The World of the Angels

Report
The World of the Angels
Belief in
Allah
Belief in
Al-Qadar
Belief in
the
Hereafter
The Six
Pillars
of Iman
Belief in
the
Angels
Belief in
the
Prophets
Belief in
the Books
Belief in Angels
َ ُ ‫ْ ََ َ ُ ُ ا‬
َ ْ َ َ َ َّ
َ َّ ُ ْ َ ْ
َ
َ
ْ
ْ
‫اع ِل اْلَل ِئك ِة رسَل أ ِولي أج ِنح ٍة‬
َ ‫ض‬
ِ ‫اط ِر السماو‬
ِ ‫ج‬
ِ ‫ الحمد ِلل ِه ف‬
ِ ‫ات واْلر‬
َّ َّ ُ َ َ َ ْ َ ْ ُ َ َ َ ُ َ َ َ ُ َ ٰ َ ْ َّ
ْ‫الل َه َع َل ٰى َُك ِّل َش ي ٍء‬
‫اء ۚ ِإن‬
َ ‫ق ما يش‬
َ ِ ‫اع ۚ ي ِزيد ِفي الخل‬
َ ‫مثنى وثَلث ورب‬
ِ
َ
ٌ
١:‫﴾ فاطر‬١﴿ ‫ق ِدير‬
 All praise is due to Allah, the Creator of the heavens
and the earth, the Maker of the angels, messengers
flying on wings, two, and three, and four; He
increases in creation what He pleases; surely Allah
has power over all things. [35:1]
Belief in Angels
 It is a pillar of Iman.
 Malak: Angel (Singular)
 Mala’ikah: Angels (Plural)
 Angels are part of the unseen world.
 They are all around us.
What are Angels Made Of?
 Angels are made of light.
 They ‘can’ be visible to us in various forms, including
human form.
 They don’t eat, drink, sleep, get tired or die.
 Yet, they can travel at blazing speeds.
 Angels never commit sins.
What are Angels Made Of?
 They worship Allah and serve him 24/7/354.
 Their appearance is ‘unknown’ to us. They do not
look like babies or women as some people portray
them.
 Jibreel, once filled the entire sky when he appeared
before Prophet Muhammad ‫صلّى اهلل عليه وسلّم‬, but
appeared as a normal-sized man before Maryam.
Duties Of Angels
ُ ْ َ َ َ َ َّ َ َ ْ َّ ‫ُ َ ِّ ُ َن‬
َ
ُ
‫﴾ اْلنبياء‬٢٠﴿ ‫ون‬
َ ‫ يس ِبحو الليل والنهار َل يفتر‬
 “They glorify (Him) by night and day; they never
stop.” [21:20]
 They take care of human beings.
 They execute Allah’s commands around the universe.
 They serve Allah in the hereafter.
Angels and Humans
 Human beings have a relationship with angels from
the time they are born till they die and even after
that.
 This relationship covers all stages of our life.
 They not only guard us from evil but also record all
our deeds.
The Angel of Life
 ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ood narrated: The Messenger of
Allah and he is truthful, the believed, narrated to us:
“Verily the creation of each one of you is brought
together in the mother’s belly for forty days in the
form of a liquid seed, then he is a clot of blood, then
a crumb of flesh, then there is sent to him the angel
who blows the soul into him and who is commanded
about four matters: to write down his wealth, his life
span, his actions, and whether happy or unhappy.”
Reported in Al-Bukhari and Muslim.
The Angel of Life
 The angel of life blows the soul in the fetus in the
womb.
 Every child has the following things recorded before
birth.
 Wealth
 Life span
 Deeds
 Destination; in Paradise or in Hell
 Allah decides our lives and our wealth.
 But we are free to choose our deeds; good or bad.
The Guardian Angels – ‫الحفظة‬
 Allah assigns angels to protect every human being.
