Deductive Traditional Rule-driven Top-down Usually the grammar rules are explained in a mini-lecture format. Students are allowed to practice the structure after they have been given the rule. Inductive Modern Rule-discovery Bottom up The teacher gives the students the structure in context and then the students try to form their own explanation of the rule. It is ELICITED from the students. This is a type of guided discovery. Deductive General rule Practice Inductive Specific examples General Rule Specific examples Practice Deductive good for Ss who are used to more traditional style more direct good for higher levels saves time better for older students Inductive student centered more interesting for students learn it better learn in context Ss involved in own learning better for lower levels More participation Deductive teacher centered not good for younger learners boring Ss are passive could be memorized Inductive can waste time if done improperly older Ss are not used to it Passive Voice Uses __________built the Pyramids. ______________carved this estilo. ___________________made this. ___________ wove this. Some Mayans built Tikal. Some French people built the Statue of Liberty. Who built the pyramids? Who built this? Who wove the fabric? The pyramids or the people who built it? The Statue of Liberty or the people who built it? Tikal or the people who built it? So, what are 2 reasons to use passive voice? 1. When we don’t know the subject. 2. When the object is more important than the subject.