Province of Turin - Osservatorio Europeo del Paesaggio di Arco Latino

Report
Province of Turin:
Integrated solid
waste management
Torino, Internship activities 28-31 Gennaio 2013
Outline
• Overview of the area, legislative
framework, integrated waste management
system
• Integrated cycle of waste
• Provincial Observatory on Waste
• Data on waste generation: residual waste
and separate collection
• Improvement policies
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Province of Turin and waste
management:
•
•
•
•
•
8 Basin Consortia
316 municipalities with 2.303.244 inh.
81% (255) with pop. < 5.000 inh.
9% (29) with pop. between 5 and 10.000
inh.
9% (28) with pop. between 10 and
50.000 inh.
1% (3) with pop. between 50 and
150.000 inh.
1 big size municipality (900.000 inh.)
•
•
•
Land area:
plain 27%
hilly 21%
mountainous 52%
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Government organisational structure and
duties:
NATIONAL GOVERNMENT–National laws, as directly applicable or after
transposition in the regional normative framework
REGION OF PIEMONTE– Regional laws, planning
PROVINCE OF TURIN
Programming
Authorising
Controlling
LOCAL AUTHORITY WASTE BOARD
(AMBITO TERRITORIALE OTTIMALE)
(service: PLANTS)
MANAGEMENT COMPANY
MANAGEMNET COMPANY
BASINS
BASIN CONSORTIUM
(service: COLLECTION )
MUNICIPALITIES
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The legislative framework:
EUROPE:
Directive 2008/98/EC (in transposition into the Italian national law)
ITALY:
D.Lgs. 152/2006 and s.m.i. (Environmental legislative framework-Testo Unico Ambientale)
D.L. 135/2009 (Decreto Ronchi) art. 15 – overcoming “in house”management from 2012
L 191/2009 – abolition of Consortia
L 42/2010 – abolition of Local Authority (ATO) waste board
PIEDIMONT REGION:
LR 24/2002 (waste management legislative framework) to be modified after D.Lgs 152/2006
LR n. 7/2012 “integrated water cycle and integrated solid waste management system”: definition of “Local
Conferences” (Province + Municipalities) with duties currently of Consortia and Local Authority (ATO) waste board
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PIEDIMONT REGION
1.
Applies and specifies through the regional
law the national legislative farmework
2.
Defines the ATO’s
3.
Regioanl Waste Mangement Plan
4.
Approval of the Provincial Waste
Management Plans (8 provinces)
LOCAL AUTHORITY WASTE BOARDS -Turin
1.
Local Plans (Piano d’ Ambito ) for the
disposal and treatment system
2.
Account the tarfiff for disposal and treatment
3.
Commit the building up and the mangement
of the plants and define their localisation
4.
Contro of the service management
FIRMS (PUBLIC OR
PRIVATE )
1.
2.
Management of the
service and/or of the
plants
Cash in the tariff
PROVINCE OF TURIN
1. draw a Provincial Waste Management Plan
2.
Define the criteria for the localisation , on the
bases of the flows straem defines the number
and the tyoe of the plants, the separate
collecyion and reduction
3.
Define the geographical bordens of the Basin
consotium
Authorise and control the plants (EIV)
4.
BASIN CONSORTIUM
1.
Organitazion of the collection
and transfer to the plants
2.
Account the tariff for collection
( together with the municipality)
3.
Commit the collection and
transport service
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MUNICIPALITIES
1.Define the Auhority of Public
Hygiene
2.Draw and approve the related
regulations
3.Apply the tariff (Tarsu, TIA),
sharing the costs on households
and business sector
Competences of the Province
LR 24/2002 and smi:
DLgs 152/2006 and smi:
• draw the Provincial Waste Management Plan
• functions of planning and management of the
recovery and disposal of waste in the provincial area
and in particular:
• coordination of the associations among who is
commited at realizing the integrated waste
managemnt system;
a)
• verify the implementation of the PWMP, also
through the Waste Provincial Observatory
Control of inteventions of remediation and
monitoring;
b)
•Periodic control on the management activities,
brokerage and trade of waste (included the
inspections of violations)
Periodic control on the management activities,
brokerage and trade of waste (included the
inspections of violations)
c)
…… Provide permits;
•Provide permits
d)
Identification of areas for the localization of
the disposal and recovery plants
• substitute of municipalities, consortium, mountain
communities and the basin consortium in case of lack
of their commintments.
• assure the solid waste manegement in the area of
the province and mangement of emergency situations
as a priority inside the area itself.
• environemntal education
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Il DLgs 152/2006 has not been
trasposed by the Piedimont Region
Waste hierarchy
Prevention
Preparing for
re-use
Recycling
Other kinds of recovery
(like Energy Recovery)
Disposal
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The Directive 2008/98/EC on waste, trasposed
into the italian legislative framework by the D.
