1. Stimuli--Orthopedic Anatomical Terminology

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Stimuli—Orthopedic Anatomical
Terminology
Anterior- in front of; ventral
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Anterior
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Anterior
Apophyses- a bony process or outgrowth that lacks an
independent center of ossification like an epiphysis.
Ischial tuberosity
Ileac crest
Greater trochanter
Tibial tuberosity
Base of 5th metarsal
Base- the lower part or bottom of an object
There is a Fx at the base of the 4th toe,
proximal phalanx
There is a Fx at the base of the proximal
phalanx of the index finger, MTP jt.
Caudal- situated or oriented toward the tail end of an organism
Cephalad- situated or oriented toward the head end of an organism
or body part.
There is a wedge
compression Fx of the T 7
vertebra. In addition, there
are a 2nd and 3rd more
caudal, L1 and L2
compression fractures.
Cephalad
Caudal
Contralateral- on the opposite side
There is a L hip fx contralateral to the R femur fx
Coronal- a plane that divides the body into anterior and
posterior parts
The metal Foreign body (coin) is lying
parallel to the coronal plane in an
esophageal location at the T8 level.
Distal- situated away from the center of the body
5th toe, proximal
phalanx, distal end Fx
A distal fibula Fx
L wrist , distal ulna, metaphyseal Fx
Dorsal- relating to the back or posterior i.e. the exterior
part of the hand
Anterior
Dorsal
A Fx of the distal radius
and ulna with 100%
dorsal displacement of
the distal fragments.
Epiphysis- relating to a part of a long bone developed from
a center of ossification distinct from the shaft(Often called
a growth plate)
Epiphysis
Epiphysis
Epiphysis
Frontal- relating to the anterior part of a body
Frontal
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Frontal
Head- the rounded end of a bone
Femoral
Humeral
Metacarpal
Metatarsal
Radial
Fibular
Fx of the 5th metacarpal
head with minimal
angulation
Comminuted Fx of the
humeral head with signif
displacement
Fx of the radial
head , non
displaced
Horizontal- a plane across the body at right angles to the
coronal & sagittal planes resulting in upper and lower
parts
375, 380, 391, 667
Inferior- below in relation to another structure; caudal
(lower)
There is a 3 part intertrochanteric fx of the L hip. In
addition , there are ipsilateral L superior and inferior
pubic rami Fx s
1
3
2
Ipsilateral- on the same side
There is a 3 part intertrochanteric fx of the L hip. In
addition , there are ipsilateral L superior and inferior
pubic rami Fx s
1
3
2
Lateral- on the side; farther from the median or
midsaggital plane
There is a spiral fx of the lateral
malleolus at the level of the mortise
with approx 2 mm of displacement of
the distal fragment. There is also
widening of the medial joint mortise.
Longitudinal—aligned lengthwise; any plane perpendicular to
the transverse plane
Medial- relating to the middle or center; nearer the
median or midsagittal plane
There is an old chip fx off the 1st
toe, proximal phalanx, distal
end , medial aspect . There is a
new Fx of the 5th toe, prox
phalanx which is angulated.
This is a bimallleolar fx of
the L ankle. The medial
malleolus has a transverse
Fx that is non displaced.
Metaphysis- relating to the growth zone between the
epiphysis and the diaphysis during development of a bone
Neck- any constricted portion having a fancied
resemblance to the neck of an animal
Femoral
Humeral
Metacarpal
Metatarsal
Radial
Fibular
There is an oblique, minimally
displaced fx of the neck of the
3rd metacarpal
There is a fx of the R
femoral neck.
Occipital- relating to the back of the head
There is a fracture of the skull extending from
the L temporal area to the high occiptal portion
of the skull.
Palmar- volar; the flexor or anterior surface of the hand
There is a Fx of the
distal radius and ulna
with palmar
displacement of the
distal fragments.
Parietal- relating to the wall of any cavity
Plantar- relating to the sole of the foot
Posterior- behind or after in place
There is an obvious posterior dislocation of the elbow present.
Proximal- nearest the trunk or the point of origin
There is a non displaced
transverse Fx of the prox
1/3 of the humerus
There is an angulated
transverse fx of the neck of
the 5th proximal phalanx
Radial- relating to the lateral aspect of the upper limb
There is a Fx of the L radial
neck.
The thumb is
part of the
radial aspect
of the hand.
.
Rostral- situated at or directed toward the anterior (snout)
end of any organism
Sagittal- a plane that goes from top to bottom dividing an
object into a right and a left side.
1405, 1406
There is no sagittal deviation
for this metal FB(coin) lodged in
the distal 1/3 esophagus.
Superior- above in relation to another structure; cephalic,
(higher)
There are a superior and inferior pubic rami fx present in
this view ofthepelvis.
Transverse- horizontal; lying across the body part in a
horizontal plane.
There are non displaced
transverse fxs of the diaphysis
of the distal 1/3 radius and
ulna.
There is a displaced, angulated
transverse fx of the neck of the
proximal phalanx, 5th toe.
Ulnar- relating to the medial aspect of the upper limb
There is a intra-articular fx of the ulnar
aspect of the 3rd finger, prox phalanx, at
the MCP jt.
There is an incomplete transverse fx
of the distal ulnar styloid.
Valgus- turned or bent outward
There are fxs at the neck of the 2nd
and 3rd metatarsals with a valgus
deformity of the distal fragments
There is a spiral fx of the R femur
just distal to the hip prosthesis with
a valgus displacement of the distal
fragment
Varus- turned or bent inward
There is a 3 part 100% displacement fx of the mid shaft L
femur with varus displacement of the distal fragment.
Vertical- the direction aligned with the direction of he
force of gravity
There is an non displaced
intra-articular vertical fx
through the lateral tibial
plateau of the knee
Left ileum—there is a
non displaced vertical
fx through the inferior
aspect of the medial
ileum
There is a-non
displaced, vertical fx
through the L patella.
Volar- the palm of the hand or the sole of the foot
There is a volar plate
fx of the PIP jt, middle
phalanx of the 2nd
finger
The volar aspect of the foot is
same as the plantar aspect.

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