
Producers  carnivores  herbivores
Sun  producers  herbivores  carnivores
Sun  herbivores  carnivores  producers
Carnivores  producers  herbivores
8.
8.
9.
9.
10.
10.
11. Which of the following is an NOT example of an
interaction in the food web shown above?
A
B
C
D
Algae are eaten only by snails and clams.
Snails eat algae and are then eaten by clams.
Crabs eat snails that feed on algae.
Crabs eat fish that feed on snails.
11. Which of the following is an NOT example of an
interaction in the food web shown above?
A
B
C
D
Algae are eaten only by snails and clams.
Snails eat algae and are then eaten by clams.
Crabs eat snails that feed on algae.
Crabs eat fish that feed on snails.
12. Which part of a food web recycles matter
by breaking it down into simpler parts?
A
B
C
D
sunlight
producer
consumer
decomposer
12. Which part of a food web recycles matter
by breaking it down into simpler parts?
A
B
C
D
sunlight
producer
consumer
decomposer
13. Which of the following is true of a food chain? A
food chain—
A shows the movement of energy through an
ecosystem
B is exactly the same as a food web in every
ecosystem
C never contains any green plants or other producers
D consists only of predators, prey, and decomposers
13. Which of the following is true of a food chain? A
food chain—
A shows the movement of energy through an
ecosystem
B is exactly the same as a food web in every
ecosystem
C never contains any green plants or other producers
D consists only of predators, prey, and decomposers
14. What is flowing through
the system pictured above?
A
B
C
D
Food
Heat
Water
Energy
14. What is flowing through
the system pictured above?
A
B
C
D
Food
Heat
Water
Energy
15. Consumers eat plants or other animals. Which
living organism is necessary for the existence of
consumers to continue?
A
B
C
D
Animals
Plants
Frogs
Grasshoppers
15. Consumers eat plants or other animals. Which
living organism is necessary for the existence of
consumers to continue?
A
B
C
D
Animals
Plants
Frogs
Grasshoppers
16. Plants use sunlight and take in carbon dioxide
from the air and water from the environment to
make food. In this process, they release oxygen back
into the environment. How is this important to the
survival of other living things?
A
B
C
D
Plants use this oxygen to make water.
People need this oxygen to make electricity.
Animals use oxygen for food.
Living things need oxygen for respiration.
16. Plants use sunlight and take in carbon dioxide
from the air and water from the environment to
make food. In this process, they release oxygen back
into the environment. How is this important to the
survival of other living things?
A
B
C
D
Plants use this oxygen to make water.
People need this oxygen to make electricity.
Animals use oxygen for food.
Living things need oxygen for respiration (breathing).
seeds  mouse  red-tail hawk
17. In the diagram above, what do the arrows
represent?
A
B
C
D
Photosynthesis
The life cycle of an organism
The transfer of energy
Nourishment
seeds  mouse  red-tail hawk
17. In the diagram above, what do the arrows
represent?
A
B
C
D
Photosynthesis
The life cycle of an organism
The transfer of energy
Nourishment
18. Decomposers are helpful to the food chain
because they —
A
B
C
D
place nutrients in the soil
prey on carnivores
use photosynthesis to make food
are food for carnivores
18. Decomposers are helpful to the food chain
because they —
A
B
C
D
place nutrients in the soil
prey on carnivores
use photosynthesis to make food
are food for carnivores
19. Many animals depend on plants for—
A
B
C
D
carbon dioxide
pollination
seed dispersal
nourishment
19. Many animals depend on plants for—
A
B
C
D
carbon dioxide
pollination
seed dispersal
nourishment
20. What is the role of a producer in a food chain?
A
B
C
D
Preys on animals
Eats decayed animals
Makes food
Eats plants
20. What is the role of a producer in a food chain?
A
B
C
D
Preys on animals
Eats decayed animals
Makes food
Eats plants
21.
21.
22.
22.
23.
23.
Look at this food chain.
Dandelion → Ladybug → Robin
24. Which of these would NOT be a role of the
ladybug?
A
B
C
D
Herbivore
Consumer
Producer
Prey
Look at this food chain.
Dandelion → Ladybug → Robin
24. Which of these would NOT be a role of the
ladybug?
A
B
C
D
Herbivore
Consumer
Producer
Prey
25. If disease removed a species of plant from a
food web, how would that ecosystem MOST
LIKELY be affected?
A All plants in the ecosystem would become
extinct.
B The organisms that eat the plant would grow
stronger
C Consumers of the plant would have a smaller
food source
D Producers in the ecosystem would have a
smaller energy supply
25. If disease removed a species of plant from a
food web, how would that ecosystem MOST
LIKELY be affected?
A All plants in the ecosystem would become
extinct.
B The organisms that eat the plant would grow
stronger
C Consumers of the plant would have a smaller
food source
D Producers in the ecosystem would have a
smaller energy supply
26. Which of the following BEST explains what this diagram
represents?
A
B
C
D
Why some organisms only eat plants
Which animals share the same food
All the living things that can be found in an ecosystem
The direction of energy flow from one organism to the
next
26. Which of the following BEST explains what this diagram
represents?
A
B
C
D
Why some organisms only eat plants
Which animals share the same food
All the living things that can be found in an ecosystem
The direction of energy flow from one organism to the
next
27. Which organism produces oxygen for other
organisms?
A
B
C
D
A fish
A water lily
A blue bird
A snail
27. Which organism produces oxygen for other
organisms?
A
B
C
D
A fish
A water lily
A blue bird
A snail
28. Which organisms in this food chain are predators?
A
B
C
D
Plants and caterpillars
Caterpillars and frogs
Frogs and snakes
Snakes and plants
28. Which organisms in this food chain are predators?
A
B
C
D
Plants and caterpillars
Caterpillars and frogs
Frogs and snakes
Snakes and plants
29.
29.
30.
30.
31.
31.
32.
Which population would most likely decrease if the
number of mice greatly increased?
A
B
C
D
Green plants
Mice
Snakes
Hawks
32.
Which population would most likely decrease if the
number of mice greatly increased?
A
B
C
D
Green plants
Mice
Snakes
Hawks
33. Which of the following organisms provides energy for more
than one other organism in the food web pictured above?
A
B
C
D
Bird
Plant
Fox
Mouse
33. Which of the following organisms provides energy for more
than one other organism in the food web pictured above?
A
B
C
D
Bird
Plant
Fox
Mouse
34.
34.
35. Which organisms pictured is a producer?
A
B
C
D
Grasshopper
Raccoon
Grass
Frog
35. Which organisms pictured is a producer?
A
B
C
D
Grasshopper
Raccoon
Grass
Frog

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