Lgs 205/2010, requires that EU Member
States take appropriate measures in order to
promote :
• Prevention: reduction of waste generation,
of hazardous substances and negative
impacts of wastes on human health and the
environment;
• Preparing for re-use: control, cleaning,
dissambly and reparation operations, by
which products or components after
becoming waste can be re-used without any
additional pre-treatment;
• Recycling: any operation of recovery of
waste by which to obtain products, materilas
ore substances to be used for their original
function or for other pourposes;
• Energy Recovery
• Disposal that is the last phase.
Municipal waste integrated service
(r.l. 24/2002)
“All the interconnected activities, actions and
structures, that, organized following criteria of
protection of the environment, effectiveness,
efficiency and economy, allow at optimizing, in
terms of reduced environmental impact, the
operations of collection, separate collection,
transport, recovery and disposal of municipal
waste. "
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The integrated waste cycle
Generation
Collection
TreatmentRecovery
Disposal
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The Office Integrated Waste Cycle
of Province of Turin:
-
prepares and updates documents for waste management plans at
provincial level, in accordance with the national and regional legislation in
force;
-
promotes and coordinates actions and projects to implement the
integrated waste management system in particular by promoting,
financing and monitoring the implementation of local projects and the
building up of plants, by the consortia, municipalities and other
organizations;
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carries out coordination and communication activities within the subject
areas of expertise;
-
monitors the integrated waste cycle (generation, collection, recovery,
disposal) and the effectiveness of provincial and other institutions policies,
through the Provincial Observatory on Waste
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Planning the integrated waste cycle
• Analysis of the status quo - POW
(Provincial Observatory on Waste)
• Definition of goals, policies and actions:
PWMP
(Provincial Waste Management Program)
• Continuous monitoring - POW (setting of
choices)
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Provincial Observatory on Waste
Law no. 93, 23 March 2001 "Provisions in the
environmental field“, art. 10, paragraph 5
defines the creation of a network model of the National
Observatory on Waste which must have headquarters to
support the functions of monitoring, planning and control
of the Observatory itself, the provinces must then establish,
without additional burdens of public funds, within one
hundred twenty days from the date of entry into force of the
law, the provincial observatory on waste.
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Provincial Observatory on Waste
The Regional Law n. 59/95 establishes the Regional
Observatory on generation, disposal and reuse of waste.
The Province of Turin Observatory on waste is envisaged
in the first PWMP prepared by the Province of Turin (1998),
with functions of monitoring and instrumental support to the
implementation of the policies defined by the programming
tool.
The following programs will confirm and strengthen its
functions.
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The network model of the observatories
ONR
Basin
Consortia
ISPRA
OPR
acquisition
validation
formulation
Region of
Piemonte
Companies
Basin
Consortia
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Citizens and
workers
(publicprivate)
The POW’ activities
It monitors the status of the integrated cycle of municipal
waste management system:
• production (trend monthly and annual consolidated data,
disaggregated by type and municipality)
• collection (collection system used)
• quality (product analysis - IPLA)
• flows (origin, first and second destination, quialitativequantitative data)
• treatment (installed capacity power, annual contributions)
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The POW’ activities
It monitors the status of the integrated cycle of municipal
waste management system:
• disposal (authorized volumes, bi-annual transfers,
annual residual volumes)
• supporting structures (localization and service offered
by RDF)
• tariff of treatment/disposal (landfills and public treatment
plans for organic waste)
• costs of services (tariff charged for collection, transport,
selection, treatment, contributions to CONAI)
• agreements between institutions (Conai, consortia ....)
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The POW’ activities
It monitors the status of implementation of the
provisions of programming/planning tools:
• services (starting of integrated systems of SC)
• plants (construction phases of the new plants)
• policies (reduction, SC, prevention, ........)
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The POW’ activities
It monitors the status of implementation of the
provisions of programming/planning tools:
• services (starting of integrated systems of SC)
• plants (construction phases of the new plants)
• policies (reduction, SC, prevention, ........)
It provides data and information to other agencies
(ONR, ISPRA, region, ...) and institutional bodies
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The POW’ activities
The data set monthly and annually collected by the POW
are processed and systematized.
Publications are available on:
• web sites
– www.provincia.torino.it/ambiente/rifiuti/osservatorio/index
– www.beataladifferenziata.it
• Annual Report on the status of waste management
system
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Generation of municipal waste:
Province (Total)
Produzione totale di Rifiuti Urbani e variazione % rispetto all'anno precedente
1250000
2,4%
1200000
3,4%
1150000
1,2 %
t/a
3,3%
1100000
1,5 %
-1,3%
-0,03%
-1,9%
0,2 %
-2,6%
-0,1%
6,3%
-2.3%
1050000
Produzione effettiva
Obiettivi da PPGR 2006
1000000
950000
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
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2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Separate collection: Province (total)
60%
55%
51,7%
49,6%
49,2%
50%
52,1%
RD Provincia di Torino
46,4%
45%
48,6%
49,7%
50,1%
46,4%
Obiettivi PPGR 2006 per
l'ambito provinciale
41,2%
40%
44,0%
40,2%
36,3%
36,2%
35%
31,2%
30%
25%
25,2%
21,9%
20%
20,3%
18,0%
15%
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
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2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Improvement policies
Good practices in the provincial area:
REDUCTION
REUSE
SEPARATE COLLECTION
RICYCLE
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2006
• Auto composting– Ivrea Area (57 municipalities, 110,000 inhabitants)
• Collective auto composting through electromechanical machines - call Province of Turin
(testing)
• “ Mensamica” ..... - Turin and many other municipalities
• “ In the cradle + health - waste” ..... - Province of Turin, AMIAT
• “Municipalities for reducing” - Province of Turin
• “Riducimballi” - Piedmont Region, Torino Province, Municipalities
• “Ti Voglio Bere” (I want drink you)- Province of Turin, SMAT, Municipalities
• TRICICLO – AMIAT
• Punctual charging system - Area Chieri (19 municipalities, 118,000 inhabitants)
• Experimental system of punctual taxation - S. Antonino di Susa
• Integrated collection systems - “door to door” and evolutions
• Reuse of dust from PFU in road paving – testing
2012
• Competition for the best local projects for waste reduction
• Competition for the best projects of waste reduction and separate collection in public
schools
• Campaign “Blessed is he who makes it. All right ”.