َ َ َّ َّ
َّ ْ َ ْ ُ َ ُ َ ْ َ ْ َ ْ َ ْ َ َ ْ َ ِّ ٌ َ ِّ َ ُ ُ َ
‫ له مع ِقبات ِمن بي ِن يدي ِه و ِمن خل َِف ِه يحفظونه ِمن أم ِر الل ِ َه ۚ ِإن الله َل‬
َ َ ‫ُ َ ِّ ُ َ َ ْ َ َّ ٰ ُ َ ِّ ُ َ َ ُ ْ َ َ َ َ َ َّ ُ َ ْ ُ ا‬
‫نف ِس ِه َم ۚ وِإذا أراد الله ِبق َو ٍم سوءا فَل‬
َ ‫يغ ِير ما ِبقو ٍم حتى يغ ِيروا ما ِبأ‬
َ َ َ ُ َ َّ َ َ
ُ
َ
ِّ
ُ
‫﴾ الرعد‬١١﴿ ‫مرد ل َه ۚ وما لهم ِمن دو ِن ِه ِمن و ٍال‬
 “For his (man’s) sake there are angels following one
another, before him and behind him, who guard him
by Allah’s will.” [13:11]
The Guardian Angels – ‫الحفظة‬
 These angels are positioned in front and in the back




of every person.
They protect people against the harms of evil jinn.
Harm may come to a person due to his sins.
It may come as a test of his faith and patience.
It may come to grant him great rewards.
The Record Keepers – ‫الكتبة‬
َ ْ ُ ْ َ َ َّ َ
َ ‫َ ا‬
َ‫َ ْ َ ُ َن َ َ ْ َ ُ ن‬
َ
َ
َ
‫﴾ يعلمو ما ت َفعلو‬١١﴿ ‫﴾ ِكراما كا ِت ِبين‬١٠﴿ ‫ وِإن عليكم لحا ِف ِظين‬
﴾١٢﴿
‫اَلنفطار‬
 “And most surely there are keepers over you. Honorable
recorders. They know what you do.” [82:10-12]
ُ ْ َ َّ
ْ َ َ ِّ َ َ ُ ْ َّ َ َ َ ْ
َ َ ِّ
ٌ
َ
َ
َ
‫ظ ِمن‬
َ ‫﴾ ما يل ِف‬١٧﴿ ‫يد‬
َ ‫ال ق ِع‬
َ ِ ‫الشم‬
َ ِ ‫ين َوع‬
َ ِ ‫ن الي ِم‬
َ ِ ‫ان ع‬
َ ِ ‫ ِإ َذ يتلقى اْلتل ِقي‬
ِ ‫ن‬
َ َّ ْ َ
َ
ٌ
َ
ْ
َ
ٌ
‫﴾ ق‬١٨﴿ ‫يد‬
َ ‫يب ع ِت‬
َ ‫قو ٍ َل ِإ ََل لدي ِ َه ر ِق‬
 “When the two writing angels receive man’s actions,
sitting on the right and the left. He utters not a word but
there is by him a watcher at hand.” [50:17-18]
The Record Keepers – ‫الكتبة‬
 Every action and every word of ours will be recorded,
whether good or bad, whether said or done openly or
secretly.
 Whenever we intend to do a good deed, the angel on
the right side immediately records it and we get one
hasanah for it.
 When we really perform the good deed we had
intended, the reward is increased tenfold.
The Record Keepers – ‫الكتبة‬
 When we only think of a bad deed, nothing is
recorded.
 Only when we do that bad deed, it is recorded and we
are charged for just a single bad deed.
 This is a sign of Allah’s profound mercy.
 Abdullah ibn Amr narrated that Rasoolullah ‫صلّى هللا‬
‫ عليه وسلّم‬said: “A single good deed is rewarded ten
folds.”
