Society in the Tokugawa Shogunate Jared Peet Objectives • Use the language of comparison and contrast to note similarities and differences between feudal Europe and Japan. • Identify the key people and events associated with the rise of the Tokugawa Shogunate Essential Question • How were the feudal societies of Europe and Japan similar and different? Let’s Quantify Some Knowledge! 20 minutes End Japan Before 1600 • Warring States Period – Mid 1400s – 1600 • Battles between daimyos (local warlords) • No one power was in control Rise of the Tokugawa Shogunate • 1600, Tokugawa Ieyasu defeats rivals at Battle of Sekigahara • Made Shogun – military commander, ruled over all of Japan • Emperor lost all power; figurehead Tokugawa Ieyasu Tokugawa Shogunate • 1600–1867: relative peace • Created a rigid class system to govern people (dress, behavior) • Moved capital from Kyoto to Edo (Tokyo) • Closed borders to almost all trade and foreign interaction Edo Castle Check for Understanding • What was life like in Japan before the Tokugawa Shogunate? • Describe TWO changes to life in Japan during the Tokugawa Shogunate? Feudalism • a system for structuring society around relationships derived from the holding of land in exchange for service or labor. Let’s Compare and Contrast! Feudal Japan Emperor Feudal Europe Shogun Pope King Daimyo Duke Greater Samurai Lord Samurai Knight What came next? • In a land-based, agricultural economy, who came after the samurai? – Artisans? – Farmers? – Merchants? Let’s Organize Our Thoughts! • Use your NOTES and your CHEAT SHEET • Organize your similarities and differences on your graphic organizer. • DO NOT fill out the sentences at the bottom. How to Compare and Contrast • Don’t just list items in two separate paragraphs • Use the terms “similar” and “different” • Mention both Japan and Europe in SAME SENTENCE. – Bad: Japan was a feudal society. They had samurai, who were warriors that supported land-holding lords. They had a code of honor called Bushido. Europe was a feudal society too. They had knights, who were warriors that supported land-holding lords. They had a code of honor called chivalry. – Good: Both Europe and Japan had feudal societies. Their societies were similar because both had warriors who lived by an honor code. In Europe, the warriors were called knights while in Japan they were called samurai. Knights lived through chivalry and samurai lived through bushido. How to Compare and Contrast • When switching from similarities to differences, use “on the one hand,” “on the other hand.” • Bad: On the one hand, Europe and Japan both had feudal lords who lived in castles. On the other hand, they both had a warrior class. • Good: On the one hand, Feudal Europe and Japan were similar because they both had feudal lords who lived in castles. But on the other hand, Feudal Europe and Japan were different because chivalry made women look weak in Europe while Japanese bushido asked women to be stong. Let’s make some awesome compare and contrast statements!