Unit 6: Family and Friends

Report
Unit 6: Family and Friends
-Life with teenagers
-Family members & Personality
-Comparatives and Superlatives
-Leaving phone messages
Living with teenagers
 Read the passage “Living with
the enemy”.
 Underline comparative
sentences, or sentences that
compare one thing or person to
another.
The Middle, an American TV
series featuring a family life with
teenagers
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wS1eJU15uSU&feature=player_embedded
People in your family
 Babies
 Children
 Teenagers
 Young Adults - Adults
 Middle-Aged
 Elderly
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jmJjD33eKDU&feature=related
Character adjectives
shy
bright
noisy
stubborn
helpful
moody
patient
honest
selfish
mature
polite
aggressive
ambitious
organised
easy-going
aggressive
popular
boring
intelligent
lazy
laid-back
considerate
See a table of comparatives and superlatives here: http://www.tefl.net/alexcase/worksheets/grammar/comparative-superlativegames/comparative-superlative/
Do you know the comparative forms of
these adjectives? What are the rules?
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Tall
Large
Easy
Fast
Noisy
Busy
Shy
Old
young
light
Good
Bad
Strict
Rich
moody
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Difficult
Boring
Interesting
Stressful
Polite
Relax
Popular
Ambitious
Aggressive
Honest
Stubborn
Considerate
Patient
Organised
Creative
How to make comparatives
1. as ________ as / not as _________as
Tom is as smart as his brother.
Marilyn is as happy as Jane.
Having a cold is as bad as having a headache.
This room is as noisy as a restaurant.
Harry is not as stubborn as his brother.
How to make comparatives
2. adjective (+er) than
Your skirt is shorter than my skirt.
He is happier and lazier than his brother.
Beth is (much) easier to live with than Carol.
Carol is younger than Beth.
She is busier than she was last year.
I'm (a bit) thinner than I was five years ago.
How to make comparatives
 3. more+ adjective than / less+ adjective than
Carol is more difficult to live with than Beth.
Beth is more mature than Carol.
Harry is more ambitious than Tom.
Beth is (much) more easy-going than Carol
My life is less stressful after I left my boyfriend.
Harry is less aggressive than his friend.
When people get older, they become less cheerful.
Exception
Some adjectives change the forms:
good
bad
much (many)
little
better
worse
more
less
best
worst
most
least
 Now read the passage on page 45 and fill in the
gaps with comparative adjectives.
 Write 4 sentences to compare yourself and a
friend. Use a lot, much, a bit, (not) as……as, and the
adjectives you’ve learn so far.
For Example:
I am a bit stronger than Micky.
Micky is much more patient than me.
Bill is a lot older than me.
I am not as big as Bill.
I am as honest as Micky.
Now compare your life now and your
life when you were 15. Use the
adjectives you’ve learned.
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Now I’m more confident than I was then.
I’m much less considerate now than I was then.
I was a bit thinner when I was 15.
My life four years ago wasn’t as stressful as it is now.
+Your appearance?
+Your personality?
+Your attitude?
+ Your school report?
Superlative Forms: What are the rules?
 The teacher is the oldest person in this room.
 Eak is the moodiest person in the group.
 Chao Praya is the longest river in the central
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Thailand.
Naresuan University is the largest university in the
lower north Thailand.
Aree has the most expensive mobile phone.
Cleaning the toilet is the most disgusting
housework.
Bangkok is the most crowded city in Thailand.
How to form Superlatives
One Syllable Adjectives
place 'the' before the adjective and add '-est' to end of the adjective (Note:
double the final consonant if preceded by a vowel)
Example: cheap - the cheapest / hot - the hottest / high - the highest
Today is the hottest day of the summer.
This book is the cheapest I can find.
Two, Three or More Syllable Adjectives
place 'the most' before the adjective
Example: interesting - the most interesting / difficult - the most difficult
London is the most expensive city in England.
That is the most beautiful painting here.
Two Syllable Adjectives Ending in '-y' place 'the' before the adjective and
remove the 'y' from the adjective and add 'iest'
Example: happy - the happiest / funny - the funniest
New York is the noisiest city in the USA.
He is the most important person I know.
Superlatives adjectives
Use six of these words to describe people in
your family or friends in superlative forms
good
happy
boring
popular intelligent helpful
big
selfish
bright
noisy
organised
stubborn
thin
lazy
considerate
Page 45-46
 Look at the photo on p. 46 and do exercises on page
47
 Go to page 130-131 to review the lesson of
comparatives and superlatives
 More practice on Family member:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bj01pRLjjNI&fea
ture=fvw
Reading comprehension
 Read the passage “Family Business” and answer the
questions
Find the opposite of these adjectives in the article on
p.48
patient
considerate employ
mature
helpful
honest
reliable
selfish
happy
intelligent
polite
ambitious
friendly
possible
attractive correct
sure
organised
healthy
 Listen to the audio and do the exercises
Additional exercise for self-study
 http://www.eflnet.com/tutorials/adjcompsup.php
 http://esl.about.com/od/intermediatelevelquizzes
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/a/comparative_superlative_quiz.htm
http://raud.dugal.pagespersoorange.fr/beginners/comparison/exercise%203.ht
m
http://www.englishzone.com/grammar/compare1.html
http://perso.wanadoo.es/autoenglish/gr.comp.i.ht
m
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KLE5yPZa_Ow
Speaking English on the phone (p.50)
 Asking someone to wait
- Hold the line please.
- Just a moment please.
 Saying someone isn’t available
- I’m sorry. He’s in a meeting.
- I’m afraid he’s taken the afternoon leave.
- I’m sorry he’s not in the office.
 Offering to take the message
- Can I take a message?
- Would you like to leave a message?
- Can I have your name please?
Telephone Conversation
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZUaFgvCiaVw
 When the person you want to talk to is not in, the
common expression is _______________________
 What would you say in English
ฝากข้อความไว้ไหมคะ/ครับ ________________________________
 How to get or confirm the caller’s name?
 When to say this sentence “ I’ll see that he gets the
message”
__________________________________________________
Telephone Conversation: Leaving the messages
 Here's an example of message
 Telephone: (Ring... Ring... Ring...) Hello, this is Tom.
I'm afraid I'm not in at the moment. Please leave a
message after the beep..... (beep)
 Ken: Hello Tom, this is Ken. It's about noon and I'm
calling to see if you would like to go to the movie on
Friday. Could you call me back? You can reach me at
367-8925 until five this afternoon. I'll talk to you
later, bye.
Read more at
http://esl.about.com/od/businessspeakingskills/a/t_vocab.htm
http://www.eslmania.com/students/business_english/Telephone.htm

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