Activity 9_2 - Transcending Global boundaries(1

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Transcending Global Boundaries
The students of classes IX and X after doing
extensive research prepared PowerPoint
presentation on countries like Afghanistan,
Australia, Egypt, Germany, Iraq, Japan and
United States of America. They not only
enhanced their research skills but also learnt to
appreciate diversity of cultures. Here are some
of the glimpses of their collaborative efforts.
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The culture of Afghanistan has been around for
over two millenniums, tracing record to at least
the time of the Achaemenid Empire in 500 BCE.
The Afghans have always
celebrated their festivals
enthusiasm. Nauroz is the
largest and best known
festival of Afghanistan.
Jeshyn-Afghan Day, a
national day, is observed
on 19th August.
AFGHAN Cuisine
Afghan cuisine is largely based upon the nation's chief
crops; cereals like wheat, maize, barley. Accompanying
these staples are dairy products various nuts, and native
vegetables, as well as fresh and dried fruits; Afghanistan is
well known for its grapes. Afghanistan's culinary specialties
reflect its ethnic and geographic diversity.
Cotton and wool are the main material used in Afghanistan.
Women wear the Chadri, which covers a women from head
to foot. The men wear a thigh-length, long-sleeved shirt
which is belted at the waist with a skirt effect to the lower
Afghan dance styles can be classified according to ethnic and
geographic divisions. Attan is a traditional Afghan dance. It is
said to be one of the oldest forms of Afghan Pagan dance.
 Afghanistan contains striking architectural remnants of
all ages, including Greek and Buddhist stupas and
monasteries, arches, monuments, intricate Islamic
minarets temples and forts. Among the most famous
sites are the great mosques of Herat and Mazar-e Sharif.
 The official religion in Afghanistan is Islam, which is
practiced by over 99% of its citizens. Sunni Islam makes
up 80-89% of the total population while the remaining
10-19% are Shi'as and about 1% or less practice other
Australian Government
There are three ‘arms’ of the Australian Government:
• The Legislature
• The Executive
• The Judiciary
 Four main political parties :
"Australian Labour Party”
"Liberal Party of Australia”
"National Party of Australia“
"Australian Greens".
Hon John Hogg
President of Australia:
Egyptian is the oldest known indigenous language of Egypt and a branch of
the Afro-asiatic language family. Written records of the Egyptian language have
been dated from about 3400 BC, making it one of the oldest recorded languages
known, outside of Sumerian. Egyptian was spoken until the late 17th century AD
in the form of Coptic.
The national language of modern-day Egypt is Egyptian Arabic, which gradually
replaced Coptic as the language of daily life in the centuries after the Muslim
conquest of Egypt.
Germany , officially the Federal
republic in west-central Europe. The
country consists of 16 states, and its
capital and largest city is Berlin.
Germany covers an area of 357,021
square kilometres (137,847 sq mi) and
has a largely temperate seasonal
climate. With 81.8 million inhabitants,
it is the most populous member state in
the European Union. It is one of the
major political powers of the European
continent and a technological leader in
many fields.
Adolf Hitler , 20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was
an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the
National Socialist German Workers
Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche
Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP), commonly referred to as the Nazi
Party). He was chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945
and dictator of Nazi Germany (as Führer und Reichskanzler)
from 1934 to 1945. Hitler was at the centre of the founding
of Nazism, the start of World War II, and the Holocaust.
The Weimar Republic is the name given by historians to
the federal republic and parliamentary representative
democracy established in 1919 in Germany to replace
the imperial form of government. It was named
after Weimar, the city where the constitutional
assembly took place. Its official name was the
German Reich (Deutsches Reich).
Language : German is the official and predominant spoken language in
Germany. It is one of 23 official languages in the European Union, and
one of the three working languages of the European Commission, along
with English and French. Recognised native minority languages in
Germany are Danish, Sorbian, Romany, and Frisian. The most used
immigrant languages are Turkish, Kurdish, Polish, the Balkan
languages, and Russian.
