EARTHQUAKES AND VOLCANOES LITERATURE FOCUS UNIT EDU 315 BY: JOSHUA SMITH Literature Selection • • • • • • • • • • • • Earthquakes and Other Natural Disasters by Harriet Griffey Earthquakes by Franklyn M. Branley Earthquakes: All Aboard Science Reader Station Stop 2 Eyewitness Volcano by Susanna van Rose Forces of Nature: The Awesome Power of Volcanoes, Earthquakes, and Tornados by Catherine O'Neill Grace Time for Kids: Earthquakes! by Editors Of Time For Kids Tsunamis by Chana Stiefel Volcanoes and Earthquakes by Ken Rubin Volcanoes and Other Natural Disasters by Harriet Griffey Volcanoes! by Anne Schreiber Volcanoes: Mountains That Blow Their Tops by Nicholas Nirgiotis Voyage to The Volcano (Magic School Bus Chapter Books Series #15) Theme/ Focus Study • Students will take part in a thematic unit on the earthquakes and volcanoes. This unit will integrate language arts, social studies, science, mathematics, art, music, and physical education. • Students will develop an understanding of how earthquakes and volcanoes form. Language Arts: Reading Activities • Students will read some books from literature section. • Teacher will read aloud from Volcanoes and Earthquakes by Ken Rubin. • Students will read their earthquake and volcano poems. • Students will read entries from their journal about the effects that earthquakes and volcanoes have towards people. Language Arts: Writing Activities • Students will write and illustrate a story about a volcano and earthquake. • Students will write a poem about a volcano or earthquake. • Students will write in their journals as they read their book from the literature section. • Students will add volcano and earthquakes to the word wall. Language Arts: Speaking Activities • Students will discuss what they like or dislike about earthquakes. • Students will be in small groups discussing what they have learned about earthquakes. • Students will read their poems aloud to the class. • Students will share their journals or stories with their peers. • Students will join in a grand conversation on what they like or dislike about volcanoes and earthquakes. • Students will be a part of a readers theater. Language Arts: Listening Activities • Students will listen to their peers during grand conversations. • Students will listen to a guest speaker who will talk about a volcano or earthquake. • Students will listen to a recording of a story about an earthquake or volcano. • Students will listen to the teacher discuss the aspects of earthquakes. Language Arts: Viewing Activities • Students will view short videos about earthquakes. • Students will view pictures of earthquakes and volcanoes. • Students will view volcano or earthquake paintings from a museum. • Students will view volcano and earthquake videos. • Students will view the Reader’s theatre performance. • Students will view the Volcano and earthquake word wall. Language Arts: Visually Representing Activities • Students will make a model of a volcano. • Students will make a Volcano / earthquake word wall. • Students will make artwork of volcanoes and earthquakes. • Students will display their poems on a poem wall. Science Activities • Students will study what happens to volcanoes and earthquakes while they are forming. • Students will make an earthquake and volcano experiment. • Students will learn the caused of earthquakes determined through a model. • Students will demonstrate lave flow during a volcanic eruption project. • Students will use past statics to try to predict an earthquake. • Students will recreate a tsunami through a model. Mathematics Activities • Students will use past statics to try to predict an earthquake. • Students will add/subtract how many years/months between earthquakes or volcanoes in certain areas. • Students will graph the top ten earthquakes. Social Studies Activities • Students will identify areas in the world that receives earthquakes, and volcanoes. • Students will learn about the earthquake/volcano drills the different cultures use. • Students will learn about each culture that lives in the earthquake/ volcano zones. • Students will watch a video about Hawaii and how volcanoes formed the islands. • Students will learn where the tropic of cancer is and why it is an important area. Music and Art Activities • Students will make a song about earthquakes. • Students will listen to earthquake/volcano songs. • Students will make sounds that resemble an earthquake and earthquake. • Students will make paper earthquakes • Students will make a model of a volcano and earthquake. • Students will paint a scenery of an active or nonactive volcano. Physical Education Activities • Students will have volcano drills. The chasers can be the volcano and the other students can run from the chasers. • Students will move around like they are in an earthquake. • Students will display jumping, sliding, and running skills. Technology • http://www.abc.net.au/news/events/japan-quake2011/beforeafter.htm • http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/player/environment/en vironment-natural-disasters/volcanoes/volcano-lava.html • http://www.myteacherpages.com/webpages/MrsThonus/science.cf m?subpage=347541 • http://www.fema.gov/kids/lavamap.htm • earthquake.usgs.gov/learn/kids/ • Audio tapes of volcano and earthquakes • www.weatherwizkids.com/weather-earthquake.htm • www.historyforkids.org/scienceforkids/geology/earthquakes Language Arts Strategies • Brainstorming: Students will think of any ideas related to the topic. • Identify big ideas: Students pick out the most important idea. • Predicting: Students anticipate events. • Revising: Students make changes or a new version. Language Arts Skills • • • • Print: Divide words into syllables Reference: Use simple, compound sentences. Study: Skim, make outlines or references Language: Students will apply various skills in their writing activities: stories, poems, and songs. • Comprehension: Students will compare and contrast the different volcanoes and earthquakes around the world. Grouping Patterns • Large groups: Grand conversations, viewing and hearing video’s, word wall • Small groups: small group discussions, identification of different areas of the world that have earthquakes, and volcanoes • Individual: writing poems, journals, and stories Assessments • • • • • • Journal entries with Rubric. Participation in grand conversations. 6+1 writing traits for poems and stories. Checklist Portfolio for art work. Spelling test for words on the word wall.