Balanced Diet Lesson - Flying Back To Nature

Report
Kingsmead Project Pigeon
Science
Kingsfield Lofts
Balanced Diet
What is a Balanced Diet?
What makes up a Balanced Diet?
Why is it important to have a Balanced Diet?
Feed the Birds
!!!!!!!
Feeding the Birds is one of the most important
aspects of racing pigeons?
•
All living things need to eat to get energy for movement and for their body to
function correctly.
• There is not only energy in food!
There are many things in the food we eat and also what animals eat that allow the
bodies to perform different functions.
On the next page are all of the food groups and pictures of how they help us in
everyday life
See if you can match up the pictures to the food group
Protein
Carbohydrate
Fibre
Fat
Vitamin & Minerals
repair and build tissue in the body that
Protein Protein is used by the bodyhastobeen
damaged.
After any exercise muscle tissue is damaged and this is how all
animals build up stronger muscle as the protein in the diet allows
new stronger muscle tissue to replace old damaged tissue.
Carbohydrate
Carbohydrate is used by the body as an immediate energy
source. If it is not used within a few hours it is turned into fat.
Carbohydrates are important as they are burned by the body to
allow the body to function. This can be in many ways such as
energy to supply the digestive system to digest food or energy
supplied to the muscles to race 100 miles in a pigeon race.
Remember - Your body needs energy to perform all of its
functions!
Fat
Fat is energy that has not been used by the body during exercise or
normal everyday body functions.
The body can convert Carbohydrates that have not been used into
fat to be stored at and used at a later date. Also the body can take
in fat from the food you eat and this can also be stored energy just
like a battery.
Fibre
Fibre is used by the body to help with the digestion of food.
All food types need to pass through the digestive system to be used
by the body. Fibre helps the digestive system work by helping the
different food groups get into the red and white blood cells in the
blood stream where they can be transported all around the body to
be used where needed.
Vitamin & Minerals
Vitamins and Minerals do different things to keep your body
healthy and there is no one food that contains all of them!
It is important that you have a good mixture of both vitamins
and minerals as they are a major part of any Balanced Diet.
Now its your turn!
Below is a pie chart with the correct amount of nutrients each animal needs
to stay healthy
V
•
•
Your job is to come up with
a balanced diet not only for
you but also for the pigeons
at Kingsmead
Human Meal
You must create a balanced
diet for both using the
information you have
gathered so far.
PIGEON Meal
Must have precisely 100g of food!
Must have precisely 350g of food!
On the next Page there are the different food groups to that we have already talked about.
Some of the foods are for Humans and some are for Pigeons!!!
GOOD LUCK
Milk
Protein
Carbohydrate
Split Pea
Bread
Cheese
Maple Pea
Rice
Yellow Maize
Barley
Pasta
Meat & Poultry
Nuts
Safflower Seed
Fibre
Fat
All-Bran
Chocolate
Fried Food
Vegetable Oil
Sunflower Seeds
or Seed Oil
Broccoli
Apple
Cabbage
Wheat
Carrot
What did you come up with?
Ok now you must feedback to the class about what you have produced for
both the PIGEONS & HUMANS and why it is a balanced diet!
Use the chart to Peer
asses each other to see if
other groups have got
the right balance
Answers
HUMANS – 350g
Protein = 59.5g
Fat = 52.5g
Carbohydrate = 217g
Fibre = 17.5g
Salt = 3.5
Pigeons – 100 g
Protein = 17g
Fat = 15g
Carbohydrate = 62g
Fibre = 5g
Salt = 1g
Conclusion
What is a Balanced Diet?
What makes up a Balanced Diet?
Why is it important to have a Balanced Diet?

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