Religion : 64.1 percent of the German population belongs to Christian
denominations. 31.4 percent areRoman Catholic, and 32.7 percent are
affiliated with Protestantism. Nowadays there is a non-religious
majority in Hamburg and the East Germany. Only a few thousand
people of Jewish origin remained in Germany after the Holocaust, but
the German Jewish community now has approximately 100,000
members, many from the former Soviet Union. Germany also has a
substantial Muslimminority, most of whom are from Turkey.
Food: Pork, beef, and poultry are the main varieties of meat consumed
in Germany, with pork being the most popular. Throughout all regions,
meat is often eaten in sausage form. Organic food has gained a market
share of around 3.0%, and is predicted to increase further. Breakfast is
usually a selection of breads and rolls with jam and honey or cold meats
and cheese, sometimes accompanied by a boiled egg. More than 300
types of bread are sold in bakery shops across the country.
Dress : Traditional german dresses include Dirndl, Tracht,
Lederhosen and Gamsbart. Lederhosen, which means "leather
trousers" in German, are the short, leather pants worn by men. These
are usually knee-length and are the historically worn by workingclass German men. The dirndl is a ruffled apron dress worn by that
consists of a bodice, or blouse, and a skirt.
Art and Craft: Germany has been famous for its arts and crafts
the world over for centuries. The history of arts an crafts in
Germany is a glorious chapter of the larger history of European
High Culture.
Music and Dance: Music is the life and blood of Germany.
Most of the famous musicians and composers, over the ages have
been from Germany. The German musical legacy holds the tunes of
Ludwig van Beethoven, Johann Sebastian Bach, Franz Schubert,
Johannes Brahms, Richard Wagner and many more.
Dance is very popular in Germany and is entrenched in German
culture from the very beginning. With more than two hundred and
fifty ballet companies and over sixteen hundred dancers employed by
Architecture: The architecture of Germany has a long, rich and
diverse history. It is characterized by a high degree of regional
diversity, caused by centuries of fragmentation of Germany into
principalities and kingdoms. This makes Germany today a rich
historical heritage site.
Iraq is a country in Western Asia spanning most of the north western end of
the Zagros mountain range, the eastern part of the Syrian Desert and the
northern part of the Arabian Desert.
The country borders Syria to the northwest, Turkey to the north, Iran to the
east, Jordan to the southwest and Kuwait and Saudi Arabia to the south.
Two major rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates, run through the centre of Iraq,
flowing from northwest to southeast.
The official language of Iraq is Arabic. Many other languages are spoken by a
variety of ethnic groups, most notably Kurdish. “Iraqi Arabic” (also known as
Mesopotamian Arabic [Mesopotamian Qeltu Arabic, Mesopotamian Gelet
Arabic, Baghdadi Arabic, Furati, Arabi, North Syrian Arabic) is a variety of
Arabic spoken in the Mesopotamian basin of Iraq .
The majority of Iraqis are Muslims regardless of
ethnicity. Its position in Iraq went through a transition
during Saddam Hussein’s regime as the state moved from
a secular one to one needing Islam to prop up their
actions. At this stage the words “Allahu Akbar” (Allah is
the Greatest) was added to the flag. During Saddam’s
regime only Sunnis held real power.
 Japan consists of several thousands of islands,
Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku are the four largest
 Japan's area is comparable to that of Germany or California. Japan's
northernmost islands are located on a similar geographical latitude as Milan
or Portland, while her southernmost islands are on a similar latitude as the
 The winter is mild and the summer is hot and humid. There is a rainy
season in early summer, and typhoons hit parts of the country every year
during late summer.
 The population of Japan is about 125,000,000, including approximately
two million foreign residents. More than half of the non Japanese
population is of Korean descent.
 Japanese art covers a wide range of art styles and media,
including ancient pottery, sculpture in wood and bronze, ink
painting on silk and paper and more recently manga, cartoon,
along with a myriad of other types of works of art.
