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Report
Application Virtualization
Hands-On-Lab
Nicola Ferrini
[email protected]
Who Am I ?
Nicola Ferrini
Trainer
Technical Writer
Systems Engineer
Server & Application Virtualization Technology
Specialist
• Technet Speaker
• Microsoft System Center Influencer
• More on:
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o http://www.nicolaferrini.it/curriculum.shtml
o http://www.windowserver.it/ChiSiamo/Staff/tabid/71/Default.aspx
Introduction
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Name
Company affiliation
Title/function
Job responsibility
Application Virtualization experience
Server management experience
Your expectations for the Hands-on-lab
Hands-on-lab Outline
• Optimizing Windows Desktop Management in the
Enterprise
• Microsoft Application Virtualization Management
System: Introduction and Architecture
• Planning and Installing the Microsoft Application
Virtualization Client
• Administering the Application Virtualization
Management Server
• Advanced Application Virtualization Administration
Tasks
• Planning and Deploying the Application
Virtualization Sequencer
• Advanced Sequencing
Microsoft Desktop Optimization Pack
Feature
Description
Microsoft Enterprise Desktop
Virtualization
Enable legacy applications and accelerate upgrades to
a new operating system
Microsoft Application
Virtualization
Dynamically stream software as a centrally managed
service
Microsoft Asset Inventory
Service
Translate software inventory into business intelligence
Microsoft Diagnostics and
Recovery Toolset
Powerful tools to accelerate desktop repair
Microsoft Advanced Group
Policy Management
Enhance group policy through change
Management
System Center Desktop Error
Monitoring
Proactively manage application and operating system
failures
Microsoft Application Virtualization
Dynamically delivering the virtual application solution
• Applications to users at log on
• Accelerates desktop
deployment
• Centralized permissions
• Minimizes application
coexistence testing
• Sandboxed applications
• Runs real-time usage reports
• Enables device roaming
Requirements:
• Server components require Windows Server 2003 or
later
• Requires SQL 2000 or later
• Client requires Windows XP or later
• Certain components require .NET Framework 2.0
Microsoft Application
Virtualization Management
System: Introduction and
Architecture
What Is Application Virtualization?
Operating System
Read Only
System Files
(Registry, .ini,
DLL, etc.)
Read & Write
Read & Write
Application
System Services
(cut and
paste, OLE,
printers, etc.)
Virtual Environment
(Registry, .ini, DLL,
Group Policy, etc.)
Read & Write
Profile Data
Application Management Lifecycle
Packaging
Monitoring/
Asset
Management
Business
Continuity
Management
Testing will effect
multiple stages in
the lifecycle
Deployment
Updates
Termination
Support
Application Deployment
Deploying
Deploy
• No client installs
• No client footprint
• No wasting resources
• Pre-configuration of applications
Application Packaging
Each published application
contains:
•.osd file – Open Software
Description "link" files
•.ico file – Icon file
Each package contains:
•.sft file – Microsoft
Application
Virtualization-enabled
application
•.sprj file – Microsoft
Application
Virtualization project file
Manifest.xml
•Manifest.xml - Used in
package distribution
Application Updates
Updates
Update
• Update once on server
• Seamless update to clients
Application Support
Support
Support
• Reduced application conflicts
• Reduced help desk calls
• Increased license compliance
Application Termination
Terminate
Termination
• Centrally deactivate the
application
Reduces Common Deployment and
Management Problems
Manifest.xml

Application Virtualization
packages contain the
complete environment
for the application