Angels Support & Defend the Believers
ُْ َ
َّ ُ ِّ َ َ ْ ُ َ َ ِّ َ َ َ َ ْ َ َ ُّ َ
ْ
ُ
َ
َ
ُ
‫وحي ربك ِإلى اْلَل ِئك ِة أ ِني مع َكم فث ِبتوا ال ِذين آمنوا ۚ س َأل ِقي ِفي‬
ِ ‫ ِإذ ي‬
ُُ
َ َ َّ
ُ ْ ُ ْ ُ ْ َ َ ْ َ ْ َ ْ َ ُ ْ َ َ ْ ُّ
َ
َ
َ
َّ
ُ
‫وب ال ِذين كفروا الرعب فاض ِربوا ف َوق اْلعن ِاق واض ِربوا ِمن َهم كل بن ٍان‬
ِ ‫قل‬
﴾١٢﴿
 “When your Lord revealed to the angels: I am with
you, therefore support those who believed. I will cast
fear into the hearts of the pagans. Therefore strike
off their heads and strike off every fingertip of them.
[8:12]
ُ ْ َ َ ْ ْ ُ ْ َ َ َّ َ َ ْ ُ ُ ْ ُ َ َ َّ َ ُّ َ َ
َ‫ود َف َأ ْ َس ْلنا‬
ُ
ٌ
ُ
ْ
‫ يا أيها ال ِذين آمنوا اذكروا ِنعمة الل ِه َعليكم ِإذ جاءتكم جن َ ر‬
َ‫َ َ ْ ْ ا َ ُ ُ ا َّ ْ َ َ ْ َ َ َ َ َّ ُ َ َ ْ َ ُ ن‬
َ
‫ا‬
﴾٩﴿ ‫علي ِهم ِريحا وجنودا لم تروها ۚ وكان الله ِبما تعملو ب ِصيرا‬
Angels Support & Defend the Believers
 “O you who believe! Remember the favour of Allah to
you when armies came down upon you, so We sent
against them a strong wind and soldiers, that you
didn’t see, and Allah is All-Seeing.” [33:9]
 Angels support the believers when they need help.
 They fought on the side of Muslims in many battles,
like Badr, Khandaq and Hunayn.
 Allah sent his angels to protect Prophet
Muhammad ‫ صلّى اهلل عليه وسلّم‬during the Hijrah.
The Angel of Death - ‫ملك الموت‬
 He is responsible for taking away the soul from the
human body.
َ‫ُ ْ َ َ َ َّ ُ َّ َ ُ ْ َ ْ َّ ُ ِّ َ ُ ْ ُ َّ َ ٰ َ ِّ ُ ْ ُ ْ َ ُ ن‬
‫ قل يتوفاكم ملك اْلو ِت ال ِذي و َِكل ِبكم ثم ِإلى رِب َكم ترجعو‬
‫﴾ السجدة‬١١﴿
 “Say: The angel of death who is given charge of you
shall cause you to die, then to your Lord you shall be
brought back.” [32:11]
 Death is painful for all, believers and disbelievers.
The Angel of Death - ‫ملك الموت‬
 Death is painful for all, believers and disbelievers.
 But the degree of pain differs.
 The believer’s soul will be taken in an easy and soft
manner, like a drip of water dripping from a glass.
 The disbeliever’s soul will be ripped away in a painful
way.
Angels in the Grave - ‫منكر و نكير‬
 In the grave, two angels of bluish and black colours
come in and awake him/her.
 The soul is returned to the dead person in a special
way.
 Rasoolullah SAW said: “When the dead person is
buried two black-blue angels come to him, one called
Munkar and the other called Nakeer.”
Angels in the Grave - ‫منكر و نكير‬
 The angels will ask the dead person about his Lord,
his Prophet, and his religion.
 The believers will answer confidently and correctly,
therefore, they will enjoy a happy time in the grave.
 The disbelievers will not be able to answer correctly,
thus they will suffer a severe punishment in the
grave.
Israfeel, the Blower of the Horn
َْ
َّ
َ ُّ
ُ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َّ
ْ
‫ض ِإ ََل من‬
ِ ‫ ون ِفخ ِفي الصو ِر فص ِعق من ِفي الس َماو‬
ِ ‫ات ومن ِفي اْلر‬
ُُ َ ٌ َ ْ ُ َ َ ٰ َ ْ ُ
ُ ُ َّ َ َ
ُ
َ
َ
َّ
﴾٦٨﴿ ‫شاء الل َه ۚ ثم ن ِفخ ِف ِيه أخرى ف ِإ َذا هم ِقيام ينظرون‬
 “And the horn shall be blown, so all those in the
heavens and in the earth shall pass out, except such
as Allah pleases; then it shall be blown again, then
they shall stand up awaiting.” [Zumar (39):68]
Israfeel, the Blower of the Horn
 Allah will order Israfeel to blow the horn which will
destroy the whole world.