•……..
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Road:
different materials are separately
collected using bins placed on the road:
there is no correlation between collection
containers and user. It is often the precise
placement of bins only for general waste
Main systems of separate
collection of municipal waste
Proximity:
bins are placed on public ground, often
the type of bins is complete: there is a
close correlation between bin and
user, in some cases the user is
equipped with a system to open the
bins.
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Domestic:
the different materials are separately collected
using bins “ entrusted” directly to the user :
there is maximum correlation between bin and
user.
Mixed:
Main systems of separate
collection of municipal waste
several systems for different materials are
used
In order to support different
collection systems in the province
of Turin, over the years 103
collection centers have been
created. These are essential
structures especially where the
domestic system is implemented.
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In the Province area all the collection systems have been adopted:
•
To better adapt to different areas
(metropolitan city, concentrated city, urban sprawl, rural areas,
mountainous areas ....)
•
To make more effective the result - cost of service ratio
•
because of non made choices ​(some municipalities, especially small
size town and in mountain areas continue to have only a road type
collection, sometimes incomplete)
The first policies of modification of separate collection system started
in 1998:
•
In that year the road type collection occurred in all the municipalities,
in some of them the separate collection as well (road type separate
collection)
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In that year the separate collection in the provincial area was 12,3%
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Collection systems in the Province of Turin
Nowadays, in about 270 municipalities (out of 316 of the whole
province) a non-road waste collection system occurs (or is being
activated) . The 270 municipalities account for almost 70% of the
population of the province of Turin.
The city of Turin is only partially served by non-road systems of
waste collection (253.000 inhab. Approximately of 905.000,
corresponding to the peripheral belt).
In the provincial area 103 collection centers are also active .
The percentage of recycling, thanks to the efforts of municipalities,
Basin Consortia, waste management public companies and to the
technical commitment and financial support of the Province of Turin,
has now firmly reached 50%.
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Non-road waste collection system
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Location of collection centers:
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Funding of projects:
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To achieve these results, the Province of Turin
committed the ecotax (environmental tax due
by municipalities for the landfill) in favour of municipalities and Consortia for:
– the activation of innovative systems of separate collection (mostly domestic, but
not only, and not as a forced choice),
– the realization of part of the existing collection centers,
– the shift from tax to tariff
– other measures to improve the separate collection, building up of plants,
reduction of generation of waste (including studies and researches,
communication activities, ....).
•
There was a financial commitment of 30 million euro in almost 11 years.
•
Grants have been given through 4 specific calls (2 for the collection system and 32for
the collection centers). Other general interventions have been added (separate
collection, infrastructure, projects of reduction, ...).
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Grants for the implementation of
non road collection services :
Call 2002-2004
Call 2005-2008
A portion (70%) of the extra
cost (difference between the
cost of the new collection
system and the cost of the
previuos year) was financed.
Fixed grant related to the
inhabitant of the municipality:
65 municipalities were financed
with about € 8.000.000
Financed (or in progress) 205
municipalities. Alrrady
appointed €6.500.000
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€ 12 up to 5.000 inh.
€ 10 between 5. 000 and
15.000 inh.
€ 8 over 15. 000 inh.
Grants for the building up or upgrading
of collection centers
Call 2004 and previous
incentives
Call 2008-2009
Grant of 40% of planning and
construction cost. Maximum
grant € 150.000
Grant of 50% of planning,
construction and
communication cost. Maximum
grant € 250.000
58 structures were financed
with about € 5.200.000
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€ 2.200.000 budgeted for 2008
and the first half of 2009
Contacts
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Province of Turin – provincial Observatory on Waste
Director Dr. Edoardo Guerrini
Manager Arch. Agata Fortunato
Corso Inghilterra 7, 10138 Torino
Tel 011-8616872
E-mail [email protected]
Web site:
www.provincia.torino.gov.it/ambiente/rifiuti/osservatorio/index
www.beataladifferenziata.it
Il Programma ENPI CBC Bacino del Mediterraneo

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