Post 16 Provision

Report
POST 16 PROVISION
Brian Lamb
Post 16 Provision must cover:
• how local authorities and health services should plan strategically for the
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support children and young people will need to prepare for adult life
how early years providers, schools and colleges should enable children
and young people to have the information and skills they need to help
them gain independence and prepare for adult life
support from Year 9, including the content of preparing for adulthood
reviews for children and young people with EHC Plans
planning the transition into post-16 education
how post-16 institutions can design study programmes and create
pathways to employment
how young people should be supported to make decisions for
themselves
Packages of provision for children and young people with EHC plans
across five days a week
transition to higher education
transition to adult health services
transition to adult social care
leaving education and training and progressing into employment
FE Duties
• The duty to co-operate with the local authority on arrangements for
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children and young people with SEN. This is a reciprocal duty.
The duty to admit a young person if the institution is named in an
Education Health and Care (EHC) plan. Young people have the right
to request that an institution is named in their EHC plan, and local
authorities have a duty to name that institution in the EHC plan
The duty to have regard to the Code of Practice
The duty to use their best endeavours to secure the special
educational provision that the young person needs. This duty applies
to further education colleges, sixth form colleges and 16-19
academies. It does not apply to independent specialist colleges or
special schools, as their principal purpose is to provide for young
people with SEN
Move post 19 from age to “whether the educational or training
outcomes specified in the plan have been achieved”
16-17 Year Olds
“Where a young person is under 18, the involvement of
parents is particularly important and local authorities should
continue to involve them in the vast majority of decisions.
Schools and colleges normally involve the parents or family
members of students under 18 where they have concerns
about a young person’s attendance, behaviour or welfare
and they should continue to do so. They should also
continue to involve parents or family members in
discussions about the young person’s studies where that is
their usual policy.”
Draft Code of Practice April 2014.
LDA’s/Post 18 provision and EHC Plans
“where relevant assessment information exists, and
parents/young people and professionals are content with the
statement/LDA; where there are no additional health and social
care needs; and where personal budget is not sought, a transfer
may use existing information and discussions with the
child/young person and their parents to develop a personcentred, outcomes-focused EHC plan.”
“When a young person with an EHC plan does make the
transition to adult services, both sets of statutory guidance will
make it clear that the assessment for adult services should be
aligned with the annual review of the EHC plan, avoiding the
need for separate, unconnected assessments. For those young
people whose needs make them eligible for adult services, their
resulting statutory Care plan will form all or part of the care
element of their EHC plan.”
Government Guidance to LA’s April 2014.
Young People’s Rights
“After compulsory school age (the end of the academic
year in which they turn 16) the right to make decisions etc.
under the Children and Families Act 2014 applies to them
directly, rather than to their parents. Parents, or other family
members, can continue to support young people in making
decisions, or act on their behalf, provided that the young
person is happy for them to do so, and it is likely that
parents will remain closely involved in the great majority of
cases.”
“Local authorities, schools, colleges, health services and
other agencies should continue to involve parents in
discussions about the young person’s future. In focusing
discussions around the individual young person”
Draft Code of Practice 2014.
Young Peoples Rights post 16.
• the right to request an assessment for an EHC plan
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(which they can do at any time up to their 25th birthday)
the right to make representations about the content of
their EHC plan
the right to request that a particular institution is named in
their EHC plan.
the right to request a Personal Budget for elements of an
EHC plan
the right to appeal to the First-Tier Tribunal (SEN and
Disability) about decisions concerning their EHC plan
Autism Provision
“Under statutory guidance accompanying the Autism
Strategy, SENCOs should inform young people with autism
of their right to a community care assessment and their
parents of the right to a carer’s assessment; colleges
should adopt the same approach. This should be built into
preparing for adulthood review meetings for those with
EHC plans.”
Mental Capacity Act
“The right of young people to make a decision is subject to
their capacity to do so as set out in the Mental Capacity Act
2005. The underlying principle of the Act is to ensure that
those who lack capacity are empowered to make as many
decisions for themselves as possible and that any decision
made or action taken on their behalf is done so in their best
interests.”
Draft Code of Practice 2014.

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