 There are two types of Japanese traditional dance: Odori, which
originated in the Edo period, and Mai, which originated in the western part
of Japan. Odori grew out of Kabuki drama and is more oriented toward
male sentiments. Mai is traditionally performed in Japanese rooms instead
of on the stage
People of Japan
People of JAPAN are the most hard working people in the
whole world.
The people of JAPAN speak Japanese.
Worldwide, approximately 130 million people are of
Japanese descent; of these, approximately 127 million are
residents of JAPAN.
Japanese architecture has traditionally been typified by wooden
structures, elevated slightly off the ground, with tiled or thatched
roofs. Sliding doors are used in place of walls.
Influence from Han Dynasty China via Korea saw the introduction of
more complex grain stores and ceremonial burial chambers.
•Their traditional dress is ‘Kimono’.
•Now a days western clothing is worn more often in day to day
•Although western-style dress is becoming more popular for the
work place, schools, and streets it is still not worn by everybody.
•Japanese kimonos are wrapped around the body, sometimes in
several layers, and are secured in place by sashes with a wide obi
to complete the human parcel.
•Japanese cuisine offers a great variety of dishes and regional
•Rice is one of the most popular dish which is eaten in Japan.
•Some of the important dishes are as follows:•Rice Bowl
•Fried Rice
•Kare Raisu
Japanese is an agglutinative
language and a mora - timed
language. It has a relatively small
sound inventory, and a lexically
significant pitch-accent system. It
is distinguished by a complex
system of honorifics reflecting the
nature of Japanese society, with
vocabulary to indicate the relative
status of the speaker, the listener,
and persons mentioned in
conversation. Japanese vowels
are pure.
Most Japanese people do not exclusively identify themselves
as adherents of a single religion; rather, they incorporate
elements of various religions in a syncretic fashion known as
Shinbutsu shūgō
Japan enjoys full religious freedom and
minority religions such as Christianity, Islam,
Hinduism and Sikhism are practiced
The music of Japan includes a wide array of performers in distinct styles both traditional and
modern. The word for music in Japanese is 音楽 (ongaku), combining the kanji 音 ("on"
sound) with the kanji 楽 ("gaku" music). Japan is the largest music market in the world, with a
total retail value of 4,096.7 million dollars and most of the market is dominated by Japanese
The land area of the contiguous United States is
2,959,064 square miles (7,663,941 km2). Alaska,
separated from the contiguous United States by Canada,
is the largest state at 663,268 square miles (1,717,856
 Hawaii, occupying an archipelago in the central Pacific,
southwest of North America, is 10,931 square miles
The United States is the world's third or fourth largest
nation by total area (land and water), ranking behind
Russia and Canada and just above or below China .
The ranking varies depending on how two territories
disputed by China and India are counted and how the
total size of the United States is measured:
calculations range from 3,676,486 square miles
(9,522,055 km2) to 3,717,813 square miles (9,629,091
km2) to 3,794,101 square miles (9,826,676 km2).
Including only land area, the United States is third in size
behind Russia and China, just ahead of Canada.
 The indigenous peoples of the U.S. mainland, including Alaska
Natives, are believed to have migrated from Asia, beginning
between 40,000 and 12,000 years ago.
In 1492 while under contract to Spanish crown, Christopher
Columbus discovered several Caribbean islands and making first
contact with the indigenous people.
On April 2, 1513, Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de
León landed on what he called "La Florida"—the first documented
European arrival on what would become the U.S. mainland.
Spanish settlements in the region were followed by ones in the
present-day southwestern United States that drew thousands
through Mexico. French fur traders established outposts of New
France around the Great Lakes; France eventually claimed much
of the North American interior, down to the Gulf of Mexico.
The United States is a federal union of fifty states. The original
thirteen states were the successors of the thirteen colonies that
rebelled against British rule.
The United States is officially a secular nation;
the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution
guarantees the free exercise of religion and
forbids the establishment of any religious
Baseball has been regarded as the National sport since the
late 19th century, while American football is now the most
popular spectator sport.
Basketball and ice hockey are the country's next two leading
professional team sports.
Boxing, soccer are played widely at the youth and amateur
levels. Tennis and many outdoor sports are popular as well

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