Japan’s Feudal Age Japanese Feudalism Emerges • Due to a struggle for power within armies-a feudal system in Japan evolved • Just like in medieval Europe-this system was dominated by the warrior aristocracy • The emperor was the head of feudal society-more of a figurehead really. • The real power belonged to the shogun, or supreme military commander. Minamoto Yoritomo • Appointed shogun in 1192 • Set up the Kamakura shogunate – This was the first of 3 military dynasties that would rule Japan for approx. 700 years Feudalism • Under the shoguns were warrior lords, called daimyo. – Shoguns would distribute lands to them and they would supply men when needed. • Under the daimyo were the samurai, meaning “those who serve”. – Their code of values that emphasized honor, bravery, and absolute loyalty to their lord was called bushido. – A true samurai would not fear death – Seppuku-expected of samurai guilty of betrayal; ritual suicide-better to die than to live without honor Social Hierarchy • Noble women trained in military arts • Far below the Samurai lied the peasants, artisans, and merchants – Peasants made up 75% of the population From the book… • Take a moment to copy the “Feudal Society in Japan” diagram on page 327 into your notes. – Copy everything but the pictures. Mongols • The Mongol quest of China and Korea also effected Japan • The Mongols in 1274 under Kublai Khan began threatening Japan. However, a typhoon destroyed their fleet. • Again, in 1281, the Mongols tried to take over and a typhoon wiped them away again. Kamikaze • The Japanese credited a kamikaze, or divine wind, for the miraculous aid the typhoons provided. • They believed they were protected by the gods. • Thus, today there are kamikaze fighter pilots. • Order and Unity The Kamakura eventually crumbled due to Mongol invasions • Tokugawa Ieyasu eventually became the master of Japan and was named a shogun. – Known for his extreme practices and law making. • All the shoguns that followed him wanted to end feudal warfare. • They created a unified, orderly society and put their capital in Edo (modern day Tokyo). They had a strict moral code and followed the bushido. Kabuki • A popular form of theater came about during this time called kabuki. • The actors dressed in elaborate costumes and wore tons of make-up. • They usually performed plays involving tales of honor and betrayal in feudal Japan. Haiku • A popular form of literature was a form of poetry called haiku. • In three lines (5-75) the poet uses words to express a feeling, thought or idea. Assignment for Today! • Write a haiku about Japan’s feudal age. Remember, the first line has 5 syllables, the second line has 7 syllables and the third line has 5 syllables. • When you finish. Write it neatly with marker, and title it.