What is the History of Sexual Education? By: Lia Costa-Pierce History of Sexual Education • 1800s sexual education referred to as "self pollution" was responsible for everything from warts and constipation to insanity and death. • Health reformers in 19th-century America associated bodily discipline with ideal manhood, and used sex-ed manuals to propagate that message. • In 1835 an article in the Boston Medical and Surgical Journal that same year likewise warned that ejaculation "should be made but sparingly," since "sturdy manhood ... loses its energy and bends under too frequent expenditure of this important secretion." What is The History of Sexual Education • rapid urbanization of the late 1800s and early 1900s was accompanied by an increased interest in organized sex ed. • National Education Association first discussed sexual education in 1892 and passed a resolution that called for "moral education in the schools." • 1913, Chicago became the first major city to implement sex ed for high schools What is the History of Sexual Education? • 918, Congress passed The Chamberlain-Kahn Act, which allocated money to educate soldiers about syphilis and gonorrhea. – During this time, Americans began to view sex ed as a public-health issue. • American Hygiene Association, helped teach soldiers about sexual hygiene throughout the war What is the History of Sexual Education? • earliest sex-education film, Damaged Goods, warned soldiers of the consequences of syphilis • During the 1920s, schools began to integrate sex ed into their curriculums Comprehensive Sex Education • Evaluations show that programs help youth delay onset of sexual activity, reduce the frequency of sexual activity and number of sexual partners, and increase condom and contraceptive use • Youth are LESS more likely to become sexually active, increase sexual activity, or experience negative sexual health outcomes Comprehensive Sex Education Versus Abstinence Only Education • Comprehensive sex education increases individuals awareness – 40% individuals delayed sexual initiation & reduced the number of sexual partners, or increased condom or contraceptive use – 30% individuals reduced the frequency of sex, including a return to abstinence – 60% reduced unprotected sex • Abstinence only education shelters individuals – Once abstinent is broken: • more partners in a shorter period of time • less likely to use contraception or condoms Comprehensive Sex Education Versus Abstinence Only Education • comprehensive sex education programs help youth remain healthy and avoid negative sexual health outcomes • NO abstinence-only program has been proven help youth delay sex for a significant period of time, help youth decrease their number of sex partners, or reduce STI or pregnancy rates among teens What Are The Pros And Cons of Sexual Education? What are the Pro’s to Sex ED • Allows students to learn more about the way the body works • Teaches students how to have safe sex • Gives students better general knowledge on how to remain disease free. Why People Support Sex ED • Teachers, doctors, and many other professionals believe sex ed is important because it should be a persons right to understand everything involved with sex before having it. • Teaching students about using contraceptives helps them stay safe and healthy. Why people believe we may not need Sex ED (Statistics) • Between 1995 and 2006–2008, the proportion of teens aged 15–17 who had ever engaged in sexual intercourse declined from 38% to 28%. Among teens aged 18–19, that proportion declined from 68% in 1995 to 60% in 2006–2008 • The pregnancy rate among young women has declined steadily, from 117 pregnancies per 1,000 women aged 15–19 in 1990 to 70 per 1,000 in 2005. What are some Con’s to Sex ED • Teaching and informing students at to young of an age may give them ideas. • Some parents don’t want their children to be informed. Why People don’t support Sex Ed • Many parents believe that teaching there children about sex and the way the body works too early my might them curious and want to experiment earlier on. • Some parents also would rather teach their own kids about Sex ED than have a stranger teach them. Why People Believe we need Sex Ed (Statistics) • • • • • Although only 13% of U.S. teens have ever had sex by age 15, sexual activity is common by the late teen years. By their 19th birthday, seven in 10 teens of both sexes have had intercourse. The United States continues to have one of the highest teen pregnancy rates in the developed world—more than twice as in Canada (27.9 per 1,000 women aged 15–19 in 2006) or Sweden (31.4 per 1,000 Many sexually experienced teens (46% of males and 33% of females) did not receive formal instruction about contraception before they first had sex. Among teens aged 18–19, 41% report that they know little or nothing about condoms and 75% say they know little or nothing about the contraceptive pill The majority (86%) of the decline in the teen pregnancy rate between 1995 and 2002 was the result of dramatic improvements in contraceptive use, including increases in the proportion of teens using a single method of contraception, increases in the proportion using multiple methods simultaneously and substantial declines in nonuse. Just 14% of the decline could be attributed to a decrease in sexually activity What is contraception and should it be taught in schools?! By: Courtney Capello Contraception is…. The intentional prevention of conception by artificial or natural means EXAMPLES: The pill, male and female condoms, and the shot. Should Sex Ed Go into detail about types of contraception?! YES! Although some parents and teachers disagree with this, many feel that children should be aware of what precautions they should take when being sexually active. When it comes down to it, everyone has different views about sexual education in schools however from reviewing opinions many students, teachers, and parents have agreed that sexual education could only help a students decision making for the better. How does the Catholic Church feel about contraception?! The Catholic Church and many other older religions do not believe contraception should be used or taught in schools however over time this has changed for the protection of people’s safety. A FEW TYPES OF CONTRACEPTION INCLUDE: The Pill The pill is something normally taken orally everyday around the same time. It is about the same effectiveness as a condom and there are many different kinds that suit different people. The pill works by releasing hormones that keep ovaries from releasing eggs. Also the pill thickens the mucus found in your ovaries that helps protect against sperm Condoms Male condoms are the most frequently used birth control. They protect against both pregnancy and STI’s. Types of male condoms include Spermicide: lubricated with a chemical that kills sperm. Non- Spermicide: Women and men who are sensitive to spermicide can use spermicide-free condoms; very few side effects Latex: These are the most common condoms used Non-latex: made from polyurethane, other synthetic high tech materials, or natural lambskin. Condoms Con’t.. Female Condoms: A female condom is a pouch you insert into your vagina that also protects against pregnancy and STI’s. Female condoms protect you the most from sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. The Shot The shot contains progestin, a hormone that prevents your ovaries from releasing eggs. It also thickens your cervical mucus, which helps block sperm from getting to the egg. Protects you for a full 3 months!!