1_Myanmar_NEP_overview_9-12-2014x

Report
Development of A Myanmar National Electrification
Plan Towards Universal Access 2015-2030:
An Overview
September 2014
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Workshop Agenda
Objective of this workshop
Why universal access?
 Is universal access by 2030 achievable in Myanmar?
(Section 1)
 How can universal access be achieved in Myanmar:
Introduction of a strategic national electrification plan
(NEP)? (Sections 2-4)
How can DPs contribute to NEP implementation?
(Sections 5-8)
Discussions and Q&As
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Electrification and Socioeconomic Development
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Electrification Rate Increased Rapidly in Vietnam
Between 1993-2011
2011
2004
100%
90%
1997
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
1993
1986
30%
20%
2.5
10%
0%
1976
1986
1996
2006
Laos also Made Rapid Progress in Electrification Since 1995
80%
Access to Electricity
2014
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
15%
1995
0%
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
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2008
2009
2010
2011
5
Asian Countries Saw Rapid Increase in Electrification Rate
at Relatively Low GDP Level
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Is universal access by 2030
achievable in Myanmar?
7
Government of Myanmar is Strongly Committed to Achieving
Universal Access to Electricity
• Goal to achieve > 50% coverage in 2016 - The Government is
developing an implementation plan to increase electricity
coverage in 2016.
• The President’s office has established a dedicated National
Electrification Executive Committee under the patronage of
the Vice President, and with union ministers of MOEP and
MLFRD as chair and co-chair respectively.
• Renewable Energy for Rural Electrification - A Rural
Electrification and Potable Water Resource Committee was
established where one of the mandates is to promote
renewable energy for rural electrification.
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Government Commitment to Universal Access Aligns with UN
Sustainable Energy for ALL (SE4ALL) Objectives
•
Myanmar and SE4LL - Myanmar endorsed the UN
SE4ALL Initiative, a goal to ensure universal access to
modern energy services by 2030, co-led by the UN
Secretary General and the President of the World Bank.
•
Myanmar an high impact country - Myanmar is
identified as one of the high impact countries that offer
the most potential to make rapid progress by SE4ALL.
•
Myanmar is one of the first countries, and currently the
only country in the East Asia and Pacific Region, to
receive significant grant support (approximately $2
million) from the World Bank/ESMAP SE4ALL Technical
Assistance Program.
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But Myanmar’s electrification challenge is immense…
The electrification rate is estimated at
33%...
2x
New household connections per year
Need to connect over
as many households per year
to reach universal electrification by 2030…
440,000
ESE
YESB
189,000
Require
d
130,000
59,000
2012
Source: MOEP (2011-2012), ESE, YESB data and Castalia estimations
Assumes 6.5 people in a household
For universal electrification by 2030
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It is impossible to meet this challenge without a
programmatic, sector-wide approach…
Countries that have achieved rapid electrification have relied
on Programmatic, Sector-wide approach
Governmen
t
Key Features :
Developmen
t Partners
Consumers

Coordinated least-cost
technical and investment
planning

Sustainable financing policy

Stable flow of funds

Results focused
Private
Stakeholder
s
Stakeholders
Sector
Ministries
Regulatory
Authority
Local
Governmen
t
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Utility
Myanmar National Electrification Plan (NEP) 2015-30
• NEP should be a comprehensive action plan for developing,
financing, and implementing electricity access scale-up
program nationwide, with the target of achieving universal
access by 2030.
• NEP would align support from different stakeholders with
the implementation program for achieving national access
targets and syndicates financing on a timely, ongoing and
programmatic basis.
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Component I: Geospatial Least Cost Electrification
Rollout Plan
A high level geospatial rollout plan
comprising:
•
•
Systematic grid network rollout
connection plan
Complementary spatial plans for
mini-grids and individual systems
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Component II: Road Map and Investment Prospectus
• Long-term and intermediate targets for 2015-2030
• Investment financing framework for the first 5 years
• Action plan to address enabling policy and institutional framework
• Capacity strengthening initiatives for key institutions and agencies
2030
2025
2014
2015
2020
2020
?
100%
?
?
?
33%
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Processes and Milestones
First Mission/
Workshop
May 2013
Second Mission/
Workshop
November 2013
Activities
- Establish dialogue with
Govt & other
stakeholders
- Share international
experience
-Discuss methodology
and work plan
-Continue dialogue
with stakeholders
Outputs
- Agree on the need of
an NEP and key work
areas
- Agree on
methodology,
milestones, and
working arrangements
- Develop scope of
work
- Hire consultants
- Develop methodology
and work plan
- Continue data
collection
- Interim results for
Kayin and Chin States
Follow-on
Work
Third Mission/
Workshop
March 2014
-Present and discuss
interim results
-Agree on institutional
framework options
- Feedback on
geospatial plan and IP
- Complete draft NEP
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Fourth Mission/
Workshop
Sep 2014
- Present draft final NEP
- Present investment
opportunities
- Govt commitment to NEP
adoption & implementation
- Link financiers w/
investment opportunities
- Finalize NEP
- Transfer data and
training
- Govt adopts NEP
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Implementation Arrangements
• MOEP and MLFRD jointly lead the NEP preparation with
participation from other member agencies of NEMC and REPWSC
and assistance from the World Bank.
• MOEP and MLFRD co-manage consultants together with World
Bank. This includes strategic guidance to data collection, review of
key deliverables, organization of workshops and study tours.
• Consultants work closely with the government teams throughout
the NEP preparation process
• Close coordination with ADB, JICA and other DPs on respective,
related initiatives.
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Consultant Teams
Two consulting firms were competitively selected to assist in
NEP development:
•Columbia University
— Geospatial least cost electrification rollout
plan, with experience in Indonesia, Kenya,
Nigeria, Tanzania, etc.
•Castalia
– Roadmap and Investment Prospectus, with
experience in Indonesia, Rwanda, Kenya, Vanuatu
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Thank You
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