powerpoint edc final

What is the History of Sexual
By: Lia Costa-Pierce
History of Sexual Education
• 1800s sexual education referred to as "self pollution"
was responsible for everything from warts and
constipation to insanity and death.
• Health reformers in 19th-century America associated
bodily discipline with ideal manhood, and used sex-ed
manuals to propagate that message.
• In 1835 an article in the Boston Medical and Surgical
Journal that same year likewise warned that
ejaculation "should be made but sparingly," since
"sturdy manhood ... loses its energy and bends under
too frequent expenditure of this important secretion."
What is The History of Sexual
• rapid urbanization of the late 1800s and early
1900s was accompanied by an increased
interest in organized sex ed.
• National Education Association first discussed
sexual education in 1892 and passed a
resolution that called for "moral education in
the schools."
• 1913, Chicago became the first major city to
implement sex ed for high schools
What is the History of Sexual
• 918, Congress passed The Chamberlain-Kahn
Act, which allocated money to educate
soldiers about syphilis and gonorrhea.
– During this time, Americans began to view sex ed
as a public-health issue.
• American Hygiene Association, helped teach
soldiers about sexual hygiene throughout the
What is the History of Sexual
• earliest sex-education film, Damaged Goods,
warned soldiers of the consequences of
• During the 1920s, schools began to integrate
sex ed into their curriculums
Comprehensive Sex Education
• Evaluations show that programs help youth
delay onset of sexual activity, reduce the
frequency of sexual activity and number of
sexual partners, and increase condom and
contraceptive use
• Youth are LESS more likely to become sexually
active, increase sexual activity, or experience
negative sexual health outcomes
Comprehensive Sex Education Versus
Abstinence Only Education
• Comprehensive sex education increases
individuals awareness
– 40% individuals delayed sexual initiation & reduced
the number of sexual partners, or increased condom
or contraceptive use
– 30% individuals reduced the frequency of sex,
including a return to abstinence
– 60% reduced unprotected sex
• Abstinence only education shelters individuals
– Once abstinent is broken:
• more partners in a shorter period of time
• less likely to use contraception or condoms
Comprehensive Sex Education Versus
Abstinence Only Education
• comprehensive sex education programs help
youth remain healthy and avoid negative
sexual health outcomes
• NO abstinence-only program has been proven
help youth delay sex for a significant period of
time, help youth decrease their number of sex
partners, or reduce STI or pregnancy rates
among teens
What Are The Pros And Cons of
Sexual Education?
What are the Pro’s to Sex ED
• Allows students to learn more about the way
the body works
• Teaches students how to have safe sex
• Gives students better general knowledge on
how to remain disease free.
Why People Support Sex ED
• Teachers, doctors, and many other
professionals believe sex ed is important
because it should be a persons right to
understand everything involved with sex
before having it.
• Teaching students about using contraceptives
helps them stay safe and healthy.
Why people believe we may not need
Sex ED
• Between 1995 and 2006–2008, the proportion of teens aged 15–17 who
had ever engaged in sexual intercourse declined from 38% to 28%. Among
teens aged 18–19, that proportion declined from 68% in 1995 to 60% in
• The pregnancy rate among young women has declined steadily, from 117
pregnancies per 1,000 women aged 15–19 in 1990 to 70 per 1,000 in 2005.
What are some Con’s to Sex ED
• Teaching and informing students at to young
of an age may give them ideas.
• Some parents don’t want their children to be
Why People don’t support Sex Ed
• Many parents believe that teaching there
children about sex and the way the body
works too early my might them curious and
want to experiment earlier on.
• Some parents also would rather teach their
own kids about Sex ED than have a stranger
teach them.
Why People Believe we need Sex Ed
Although only 13% of U.S. teens have ever had sex by age 15, sexual activity is
common by the late teen years. By their 19th birthday, seven in 10 teens of
both sexes have had intercourse.
The United States continues to have one of the highest teen pregnancy rates
in the developed world—more than twice as in Canada (27.9 per 1,000
women aged 15–19 in 2006) or Sweden (31.4 per 1,000
Many sexually experienced teens (46% of males and 33% of females) did not
receive formal instruction about contraception before they first had sex.
Among teens aged 18–19, 41% report that they know little or nothing about
condoms and 75% say they know little or nothing about the contraceptive pill
The majority (86%) of the decline in the teen pregnancy rate between 1995
and 2002 was the result of dramatic improvements in contraceptive use,
including increases in the proportion of teens using a single method of
contraception, increases in the proportion using multiple methods
simultaneously and substantial declines in nonuse. Just 14% of the decline
could be attributed to a decrease in sexually activity
What is contraception and
should it be taught in
By: Courtney Capello
Contraception is….
The intentional prevention of
conception by artificial or natural
The pill, male and female condoms,
and the shot.
Should Sex Ed Go into detail about
types of contraception?!
Although some parents and teachers disagree with this,
many feel that children should be aware of what
precautions they should take when being sexually
When it comes down to it, everyone has different views
about sexual education in schools however from
reviewing opinions many students, teachers, and
parents have agreed that sexual education could only
help a students decision making for the better.
How does the Catholic Church feel
about contraception?!
The Catholic Church and many other
older religions do not believe
contraception should be used or taught
in schools however over time this has
changed for the protection of people’s
The Pill
The pill is something normally taken orally
everyday around the same time. It is about the
same effectiveness as a condom and there are
many different kinds that suit different people.
The pill works by releasing hormones that keep
ovaries from releasing eggs.
Also the pill thickens the mucus found in your
ovaries that helps protect against sperm
Male condoms are the most frequently used birth
control. They protect against both pregnancy and STI’s.
Types of male condoms include
Spermicide: lubricated with a chemical that kills sperm.
Non- Spermicide: Women and men who are sensitive to
spermicide can use spermicide-free condoms; very few
side effects
Latex: These are the most common condoms used
Non-latex: made from polyurethane, other synthetic high
tech materials, or natural lambskin.
Condoms Con’t..
Female Condoms: A female condom is a pouch
you insert into your vagina that also protects
against pregnancy and STI’s.
Female condoms protect you the most from
sexually transmitted infections, including HIV.
The Shot
The shot contains progestin, a hormone
that prevents your ovaries from releasing
eggs. It also thickens your cervical mucus,
which helps block sperm from getting to
the egg.
Protects you for a full 3 months!!

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