Eco development “Term coined at the Stockholm Conference and logical antecedent of "sustainable development." Suffix "eco" stands for "ecological" and "economic": A weld between economy and ecology. The transition from "Ecosviluppo" to "sustainable development" has sanctioned the movement from local to global level environmental problems caused by development have an impact not only on the territory in question, but invest the whole planet, requiring a comprehensive approach to resolving them. JOHANNESBURG Conference (2002) RECOGNIZING THAT THE ERADICATION OF POVERTY, CHANGE OF STYLES OF PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION AND THE PROTECTION AND MANAGEMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES ARE THE OBJECTIVES AND BASIC CONDITIONS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL EQUALITY OTHER IMPORTANT CONCEPTS for definitions of sustainable development are: Fairness 'SOCIAL within generations within a single community; GENERATIONS respect to future generations. UNCERTAINTY AND IRREVERSIBLE' OFTEN THE EVALUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS It appears as extremely complex, giving rise POSITIONS TO MUCH difference between scientists or between countries SBD: sustainable business development STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK FOR INTEGRATING BUSINESS ENTERPRISES, CREATING INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS SBD Take a comprehensive perspective of the corporation and its business environment that includes direct relationship with suppliers, distributors, customers partners, employees and shareholders and indirect linkages with stakeholder, competitors relates industries and natural environment (eco-system) SBD: sustainable business development UN International community SUSTAINABILITY SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT UN conference an invironment and development (RIO EARTH SUMMIT) Involves articulating integrating achieving social, economic and environmental objectives and initiatives to protect humankind and natural world Sbd & Agenda 21 Is a holistic management construct that includes the entire value system from the origins of the raw materials to production processes and customer applications to endof-life solutions (EoL). Corporate today face the daunting challenges of achieving superior performance ad well as meeting the expectations of the social economic and environmental dimensions articled in agenda 21. customers supplier stakeholders NETWORKS OF (relationship with…) Support service providers Handling wastes, residuals and impacts Sustainable production Sustainable production and consumption involves business, government, communities and households contributing to environmental quality through the efficient production and use of natural resources, the minimization of wastes, and the optimization of products and services." Edwin G. Falkman, Waste Management International. Sustainable Production and Consumption: A Business Perspective. WBCSD, n.d. What does SBD do? Through the management concepts of enterprise management and life cycle thinking (Lct)… KINDS OF OUTCOMES RESULTS FROM PROFOUND CHANCES IN STRATEGIC THINKING, LEADERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT OF BUSINESSES. Some of which include: Enterprise thinking Visionary leadership Strategic thinking Products and technological innovation Condizione per un’economia sostenibile • Il progresso tecnologico: la produzione per unità di inquinante (o risorse impiegate) dovrebbe crescere continuamente e costantemente. • Linee guida e canalizzazione degli investimenti verso determinate tecnologie che riducono l'intensità di utilizzo del capitale naturale e aumentano l'efficienza (la cosiddetta tecnologia verde). • Reinvestimento di efficienza ecologica di aumento del reddito ottenuto. A BRIEF HISTORY OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BUSINESS PERSPECTIVE SBD has it roots in environmental management and the concepts of pollution prevention and waste minimization. - Increase on the number of environmental laws and regulations, environmental management has involved since the mid- 1970’s from dealing with the compliance issues and waste problems to sophisticated management systems focusing on external drivers and …continue The maturation process has been difficult as corporations learned how to respond to the ever changing land scope of laws, regulations and directives. More corporations focused on market and economic considerations and paid little attention to the broader social and environmental concerns. …in brief… 1970’s: laws and regulations 1980’s: growth and learning in CANADA, JAPAN, US and WESTERN EUROPE. i.e. US emergency planning and community right-to-know ACT (1986) Forced to desclose information about their operations and waste streams they generated. 1980-1990’s: all people involved in reducing pollution. P2 & EMSs P2 program consisted in 2 items: - Prevention - Reduction i.e. waste management The second generation of environmental management that focus on creating environmental management system (EMSs) EMSs Focus on: Pollution reduction at the souce Reuse Recycling Proprer disposal of residuals and waste …1990’s ISO development the ISO 14000 Framework and guidance for EMS, audit, labelling, environmental performance evaluation and LCA. TECHONOLOGY AND INNOVATION Technological innovation for SBD includes R&D activities associated with creating and developing innovative technologies improving existing products or processes and find new opportunities to exploit the technical capabilities and resources in the organization. Technological innovation generated business opportunities by dramatically modifying the underlying technological resources and capabilities. Translation of inventions and new technocologies into the means and mechanisms to define, produce and market new poroducts for a better world.