ERP and SAP - Chitu Okoli

Report
COMM 226
Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) and
SAP
Chitu Okoli
Associate Professor in Business Technology Management
John Molson School of Business, Concordia University, Montréal
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Challenges that ERP tries to resolve
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Delayed data sharing
Disconnected processes
Insufficient information for managers
Information silos within departments of an
organization
• Information silos within organizations--supply
chain challenges
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Enterprise Application Integration (EAI):
A partial solution
• Helps databases talk to each other, but:
– Still multiple databases
– Separate processes
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Enterprise Application Integration (EAI):
A partial solution
• EAI helps to resolve:
– Delayed data sharing: all databases can share data easily
– Insufficient information for managers: greater visibility of data
– Information silos within departments of an organization: all
databases can talk to each other easily
• But EAI does not resolve:
– Disconnected processes
• some of the greatest benefits could potentially
lie here
– Information silos within organizations
—supply chain challenges:
• other potential benefits available
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What Are the Benefits of an ERP System?
• Addresses all of the major challenges:
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Delayed data sharing
Disconnected processes
Insufficient information for managers
Information silos within departments of an organization
Information silos within organizations—supply chain challenges
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What Are the Challenges of
Implementing an ERP System?
• Decision-Making Challenges
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What Are the Challenges of
Implementing an ERP System?
• People Challenges
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What Are the Challenges of
Implementing an ERP System?
• ERP Upgrades
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What Are the Fundamentals of a
Procurement Process?
• Linking the Fundamentals of the Procurement
Process with Inbound Logistics in the Value
Chain
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CBI procurement process before and after SAP
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Benefits of switching to SAP for the
CBI procurement process
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What New IS IT Will Affect the
Procurement Process by 2024?
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Radio Frequency ID (RFID)
http://youtu.be/gEQJxNDSKAE
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Security and privacy issues with RFID
• RFID tags are still readable even after leaving
the supply chain
• RFID tags are difficult to remove
• RFID tags can be read without your knowledge
• RFID tags with unique serial numbers could be
used to identify individuals
– E.g. the serial number can be linked to an individual
credit card number
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Sources: Technovelgy.com: Problems With RFID
Image: RFID Journal
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The replicator
http://youtu.be/eEez9lNh8Uw
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3-D printing (the real thing)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8aghzpO_UZE
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The dark side of 3-D printing
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3D printers are energy hogs
Unhealthy air emissions
Reliance on plastics
Intellectual property and licensing deals
Gun control loopholes
Responsibility of manufacturers
Bioprinting ethics and regulation
Possibility of 3D printed drugs
National security risks
Safety of items that come into contact with food
• Source: http://www.techrepublic.com/article/the-dark-side-of-3dprinting-10-things-to-watch/
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Sources
• Most of the slides are adapted from COMM 226
Business Technology Management by David M.
Kroenke, Andrew Gemino, Peter Tingling, and Earl H.
McKinney, Jr. 2nd Custom Edition for Concordia
University (2014) published by Pearson Canada.
ISBN 13: 978-1-269-96956-7
• Other sources are noted on the slides themselves
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