Egg Market Evolution in the Mediterranean Basin Dr. Thomas Elam, President, FarmEcon LLC Data sources: • Egg production statistics are from FAO ProdStat database • Population data to 2050 are from UN population studies • GDP statistics are from World Bank, World Development Indicators database • U.S. egg feed costs are from USDA feed ingredient prices, FarmEcon costing formula • All data projections except population are from FarmEcon LLC 70 160 60 140 120 50 100 40 80 30 60 20 40 10 20 0 0 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2045 2050 Eggs Meat + Poultry Milk MIlk Kg/Capita Meat - Eggs Kg/Capita Projected Per Capita Production, Total Meat/Poultry, Milk and Eggs Meeting Growing Global Food Demand • Most significant long run challenge facing food producers • World’s population projected to hit about 9 billion by 2050 • Increasing incomes: demand for animal-based products increases faster than population. • Recent global egg production growth averaged about 2.2% per annum • 2014-2050 conservative 2% average per annum egg demand growth • Need about 100 million tons of egg production to meet potential 2050 demand • Meeting potential demand, while producing a safe, environmentally responsible, welfare friendly egg supply is going to be a major challenge • Up to the people in this room, and others like you around the world, to make it possible. • Opportunities to bring hen productivity up in middle income areas of the world • Doing so would go a long way toward meeting increasing food demand with minimal environmental impact. 2013-2050 CAGR 1.13% 0.81% 0.93% Element (UOM) Production (per cap) Production (per cap) Production (per cap) Agricultural Item (UOM) Eggs Total Meat Milk Population Population 0.81% Production (tonnes) Eggs Production (tonnes) Total Meat Production (tonnes) Milk 1.95% 1.63% 1.75% Coarse Grains Coarse Grains Coarse Grains Area harvested (Mill Ha) Yield (MT/Ha) Production (Mill MT) -0.25% 1.09% 0.83% Oilcrops Oilcrops Oilcrops Area harvested (Mill Ha) Yield (MT/Ha) Production (Mill MT) 1.08% 1.34% 2.43% Total Feed Crops Area harvested (Mill Ha) 0.45% Mediterranean Egg Industry Prospects The Global Scenario Today $0.38 Meeting Growing Global Food Demand • Global egg sector is a dynamic, growing, food source • Per capita consumption benefiting from income growth, especially in Asia and Africa. • The Mediterranean Basin region is sharing in this growth • But compared to the global industry not fully benefiting from income growth • Within the region a very wide range of economic and political situations, production systems, demand growth, and regulatory regimes • Yet, many common issues facing egg producers across the entire area • Hen productivity in many low productivity countries are a major opportunity to meet 2050 potential demand with minimal increase in hen numbers • Increased hen productivity would also effectively address many of the other major issues identified above.