Applications in a suite can
share the environment
Manifest.xml

Potentially conflicting
applications have
their own environment
Delivering Pre-Configured Applications
• Sequencing engineer builds the package and configures the
application to address user requirements
Running Multiple Versions of a Single Application
on the Same Computer
• Each application runs
in its own Virtual
Environment, which
allows different
applications to share
the same hardware
with two versions of
the same application
Providing Centrally Managed Application Deployment
and Maintenance
• The management console is used to connect to the Web
service, which is the central component for all Microsoft
Application Virtualization
On-Demand Delivery
• Streams application when requested by user
• Application will be streamed either by launching the
application or by file invocation
• Application Virtualization (App-V) Client reads the .osd
file to determine the correct App-V Server to stream the
application
• App-V Server checks the data store to ensure the user is
still entitled to the application and there are available
licenses
• App-V Server will use the RTSP protocol to stream the
virtual application to the client
Primary and Secondary Feature Blocks
• Package .sft don’t have to be delivered at one time
• Sequencer can mark certain blocks of the .sft as critical launch phase
or primary feature block (FB1)

During initial stream after FB1 is downloaded, application can launch
• All other blocks are stored in secondary feature block (FB2)

When user accesses feature not in FB1, individual blocks of data are
downloaded from FB2

Operation known as Out-of-Sequence Operation
• User customized settings are stored in UsrVol_sftfs_v1.pkg and
stored in user’s %AppData%
Microsoft Application Virtualization Sequencer
App-V Management Server and Client Requirements
and Interactions
• Client for desktops
and terminal
services
• Small footprint
• Microsoft Windows
XP, Windows 2003
Server, or newer
• 12 megabyte (MB)
for installation files,
at least 2048 MB for
cache file
Publishing an Application
Accessing an Application
Administrator Computer
Active Directory
Management
Web Service
Data Store
Client
/Content
Application Virtualization
Management Server
Accessing an Application on a Microsoft
Application Virtualization Streaming Server
Application Virtualization
Client
(Windows Desktop
or Terminal Server)
/Content
Microsoft Application
Virtualization Management Server
/Content
Sequencer
Microsoft Application
Virtualization Streaming Server
Planning and Installing the
Microsoft Application
Virtualization Client
Application Virtualization Clients
Application Virtualization
Desktop Clients
Application
Virtualization
Management
Server
Terminal Services
Desktop Clients
Application
Virtualization
for Terminal
Services
Application Virtualization Desktop Client
Network
Application
Virtualization
Desktop Client
Application
Virtualization
Management
Server
Application Virtualization for Remote Desktop Services
Application Virtualization for
Remote Desktop
Services
LAN
Remote Desktop
Server
Terminal
Services
Client
Network
LAN, VPN,
Internet
Application
Virtualization
Management
Server
Minimum Recommended Client Requirements
Client
For
Terminal
Servers
For
Desktop
Processor
Must meet
operating
system
minimum
requirement
Must meet
operating
system
minimum
requirement
Memory
1 GB RAM
(minimum 256
megabytes (MB),
actual figure
dependent on
number of users
and applications)
Disk Space
Operating
Systems
• Microsoft
Windows 2003
Terminal Services
12 MB for
installation
+ 4096 MB
for cache
• Microsoft
Windows 2008
Terminal Services
• Microsoft
Windows 2008
R2 Remote
Desktop Services
• Microsoft
Windows XP
128 MB
12 MB for
installation
+ 2048 MB for
cache
• Microsoft
Windows Vista
• Microsoft
Windows 7
Key Differences Between Application Virtualization Clients
Installation
Setup
Cache settings
Application streaming
User Data directory
Description
• Two differences: default installation
location and default cache size
• A larger cache is generally required
for Terminal Services Client
• Recommend the entire content of the
.sft file be preloaded into the file
system cache for Terminal Services
• Uses the %APPDATA% location by
default
Application Virtualization Client – Applications
Application Virtualization Client – File Type
Associations
Application Virtualization Client – Publishing Servers
Command Line Client Configuration – SFTMIME.EXE
Administering the Microsoft
Application Virtualization
Management Server
What Is the Applications Container?
The Applications Container is used to:
