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Learning the Multiplication Facts Part 1 By Monica Yuskaitis Multiplication Facts are easiest to learn when... You find patterns. You use rhymes. You use stories. You relate them to what you already know. Zero Pattern 0 times any number is 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 x x x x x x 3 7 4 1 0 9 = = = = = = 0 0 0 0 0 0 What is 0x8=0 One’s Pattern 1 times any number is the same number 1 1 1 1 1 1 x x x x x x 3 7 4 1 2 9 = = = = = = 3 7 4 1 2 9 What is 1x5=5 Two’s Pattern 2 times any number is that number doubled 2 2 2 2 2 2 x x x x x x 3 7 4 1 2 9 = = = = = = 6 14 8 2 4 18 What is 2 x 5 = 10 Five’s Pattern - Step 1 Cut the number you are multiplying in half 5 5 5 5 5 5 x x x x x x 3 7 8 1 2 6 = = = = = = 1.5 3.5 4 .5 1 3 Five’s Pattern - Step 2 If you are multiplying an odd number, drop the decimal point 5 5 5 5 5 x x x x x 3 7 5 1 9 = = = = = 1. 5 3. 5 2. 5 .5 4. 5 What is 5 x 7 =3 5 What is 5 x 3 =1 5 What is 5 x 9 =4 5 What is 5 x 5 =2 5 Five’s Pattern - Step 3 If you are multiplying an even number, just add a zero 5 5 5 5 5 x x x x x 2= 1 6= 3 4= 2 8= 4 10 = 5 0 0 0 0 0 What is 5 x 8 =4 0 What is 5 x 6 =3 0 What is 5 x 4 =2 0 What is 5 x 2 =1 0 Nine’s Pattern - Step 1 Subtract 1 from number you are multiplying 9 9 9 9 9 9 x x x x x x 3 7 8 1 2 6 = = = = = = 2 6 7 0 1 5 Nine’s Pattern - Step 2 Add a 2nd number that totals nine with the 1st number 9 9 9 9 9 9 x x x x x x 3 7 8 1 2 6 = = = = = = 2+ 7 = 6+ 3 = 7+ 2 = 0+ 9 = 1+ 8 = 5+ 4 = 9 9 9 9 9 9 What is 9 x 7 =6 3 What is 9 x 8 =7 2 What is 9 x 9 =8 1 What is 9 x 6 =5 4 What is 9 x 5 =4 5 What is 9 x 3 =2 7 What is 9 x 4 =3 6 What is 9 x 2 =1 8 Six’s Pattern (even #’s only) Step #1 Cut the number you are multiplying in half. 6 x 6 x 6 x 6 x 2 4 6 8 = = = = 1 2 3 4 Six’s Pattern (even #’s only) Step #2 The number you are multiplying by 6 is the 2nd #. 6 x 6 x 6 x 6 x 2 4 6 8 = = = = 1 2 3 4 2 4 6 8 What is 6 x 6 =3 6 What is 6 x 2 =1 2 What is 6 x 8 =4 8 What is 6 x 4 =2 4