 Some time later, Israfeel will blow the horn again
which will result in the resurrection of all mankind
from death and the Day of Judgment will start.
Carriers of the Throne - ‫حملة العرش‬
ٌ َ َ َ َ ْ َ ْ ُ َ ْ َ َ ِّ َ َ ْ َ ُ ْ َ َ َ َ ْ َ ٰ َ َ ُ َ َ ْ َ
﴾١٧﴿ ‫ واْللك على أرج ِائها ۚ ويح ِمل عرش َرِبك فوقهم يوم ِئ ٍذ ثما َِنية‬
ٌ َ َ ْ ُ ٰ َ ْ َ َ ‫َ ْ َ ُ ْ َ ُ َن‬
‫﴾ الحاقة‬١٨﴿ ‫يوم ِئ ٍذ تعرضو َل تخفى ِمنكم خا ِف َية‬
 “And the angels shall be all around; and above them
eight [angels] shall bear on that day your Lord’s
throne. On that day you shall be exposed to view –
no secret of yours shall remain hidden.” [69:17-18]
Carriers of the Throne - ‫حملة العرش‬
 There are eight angels who will carry Allah’s throne
on the Day of Judgment.
 Normally, the Throne is carried by four angels.
 Prophet Muhammad SAW has said: “The distance
between one’s ear and neck is like the distance
travelled over seven hundred years.”
Angels on the Day of Judgment
 The Last Day will be fifty thousand years long.
 People will receive the records of all their deeds; the
good people in their right and the bad people in their
left.
 Angels will then call people by their names for
questioning.
 The believers will experience mild questioning or
none at all and be welcomed by angels into Jannah.
 Disbelievers and sinful Muslims will face a
humiliating treatment and get dragged by angels to
Jahannam.
The Keepers of Paradise
َ ‫ين َّات َق ْوا َرَّب ُه ْم إ َلى ْال َج َّن َة ُز َم ارا ۚ َح َّت ٰى إ َذا َج ُاء‬
َ ‫ َوس‬
َ ‫يق َّالذ‬
َ‫وها َو ُف َِت َح ْت َأ ْب َو ُابها‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ َ ُ ُ ْ َ ْ ُ ْ ْ ُ ْ َ َ ٌ َ َ َََُ َ ْ ُ َ َ َ َ
َ
‫﴾ الزمر‬٧٣﴿ ‫وقال لهم خزنتها سَلم عليكم ِطب َتم فادخلوها خ ِال ِدين‬
 “And those who are mindful of their Lord shall be
guided to the garden in groups; when they come to it,
and its doors shall be opened, and the keepers of it
shall say to them: Peace be on you, you shall be
happy; therefore enter it to live in for eternity.”
[39:73]
The Keepers of Paradise
 There are keepers of Paradise who guard its eight
gates.