• Add or import sequenced applications
• Configure virtualization access settings for applications
• Organize applications into application groups
• Remove applications and application groups
Files Used to Add or Import an Application
File type.SPRJ
Description
• Describes which applications are part of a specific
.sprj
application suite
• Contains parse items and exclusions
• Is XML-based
• Specifies application launch information to the
.osd
.sft
.ico
Manifest.xml
virtualization client
• Provides application virtualization settings
• Is XML-based
• Up to 4 gigabyte (GB) application storage file
• Contains application assets that make up the
application
• Separated into multiple feature blocks
.XML
• Is XML-based
• Used to represent application shortcut icons
• Used in specific streaming infrastructure
scenarios to inform clients how to access
sequenced applications
Considerations for Importing Applications
.osd Path
• Make sure the path specified in the .osd file matches the
content path to the server
• Server name may be specified as a system variable
For example:
Considerations to keep in mind:
• Where will the application shortcuts go?
• What file type associations will the application use?
• Which security groups need access to the application?
Importing Applications
Import applications by:
• Using Action menu option, Import Applications Wizard
• Specifying the .sprj or .osd file provided by the Sequencer
Demonstration: Importing an
Application
In this demonstration, you will see how to import an
application
LAB: Publishing Applications into the
Application Virtualization
Environment
• Exercise 1: Configuring System Options
• Exercise 2: Publishing an Application
• Exercise 3: Verifying Application Virtualization
Functionality
Modifying Published Applications and
Configuring Version Upgrades
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Modifying Imported Applications
Configuring File Type Associations
What Is a Package?
Overview of the Active Upgrade Process
Retiring a Package Version
Modifying Imported Applications
• Allows administrators to change options defined during the
initial application import
Overview of the Active Upgrade Process
Sequencing administrator
provides updates to the
application package
1. Select package to be
updated, and then add
new version
2. Type in updated .sft file
path
3. Type in the relative
path
4. Confirm package
5. Ask client to reload
application
Retiring a Package Version
• To retire a package version, delete the version of the
package no longer in use
LAB: Configuring Active Upgrades for
Published Applications
• Exercise: Configuring Package Versions
Planning and Deploying
the Application
Virtualization Sequencer
What Does the Application
Virtualization Sequencer Do?
Application Virtualization Sequencer:
• Packages applications that are deployed to desktops and
Terminal Servers and run by the Virtual Application Client
• Prepares applications that are streamed from a Virtual
Application Server
• Packages the application into an MSI package for distribution
using a software deployment platform such as System
Management Software (SMS), or System Center Configuration
Manager (SCCM)
Communication Between Virtual Environments
Virtual
Environment
Virtual
Environment
• Virtual environments are
isolated from each other
• Basic copy and paste is
available between virtual
environments, and is facilitated
by the Virtual Application Client
• Dynamic Suite Composition is
the only exception that allows
communication between virtual
environments
Virtual Application Client
Clipboard
Operating
System
Local
Application
Overview of the Sequencing Process
1. Standard installation process is
monitored by Sequencer to
discover:
• Files
• Registry entries
• INI files
• Environment variables
2. Changes are packaged into a
virtual environment
3. Application is executed to
determine initial startup
requirements
4. Application is sequenced, and
.sft, .sprj, .ico, .osd, and
Manifest.xml files are generated
5. Virtualized application is moved
to the Application Virtualization
Server, and then tested
Application
Virtualization
Server
Components of a Sequenced Application
• .sft file contains the sequenced
Windows® application
•
.sprj XML-based text file
contains parse items and
exclusions for application suites
•
.ico files used for application
shortcuts to .osd files
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•
.osd provides necessary
information to launch the
application
Manifest.xml stores information
about the application, and is
used by Application
Virtualization Streaming
Servers
Considerations Related to the Sequencer
