Eco development

Report
Eco development
“Term coined at the Stockholm Conference and logical antecedent of "sustainable
development." Suffix "eco" stands for "ecological" and "economic": A weld between
economy and ecology. The transition from "Ecosviluppo" to "sustainable development"
has sanctioned the movement from local to global level environmental problems
caused by development have an impact not only on the territory in question, but invest
the whole planet, requiring a comprehensive approach to resolving them.
JOHANNESBURG Conference (2002)
RECOGNIZING THAT THE ERADICATION OF POVERTY, CHANGE OF STYLES OF
PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION AND THE PROTECTION AND MANAGEMENT OF
NATURAL RESOURCES ARE THE OBJECTIVES AND BASIC CONDITIONS FOR SUSTAINABLE
DEVELOPMENT
SOCIAL EQUALITY
OTHER IMPORTANT CONCEPTS for definitions of sustainable development are:
Fairness 'SOCIAL within generations within a single community; GENERATIONS respect to
future generations.
UNCERTAINTY AND IRREVERSIBLE' OFTEN THE EVALUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL
IMPACTS It appears as extremely complex, giving rise POSITIONS TO MUCH difference
between scientists or between countries
SBD: sustainable business development
STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK FOR INTEGRATING BUSINESS ENTERPRISES, CREATING
INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS
SBD
Take a comprehensive perspective of the corporation and its business
environment that includes direct relationship with suppliers, distributors,
customers partners, employees and shareholders and indirect linkages
with stakeholder, competitors relates industries and natural environment
(eco-system)
SBD:
sustainable business development
UN
International
community
SUSTAINABILITY
SUSTAINABLE
DEVELOPMENT
UN conference an
invironment and
development
(RIO EARTH SUMMIT)
Involves articulating integrating
achieving social, economic and
environmental objectives and
initiatives to protect
humankind and natural world
Sbd & Agenda 21
Is a holistic management construct that
includes the entire value system from the
origins of the raw materials to production
processes and customer applications to endof-life solutions (EoL).
Corporate today face the daunting challenges of
achieving superior performance ad well as
meeting the expectations of the social
economic and environmental dimensions
articled in agenda 21.
customers
supplier
stakeholders
NETWORKS
OF
(relationship with…)
Support service
providers
Handling wastes,
residuals and impacts
Sustainable production
Sustainable production and consumption involves
business, government, communities and households
contributing to environmental quality through the
efficient production and use of natural resources, the
minimization of wastes, and the optimization of
products and services."
Edwin G. Falkman, Waste Management International. Sustainable Production and
Consumption: A Business Perspective. WBCSD, n.d.
What does SBD do?
Through the management concepts of enterprise management and life
cycle thinking (Lct)…
KINDS OF OUTCOMES RESULTS FROM PROFOUND CHANCES IN STRATEGIC
THINKING, LEADERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT OF BUSINESSES.
Some of which include:
Enterprise thinking
Visionary leadership
Strategic thinking
Products and technological innovation
Condizione per un’economia
sostenibile
• Il progresso tecnologico: la produzione per unità di
inquinante (o risorse impiegate) dovrebbe crescere
continuamente e costantemente.
• Linee guida e canalizzazione degli investimenti verso
determinate tecnologie che riducono l'intensità di utilizzo
del capitale naturale e aumentano l'efficienza (la
cosiddetta tecnologia verde).
• Reinvestimento di efficienza ecologica di aumento del
reddito ottenuto.
A BRIEF HISTORY OF
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
BUSINESS PERSPECTIVE
SBD
has it roots in environmental management and
the concepts of pollution prevention and
waste minimization.
- Increase on the number of environmental laws
and regulations, environmental management
has involved since the mid- 1970’s from
dealing with the compliance issues and waste
problems to sophisticated management
systems focusing on external drivers and
…continue
The maturation process has been difficult as
corporations learned how to respond to
the ever changing land scope of laws,
regulations and directives.
More corporations focused on market and
economic considerations and paid little
attention to the broader social and
environmental concerns.
…in brief…
1970’s: laws and regulations
1980’s: growth and learning in CANADA, JAPAN, US
and WESTERN EUROPE.
i.e. US emergency planning and community right-to-know ACT (1986)
Forced to desclose information about their operations and waste streams
they generated.
1980-1990’s: all people involved in reducing pollution.
P2 & EMSs
P2 program consisted in 2 items:
- Prevention
- Reduction
i.e. waste management
The second generation of environmental
management that focus on creating
environmental management system (EMSs)
EMSs
Focus on:
Pollution reduction at the souce
Reuse
Recycling
Proprer disposal of residuals and waste
…1990’s
ISO development the ISO 14000
Framework and guidance for EMS, audit,
labelling, environmental performance
evaluation and LCA.
TECHONOLOGY AND INNOVATION
Technological innovation for SBD includes R&D activities
associated with creating and developing innovative
technologies improving existing products or processes
and find new opportunities to exploit the technical
capabilities and resources in the organization.
Technological innovation generated business
opportunities by dramatically modifying the underlying
technological resources and capabilities.
Translation of inventions and new technocologies into
the means and mechanisms to define, produce and
market new poroducts for a better world.

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