cleen foundation*s national crime and safety survey, 2012

Report
NATIONAL CRIME AND SAFETY
SURVEY: SUMMARY REPORT 2012
RESEARCH DESIGN
• The aim of the survey was to obtain information regarding
Nigerians views on the extent, trend and patterns of
criminal victimization in the country.
• The study was conducted in the 36 states of Nigeria and
Abuja between April and May 2012.
• The total sample size is 11,518 respondents comprising 50%
male and 50% female of 18 years and above.
• The methodology used in the data collection was the inhome, face to face personal interviews, using a stratified
multi-stage random selection procedure in order to achieve
a national representative sample.
• The field interviews were conducted by Practical Sampling
International, a reputable social research company based in
Lagos.
OSUN
KWARA
BAYELSA
KEBBI
KADUNA
40%
44%
45%
47%
70%
67%
60%
61%
56%
72%
73%
75%
75%
76%
77%
70%
63%
59%
60
FCT
BENUE
RIVERS
ANAMBRA
LAGOS
AKWA-IBOM
ADAMAWA
EDO
KATSINA
NATIONAL
BORNO
DELTA
PLATEAU
92%
92%
89%
89%
89%
90%
85%
80%
94%
94%
96%
93%
86%
81%
98%
97%
90%
84%
77%
80
KANO
NASARAWA
IMO
ENUGU
KOGI
CROSS- RIVER
SOKOTO
BAUCHI
ABIA
NIGER
EBONYI
ZAMFARA
OGUN
YOBE
JIGAWA
EKITI
GOMBE
0
OYO
20
ONDO
99%
100
TARABA
%
Fear of Crime
120
40
With a national average of 75%, fear of crime of being a victim of crime has
become pervasive in Nigeria with severe impact on quality of life.
Analysis of Fear of Crime
Fear of Crime by Urbanity
Fear of crime by Gender
76%
76%
76%
76%
76%
75%
76%
Female
75%
Male
75%
75%
75%
75%
75%
74%
Urban
Trends in fear of crime
86%
75%
72%
YEAR 2010
YEAR 2011
YEAR 2012
Rural
Nearly one out of every three Nigerians is a victim of crime. Most affected states are Kebbi,
6%
7%
7%
9%
10%
11%
11%
13%
16%
18%
20%
21%
21%
21%
23%
26%
27%
29%
30%
31%
32%
32%
33%
37%
40%
44%
47%
51%
52%
53%
59%
62%
70%
77%
82%
96%
95%
55%
%
Experience of Crime
Analysis of experience of crime
Experience of crime by gender
Experience of crime by
urbanity
34%
29%
Urban
50%
Rural
47%
Trends in crime
24%
YEAR 2010
YEAR 2011
31%
YEAR 2012
50%
Male
Female
NATURE OF CRIMINAL VICTIMIZATION
0
30
20
10
0
25%
24%
24%
22%
21%
21%
21%
18%
17%
15%
14%
14%
13%
13%
13%
13%
12%
12%
12%
12%
12%
10%
9%
9%
7%
7%
6%
6%
4%
4%
2%
40
47%
50
63%
70
38%
33%
32.65306122
31%
%
Robbery by State
60
Analysis of Robbery
Experience of robbery by gender
WHERE ROBBERY OCCURS MOST
47%
18%
24%
20%
9%
17%
Male
Female
HOME
NEAR HOME
Trends in Robbery
17%
13%
11%
YEAR 2010
YEAR 2011
YEAR 2012
ELSEWHERE
AT WORK
PLACE/ SCHOOL
Armed violence other than robbery
14
12%
12
10
8
7%
6
5%
5%
4%
4
3%
2
1%
0
SOUTH SOUTH
NORTH EAST
NATIONAL
NORTH WEST
SOUTH EAST
NORTH CENTRAL
SOUTH WEST
Rape/Attempted Rape
6
5%
5%
5
4%
4%
4