Environment
• Use a clean operating system install
• Sequence on the lowest operating system version used in
the target environment
• Do not install monitoring agents or antivirus-type software,
or any software that runs background tasks
• Reset environment after each package is created
Typical Configuration for the Sequencer
C:\ drive (NTFS)
• Operating System
• Service Packs
Q:\ drive (NTFS)
• Application Installation
Path
• Package Root Directory
(8.3 format)
• Install Files for
Application
Best Practices for Sequencing
• Perform local install first
• Document install process
• Do not apply compression
and keep block size to 32KB
• Install path using 8.3
• Disable the program’s
automatic update feature
while the application is
being sequenced
• Complete the application
configuration while the
Sequencer is still
monitoring, post-installation
naming convention
• Set application components
• Always reply “Yes” when
asked to reboot
Overview of Sequencing Wizard
• The Virtual Application Sequencer provides a wizard that
can be used to sequence most applications
Package
Information
Monitor
Installation
Add Files
Sequence Package
Launch
Applications
Configure
Applications
• Creating a new package launches the Sequencing Wizard,
which guides you through the proper wizard sequence for
package creation
Sequencing Wizard - Package Information
Sequencing Wizard – Monitor Installation
Click Begin Monitoring and install the application to the
Q:\Package Root directory.
Sequencing Wizard – Add Files to Virtual File System
• Add additional files here to the VFS that may not have
been captured during monitoring
Sequencing Wizard – Configure Applications
1. Review programs that were detected by the
Installation Wizard
2. Modify shortcuts / FTA’s
3. Modify application name and icon
Sequencing Wizard – Launch Applications
Launch any applications you wish to place into FB1 and
configure those applications for the default configurations
Sequencing Wizard – Sequence Package
The virtual environment has been created, and the
application has been placed into the virtual environment
Manually Modifying the Sequencer Package
• You can fine-tune the
wizard settings once the
package is created
• You can add or remove files
from the Virtual File System
• You can edit the Virtual
Registry to remove registry
data that may not pertain to
the application
• You can edit the .osd file
before it is packaged
Post-Sequencing Steps
Save the project to a folder on the Sequencer
• Use the same folder name that was specified in the “Package
Name” text box in the Package Information page
• Transfer files to the Virtual Application Server
Application
Virtualization
Server
Overview of the Dynamic Suite Composition
• Provides the ability to link
applications in separately
sequenced packages
Legacy
Example:
• In previous versions of Application
Virtualization (formerly SoftGrid),
if an application required the
Java runtime, every application
had to have the Java Runtime
Environment (JRE) sequenced
into it
• With Dynamic Suite Composition,
the JRE is sequenced separately,
and every application that
requires it can reference the JRE
package
With DSC
LAB: Sequencing Applications for
Virtualization
• Exercise 1: Sequencing an Application
Online Resources
• Office 2010 – System Requirements:
o
http://technet.microsoft.com/it-it/library/ee624351(en-us,office.14).aspx
• Application Virtualization:
o
o
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http://blogs.technet.com/b/appv/
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc843848.aspx
http://www.microsoft.com/italy/server/windowsserver2008/panoramica/introduzione-amicrosoft-application-virtualization.mspx
• Prescriptive guidance for sequencing Office 2010 in Microsoft
App-V
o
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/983462/en-us
• Office Activation Technologies:
o
http://technet.microsoft.com/volumeactivation
• Office Customization Tool:
o
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc179097.aspx
• Virtualizzare Office 2010 con App-V 4.6
o
http://www.nicolaferrini.it/ita/articoli/Virtualizzare Office 2010 con App-V 4.6.pdf
Virtual Labs
• Application Virtualization
o TechNet Virtual Lab: Learning App-V Basics
o TechNet Virtual Lab: Learning App-V Intermediate Skills
o TechNet Virtual Lab: Learning to Configure App-V for Standalone
Client Mode
o TechNet Virtual Lab Express: Windows 7: Microsoft Application
Virtualization (APP-V)
• Remote Desktop Services
o TechNet Virtual Lab Express: Windows Server 2008 R2: Remote
Desktop Services
Thank You!

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