HOME MANAGEMENT SSS2 MAINTENANCE AND CARE OF HOME • CLEANING EQUIPMENT AND TOOLS • Equipment and materials for house hold maintenance are used for removing dust and dirt from various articles and surface in home. • In order to clean a house, you need cleaning equipment like carpet sweeper, vacuum cleaner and floor polisher. Likewise cleaning tools like brooms, brushes, dusters, mops dust pan etc, would be useful. CLEANING AGENTS AND MATERIALS. Classes of cleaning agents 1. Solvents: e.g. water, grease solvents, like paraffin, turpentine, methylated spirits etc. are used to remove dirt by liquefying it and holding it in suspension 2. Detergents: synthetic detergent and soap for removal of grease and dirt. 3. Abrasive cleaners: e.g. vim, sand paper, brasso for scouring bath, tubs, pots, pans etc. 4. Alkaline cleaner’s e.g. borax, it reduces the amount of rubbing needed for cleaning. 5. Waxes e.g. cream wax, liquid wax etc. for cleaning wooden surfaces 6. Acidic cleaners e.g. vinegar, lemon or lime juice can remove tarnish from copper 7. Polishes are applied to surfaces such as wood to improve appearance HOMEMADE CLEANING AGENTS 1. Fine sand: this can be used for cleaning pots 2. Edo powder: this is yellow in colour. It can be used for cleaning ornaments, such as copper, gold and brass. 3. Grounded charcoal: this can be used for cleaning smooth metal surfaces 4. Paw-paw leaves: fresh paw-paw leaves is used for cleaning dirty galvanized pail and blackened aluminum pans and pots 5. Local sand- paper leaves[ Asisa, Ipin leaves]. They can be used as abrasives for cleaning plain wood surface, blackened pot etc. 6. Home- made “VIM” or scouring powder: it is used for cleaning blackened pots HOMEMADE VIM • Material needed i. Egg shell ii. Broken china ware[ if available] iii. Detergent powder PROCEDURES iv. Dry the egg shells v. Grind the shells and pieces of china ware into very fine powder vi. Sift the mixture to ensure a smooth powder vii. Mix the powder thoroughly with the detergent powder viii.Store in a dry container with a good lid 7. Whitening: it is made by mixing fine sand with synthetic detergent or soap powder. It is useful for scouring pots and pans PROJECT • Prepare a homemade “vim” or scouring powder and pour it in well fitting lid.