3%
3
2%
2
1%
1
0
SOUTH SOUTH
NORTH EAST
NORTH CENTRAL
NORTH WEST
NATIONAL
SOUTH EAST
SOUTH WEST
Analysis of Rape
Where rape is mot likely to occur
71%
26%
Home/Near home
At work
3%
Elswhere
Trends in Rape/Attempted Rape
4%
3%
3%
YEAR 2010
YEAR 2011
YEAR 2012
ADAMAWA
KADUNA
OSUN
YOBE
BAUCHI
ONDO
KATSINA
KANO
OYO
FCT
GOMBE
TARABA
PLATEAU
AKWA-IBOM
NASARAWA
ABIA
JIGAWA
EKITI
BORNO
ANAMBRA
IMO
OGUN
KWARA
SOKOTO
NATIONAL
KOGI
LAGOS
ENUGU
BAYELSA
ZAMFARA
RIVERS
0
10
CROSS- RIVER
20
DELTA
30
BENUE
40
EBONYI
50
61%
55%
53%
47%
44%
43%
43%
42%
39%
38%
36%
35%
32%
32%
32%
27%
26%
23%
23%
23%
23%
22%
20%
19%
18%
18%
15%
14%
14%
12%
12%
10%
9%
7%
7%
60
EDO
NIGER
70
74%
68%
80
KEBBI
%
Physical Assault by State
0
Murder/Attempted Murder
Murder
33% WHERE MURDER IS MOST LIKELY TO OCCUR
30%
27%
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
98%
10%
NEAR HOME
2%
Yes
HOME
ELSEWHERE
No
6.8%
ATTEMPTED MURDER BY REGION
4.7%
2.8%
2.3%
1.4%
1.2%
.3%
NORTH EAST
SOUTH SOUTH
NATIONAL
NORTH WEST
NORTH
CENTRAL
SOUTH WEST
SOUTH EAST
AT WORK
PLACE/
SCHOOL
Kidnapping/Attempted Kidnapping
4
4%
4
3%
3
3
2%
2%
2%
2
2%
2
1
1%
1
0
SOUTH SOUTH SOUTH EAST
NATIONAL
NORTH WEST
NORTH
CENTRAL
SOUTH WEST NORTH EAST
Trends in Kidnapping/Attempted
4%
3%
3%
3%
2%
2%
2%
2%
1%
1%
0%
YEAR 2010
YEAR 2011
YEAR 2012
Domestic Violence
45
42%
40
36%
35
31%
30
25
27%
22%
27%
23%
20
15
10
5
0
NORTH EAST NORTH WEST SOUTH SOUTH
NORTH
CENTRAL
NATIONAL
SOUTH EAST SOUTH WEST
Trends in Domestic Violence
31%
21%
17%
Year 2010
Year 2011
Year 2012
Theft of Car
9
8%
8
7
6
5
4%
4
4%
3%
3
2
3%
2%
1%
1
0
NORTH WEST
NATIONAL
SOUTH
SOUTH
NORTH
CENTRAL
NORTH EAST SOUTH WEST SOUTH EAST
70
60
50
40
0
71%
69%
65%
62%
59%
58%
54%
54%
51%
51%
51%
50%
50%
50%
50%
49%
48%
47%
47%
47%
47%
46.05263158
46%
45.34883721
43%
42%
41%
41%
40%
38%
36%
36%
36%
36%
35%
34%
33%
33%
80
EDO
PLATE…
KEBBI
DELTA
KWARA
NIGER
KADUNA
CROSS-…
BAUCHI
OGUN
ONDO
BORNO
EBONYI
EKITI
SOKOTO
ABIA
KATSINA
NATIO…
GOMBE
ADAM…
BENUE
BAYELSA
KANO
IMO
KOGI
RIVERS
OYO
TARABA
AKWA-…
FCT
YOBE
ANAM…
JIGAWA
OSUN
ZAMFA…
LAGOS
NASAR…
ENUGU
%
Theft of Mobile Phone
30
20
10
Trends in Theft of Mobile
50%
47%
24%
YEAR 2010
YEAR 2011
YEAR 2012
REPORTING OF CRIME/SATISFACTION WITH
POLICE HANDLING OF CRIMES
EKITI
4 of every 5 Nigerians do not report their experience of criminal victimization to the
police
SOKOTO
OYO
NASARAWA
KADUNA
PLATEAU
NIGER
ABIA
RIVERS
ANAMBRA
ADAMAWA
BAYELSA
ENUGU
TARABA
LAGOS
AKWA-IBOM
KANO
IMO
EBONYI
JIGAWA
KWARA
OGUN
NATIONAL
KOGI
OSUN
KATSINA
BAUCHI
EDO
ONDO
BORNO
GOMBE
KEBBI
FCT
DELTA
10
CROSS- RIVER
20
ZAMFARA
30
43%
41%
38%
38%
36%
36%
32%
32%
30%
27%
26%
25%
24%
23%
22%
21%
20%
20%
20%
19%
17%
17%
15%
15%
14%
13%
13%
12%
11%
11%
10%
9%
9%
8%
7%
6%
6%
40