 The head of all the keepers of Paradise ‫ خازن الجنة‬is
named Ridwan. )‫(رضوان‬
‫‪The Keepers of Hellfire‬‬
‫َّ ْ ُ ْ َ َ َ‬
‫َ َ َّ َ َ ُ نَ‬
‫َ ُ َ َّ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫اب جهنم خ ِالدو َ ﴿‪َ ﴾٧٤‬ل يفتر عنهم وه َم ِف ِيه‬
‫‪ِ ‬إن اْلج ِر ِمين ِفي عذ ِ‬
‫ُم ْبل ُسو َن ﴿‪َ ﴾٧٥‬و َما َظ َل ْم َن ُاه ْم َو َٰلكن َك ُانوا ُه ُم ال َّظاْل َين ﴿‪َ ﴾٧٦‬و َن َاد ْوا ياَ‬
‫ِِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ َ ْ َ َ ُّ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ال إ َّن ُكم ََّماك ُثو َن ﴿‪َ ﴾٧٧‬ل َق ْد ج ْئ َن ُاكم ب ْال ََحقِّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ك‬
‫ال‬
‫م‬
‫ق‬
‫ي‬
‫ل‬
‫ۚ‬
‫ع‬
‫ض‬
‫ق‬
‫ل‬
‫ن‬
‫ي‬
‫ك‬
‫ب‬
‫ا‬
‫َ‬
‫ر‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ ِ ِ‬
‫ِ ِ‬
‫َ َٰ َّ َ ْ َ َ ُ ْ ْ َ ِّ َ ُ نَ‬
‫ول ِكن أكثركم ِللح ِق كا ِرهو ﴿‪ ﴾٧٨‬الزخرف‬
‫‪ Surely the guilty shall dwell in the Punishment of‬‬
‫)‪Hell. (74‬‬
‫‪ It shall not be lightened for them, and in despair will‬‬
‫)‪they be there overwhelmed. (75‬‬
 And We shall not be unjust to them: but it is they




who have been unjust themselves. (76)
They will cry: “O Malik! would that your Lord put an
end to us!’’ He will say, “Nay, but you shall abide!”
(77)
Verily We have brought the Truth to you: but most of
you have a hatred for Truth. (78)
There are also keepers of Jahannam.
The Head of the keepers of hellfire ‫ خازن النار‬is Malik
‫مالك‬.
The Keepers of Hellfire
َ َ ََ ُْ َ
َ َ ْ ِّ ٌ َ َّ َ
َ َ َ َ َ ْ َ ‫َو َم‬
ُ
ُ
﴾٢٩﴿ ‫ش ِر‬
َ ‫﴾ لواحة ِللب‬٢٨﴿ ‫﴾ َل تب ِقي وَل تذر‬٢٧﴿ ‫ ا أدراك ما سقر‬
َ َ َ َ ْ ََْ َ
َ
‫﴾ اْلدثر‬٣٠﴿ ‫عليها ِتسعة عشر‬
 And what will explain to you what Hell-Fire is? (27)
 It leaves nothing nor does it spare anything! (28)
 Darkening and changing the colour of man! (29)
 Over it are nineteen [angels]. (30) [74:27-30]
 There are nineteen angels under Malik.
 They are helped by countless other angels who
oversee punishment of the disbelievers and the
sinful.
Serving Around the Universe
 Angels execute Allah’s command relating to weather.
 They protect the skies from the trespassing of the evil
jinn.
 They inspire the believers to do what is good for
them.
 They attend gatherings where Allah’s name is
mentioned.
 They pray for the rightful believers.
Mika’eel: The Angel of Weather
 Allah gives orders to Mika’eel ‫ عليه السّالم‬concerning




weather.
He moves the clouds and winds according to Allah’s
command.
Meteorologists cannot forecast weather conditions
with complete accuracy.
There have been instances when meteorologists have
been completely wrong.
This is because Allah is the final decision-maker.
Jibreel: The Greatest Angel
 Jibreel ‫ عليه السالم‬is the greatest angel.
 His responsibility is to bring Allah’s revelation to His
messengers.
 He brought the Holy Qur’an to Prophet Muhammad
‫صلّى اهلل عليه وسلّم‬.
Assignment
Define the following:
1.
a)
b)
c)
d)
Malak
Al-Hafathah
Al-Katabah
Hamalat-ul-Arsh
2. What is the function of Israfeel?
3. Who are Ridwan and Malik?
4. What are the angels made of?
5. Who is the first angel that we come into contact
with? What does he do?
Assignment
6. Who are the ‫ ?كراما كاتبين‬What is their function?
7. Which angel controls the weather?
8. Does Malak-ul-Mawt appear the same to believers
and disbelievers? Explain.
9. What are the four matters regarding every child
that are recorded before his/her birth?

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