Update on Mark 6 VLBI Data System

Report
Mark 6 VLBI Data System
Alan Whitney
Roger Cappallo
Chet Ruszczyk
Jason SooHoo
MIT Haystack Observatory
11 Oct 2013
2nd International VLBI Technical
Jeju, S. Korea
Why Mark6? - drivers for
ever-increasing data rates
•
-Sensitivity!
•
-VLBI2010 – enables smaller antennas & shorter
scans for better sampling of the atmosphere
•
-EHT – enables coherent detection of Sgr A* at
mm wavelengths (through a fluctuating
atmosphere)
Mark 6 goals
• - 16Gbps sustained record
capability
• >=32Gbps burst-mode capability
• - Support all common VLBI
formats
• possibly general ethernet packet
recorder
• - COTS hardware
• relatively inexpensive
• upgradeable to follow Moore’s Law
progress
• - 100% open-source software
• Linux O/S
• Other considerations
• playback as standard
Linux files
• e-VLBI support
• smooth user transition
from Mark 5
• preserve Mk5 hardware
investments, where
possible
Mark 6 Physical Layout
8 monitor LEDs
(one per disk)
Module-front-panel connectors for two standard
SAS2 cables
1
2
Mark 5/6 enclosure
Power supply
Chassis backplane kit
Data-electronics hardware
5U
1U
System chassis (supports 8Gbps by itself)
1
3
2
3
Retractable cable panel
4
4
(for easy management of
eSATA data cables)
Expansion chassis (needed for 16Gbps)
Mark 5/6 enclosure
Power supply
Chassis backplane kit
4
Mark 6 hardware
High-speed data connections
to module front-panel via two
standard SAS cables
Existing Mark 5 chassis is
upgradeable to Mark 6
New chassis backplanes for
disk power management
Cable-management panel
(unused cables retract into panel)
Existing Mark 5 SATA disk modules
are upgradeable to Mark 6
(new backplane and front panel)
5
Mark6 block diagram
c-plane
l
l
l
l
l
-control plane
-author: Chet Ruszczyk
-written in python
-interface to user (e.g. field system)
– VSI-S and XML control/monitor
-responsible for high-level functions
– -disk module management
l
l
creating
mounting & unmounting
– -scan-based recording
– -status, error-checking, etc.
dplane
-data plane
-author: Roger Cappallo
l -written in C
l -implements the high-speed data flow
l -input from NIC’s
l -output to disks within mk6 modules
l -manages:
– ▪ start and stop of data flow via packet
inspection
– ▪ organization of data into files
addition of metadata to files
l
l
dplane block
diagram
dplane - Technical Highlights
▪ pf_ring used for high-speed packet buffering
l ▪ efficient use of multiple cores – based on #
of available cores
– ▪ smp affinity of IRQ’s
– ▪ thread binding to cores
▪ most of physical RAM (up to 64-128GB) used for
large ring buffers and locked in
– ▪ one large ring buffer per stream
– ▪ can be changed dynamically from 1 to 4 streams
l
dplane – file modes
scatter mode
l ▪ ~10 MB blocks scattered to files resident on
different disks
l
– ▪ prepended block# for ease of reassembly
– ▪ uses faster disks to keep up with flow, but balances disk
usage as much as possible
– ▪ resiliet to
l
standalone program gather
– ▪ efficiently writes data in correct order to single file
– ▪ not necessary for single-file (RAID) mode
– ▪ front end merging software planned for difx
RAID mode
l data written to single file
– ▪ typically on a RAID array
– ▪ good mode for single module of SSD’s
Mark 6 data hardware
ASRock X79 Champion LGA 2011 Intel X79 motherboard
64GB DDR3 SDRAM 2400
2 x Myricom 10G-PCIE2-8B2-2C 10GE NIC
LSI 9201-16E Host Bus Adapter
Mark 6
14
Additional Features
l
▪ capture to ring buffers is kept separate from file
writing
l
– ▪ helps to facilitate e-VLBI
▪ FIFO design decouples writing from capturing
(e.g. keep writing during slew)
l ▪ option to conver mk5b format packets “on the fly”
into vdif packets
l ▪ all Mk6 software is open source for the community
l ▪ Mk6 electronics hardware is non-proprietary &
openly published
Timeline
– -Feb 2013: bistatic radar observations of asteroid
DA14 recorded at Westford
l
continuous 8 Gb/s on 2 modules
– -Mar 2013: VLBI2010 stand-alone testing
– -Sep/Oct 2013: delivery of eight Mark 6 systems
(5 - ALMA VLBI; 3 – VGOS)
– -Sep/Oct 2013: Developing Mark 6 interfacing
software for DiFX correlator; completing
standalone self-test; complete documentation
Proof of Concept Experiment
l
l
l
-done with prototype software (v.0)-June 2012
-Westford – GGAO
-technical details
– VDIF format
– 16 Gb/s onto 32 disks
– 4 GHz bandwidth on the sky
– dual polarization with 2 GHz IF’s
– processed as four 512 MHz channels
Recent progress
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
continuous 16Gbps error-free operation onto
32 disks using ‘scatter’ file system
▪ ‘scatter’ file writing upgraded to support writing
operations as high as 31 Gbps onto 32 disks
▪ ‘gather’ file-reading software reconstructs data
written in ‘scatter’ mode
▪ FUSE front-end for file reading hides ‘gather’
operation
▪ testing of high-level interface software
▪ long duration simulated experiment usage
▪ tests with SSD-equipped Mark 6 modules
▪ Still to be done: FS support
▪
VLBI Support Forum at <vlbi.org>
Mark 6 availability
• Several options:
– Purchase new Mark 6 system from Conduant
(~US$13k with 64GB RAM memory, no disk
modules)
– Upgrade existing Mark 5 system (either yourself
or with kit from Conduant)
– Upgrade Mark 5 SATA-modules (with upgrade kits
from Conduant)
– Purchase Mark 6 modules (with or without disks)
Contact Greg Lynott of Conduant
[email protected]
21
Mark 5 SATA Drive Module Upgrade to Mark 6
New Front
Panel
Front Panel
Connectors for two
eSATA cables
8x LED
(1 per drive)
Re-use Handle from
old Module
Cooling slots
New Latch provided
(pre-installed on new
Panel)
New PCB and
power connector
Rear Panel
Easily
removable disks
22
Recording-rate capability vs time
100
Mark 7?
COTS Disk
Mark 6
Projection
10
Mark 5C
sk
i
D Mark 5B+
1
Mark 5A
Mark 4
VLBA
Mark 3
Gbps
0.1
p
Ta
e
0.01
Mark 2
mostly COTS
0.001
Mark 1
COTS
0.0001
1960
1970
1980
1990
2000
2010
2020
23
Recording-rate cost vs. time
105
Mark 1
COTS
104
Mark 2
mostly COTS
103
Ta p
e
Mark 3
VLBA
Mark 4
k$/Gbps
102
10
sk
Di
Mark 5A
Mark 5B+
Mark 5C
Mark 6
1
COTS Disk
Projection
Mark 7?
0.1
1960
1970
1980
1990
2000
2010
2020
24
Questions?

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