BENUE
YOBE
%
50%
Reporting of Crime to the Police
60
50
0
Trends in Reporting on Crime
23%
25%
21%
20%
16%
15%
10%
5%
0%
YEAR 2010
YEAR 2011
YEAR 2012
Satisfaction with Police Handling of reported cases
48%
50
45
39%
40
35
30
25
14%
20
15
10
5
0
SATISFIED
NOT SATISFIESD
NEITHER
Reasons for dissatisfaction with handling of reported
cases
70
66%
60
50
40
30
17%
20
10
12%
5%
0
POLICE INSENSITIVITY
INADEQUATE FEEDBACK
POLICE CORRUPTION
POLICE INEFFECTIVENESS
Responding to Terrorism
Satisfaction with handling of Terrorism by
security agencies
60
54%
50
40
31%
30
20
13%
10
2%
0
DISSATISFIED
SATISFIED
NEITHER
DON'T KNOW
Satisfaction with government Handling of
Terrorism
56%
30%
12%
2%
Dissatisfied
Satisfied
Neither
Don't know/refused
What should the government do to solve the problem
of terrorism
35
33%
31%
30
25
19%
20
15%
15
10
5
2%
0
Dialogue
Strenghtening
capacity of
security agencies
Use of force
Use of force and
dialogue
Others
ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL CRIMES
50
40
30
20
10
0
45%
43%
42%
39%
37%
34%
34%
33%
32%
29%
28%
28%
28%
27%
26%
25%
24%
23%
22%
22%
21%
18%
18%
17%
17%
16%
16%
16%
15%
15%
13%
12%
12%
10%
10%
9%
%
50%
61%
Demand for Bribery by Government Officials
70
60
Likelihood of paying Bribe to obtain services from law
enforcement agencies
80
76%
66%
70
65%
60
52%
51%
50
49%
47%
40
30
20
10
0
POLICE
IMMIGRATION
CUSTOM
PRISON OFFICIALS
ROAD SAFETY
OFFICIALS
EFCC
SSS
Constraints Against Anticorruption Agencies
45
40%
40
35
30
28%
25
21%
20
15
11%
10
5
0
GOV. INSINCERITY
FUNDING/FACILITIES
AGENCY CORRUPT
WEAK/CORRUPT JUDICIARY
ACCESS TO GUN
Ownership of Gun in Nigeria
5
5%
4.5
4
3%
3.5
3%
2%
3
2%
2.5
1%
2
1.5
1.085141903
1
0.5
0
NORTH EAST
SOUTH WEST
NATIONAL
SOUTH SOUTH
NORTH WEST NORTH CENTRAL
SOUTH EAST
Reasons for ownership of gun
PERSONAL PROTECTION
50%
HUNTING
39%
PROTECTION OF PROPERTY
PROTECTION FROM WIELD…
FEAR OF FUTURE CONFLICT
PART OF WORK EQUIPMENT
PROTECTION OF VILLAGE
VALUED FAMILY POSSESSION
PROTECTION AT WORK
DON'T KNOW
PART OF TRADITION
25%
19%
18%
16%
15%
13%
11%
10%
7%
ROAD SAFETY AND ACCIDENT
FCT
YOBE
5%
5%
4%
4%
LAGOS
KATSINA
KEBBI
5%
SOKOTO
AKWA-IBOM
6%
7%
7%
ANAMBRA
EKITI
7%
8%
TARABA
OYO
8%
NIGER
ABIA
9%
8%
KANO
9%
IMO
KWARA
9%
DELTA
EDO
10%
10%
ZAMFARA
12%
12%
RIVERS
BAUCHI
10%
12%
JIGAWA
OSUN
12%
OGUN
11%
13%
13%
PLATEAU
13%
16%
NASARAWA
NATIONAL
18%
19%
17%
ADAMAWA
KADUNA
ONDO
GOMBE
22%
23%
CROSS- RIVER
BENUE
24%
23%
ENUGU
24%
BORNO
BAYELSA
24%
27%
KOGI
EBONYI
%
39%
Road Accidents by State
Seriousness of road Accidents
13%
45%
42%
Serious (body injury/damage
of vehicle)
Not serious
Fatal
Types of vehicles involved in road accidents
Others
Cars
4%
3%
Mini Vans/SUV
4%
Commercial Luxury buses
4%
Trucks
Private buses
Commercial buses
Commercial Motobikes (Okada)
5%
6%
31%
42%
Where Road accidents occur Most
29%
36%
AFTERNOON
EVENING/NIGHT
MORNING
35%
KATSINA
SOKOTO
5%
4%
4%
5
TARABA
BAUCHI
ADAMAWA
JIGAWA
8%
8%
7%
7%
10
KANO
KADUNA
KWARA
ABIA
NASARAWA
KEBBI
AKWA-IBOM
ZAMFARA
NIGER
PLATEAU
ANAMBRA
GOMBE
OYO
BENUE
KOGI
NATIONAL
IMO
ENUGU
BORNO
EKITI
OGUN
LAGOS
RIVERS
EDO
ONDO
EBONYI
YOBE
OSUN
BAYELSA
15
CROSS- RIVER
20
26%
23%
23%
20%
20%
19%
19%
18%
18%
18%
17%
17%
16%
16%
14%
14%
14%
13%
13%
13%
13%
13%
13%
13%
12%
12%
11%
11%
10%
10%
25
DELTA
30%
30
FCT
%
Motorists that have drivers’ license by state
35
0
Motorists behaviours while driving
GET INVOLVED IN UNOFFICIAL RACES WITH OTHER DRIVERS
75%
24%
FAIL TO CHECK YOUR REAR VIEW OR SIDE MIRROR BEFORE
PULLING OUT OR CHANGING LANES
75%
25%
UNDERESTIMATE THE SPEED OF AN ONCOMING VEHICLE
WHENN OVERTAKING
73%
FIND YOURSELF HAVING AN AVERSION TO A PARTICULAR
CLASS OF ROAD USER, AND THEN INDICATE YOUR…
71%
29%
DRIVE AFTER DRINKING MORE THAN ONE BOTTLE OF BEER
OR ONE TORT (SHOT) OF HOT DRINK
70%
30%
DRIVE ON THE WRONG SIDE OF THE ROAD
67%
27%
NEVER
GET ANGERED BY ANOTHER DRIVER'S BEHAVIOUR, AND
GIVE CHASE WITH THE INTENTION OF GIVING HIM/ HER A…
33%
64%
36%
STOP FOR PEDESTRIANS TO CROSS WHEN DRIVING ON THE
STREETS
63%
37%
DRIVE VERY CLOSE TO THE CAR IN FRONT AS A SIGNAL FOR
ITS DRIVER TO GO FASTER OR GET OUT OF THE WAY
62%
38%
BECOME IMPATIENT WITH SLOWER DRIVERS ON THE
OUTER LANE AND OVERTAKE THEM FROM THE RIGHT SIDE
39%
RUN TRAFFIC LIGHT WHILE DRIVING
65%
0%
62%
35%
10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%
SOMETIMES/ALWAYS
80
70
60
50
45
90
94
91
88
87
86
85
83
81
81
81
80
80
79
78
76
76
74
74
74
74
73
72
71
71
70
70
70
69
69
68
67
62
62
61
59
54
51
100
KATSINA
TARABA
NIGER
ONDO
SOKOTO
BAUCHI
AKWA-IBOM
ADAMAWA
NASARAWA
RIVERS
JIGAWA
KEBBI
KWARA
ANAMBRA
BENUE
ENUGU
KADUNA
NATIONAL
KOGI
OGUN
KANO
IMO
EKITI
ZAMFARA
DELTA
LAGOS
OSUN
BORNO
CROSS- RIVER
PLATEAU
OYO
EDO
FCT
ABIA
GOMBE
EBONYI
YOBE
BAYELSA
%
Perception of Safety on Nigerian Roads
40
30
20
10
0
Priority Areas for Government’s Attention
CRIME CONTROL
ROAD CONSTRUCTION/MAINTENANCE
RESPONSIVENESS TO PUBLIC OPINION
CONTROLLING TERRIRISM
IMPROVEMENT OF HEALTH FACILITIES
PAYMENT OF SALARIES OF CIVIL SERVANTS
IMPROVEMENT OF PUBLIC SCHOOL
CONSTRUCTION OD DRAINAGES
ENVIROMENTAL BEAUTIFICATION
EMPLOYMENT
CHECKING THE ACTIVITIES OF TOUTS/ AREA BOYS
TRAFFIC CONTROL
REFUSE DISPOSAL
STABLE ELECTRICITY
CHECKING EXTORTION BY LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION/ SANITATION
CHECKING MENACE OF OKADA RIDERS
TRAFFICK DECONGESTION
WATER
19%
14%
11%
11%
7%
7%
6%
4%
4%
3%
2%
2%
2%
2%
1%
1%
1%
1%
1%
Thank You!

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