Chapter 8

Report
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Introduction to
Tourism Transport
SVEN GROSS
LOUISA KLEMMER
COMPLIMENTARY TEACHING
MATERIALS
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Chapter 8
Cruise Ships
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Cruise Ships
cruise ship: a passenger ship intended to provide passengers with a
full tourist experience. All passengers have cabins. Facilities for
entertainment aboard are included (Glossary of Transport Statistics,
2009)
cruise product
•
complex package of transportation, accommodation and leisure
facilities on board
•
itinerary of several destinations to be visited
•
overall experience is of primary importance
•
transportation itself plays only a secondary role
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Institutional Framework
IMO = International body responsible for maritime affairs
Treaty - UNCLOS maritime zones
Source : Adapted from The United Nations Convention on the
Law of the Sea, 1998
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Demand
•
•
•
fastest growing segment within the leisure travel market
average annual passenger growth rate: approx. 7.5%
between 1980 and 2012: 225 million passengers
International demand (numbers of passengers in millions)
25
20
2.91
15
10
2.18
2.25
1.37
1.45
3.44
4.05
4.46
5
10.38
10.45
10.29
10.4
11.11
11.5
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
1.29
5.54
6.18
0.87
2.14
5
6.91
0
2001
North America
Europe
Rest of the world
Source: Adapted from G.P. Wild, 2012
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Supply
Vessel
ownership
Ship owner
Management
Power of
disposition
Broker of the
ships
Independent shipping
company
Financing company
Leasin
g
Charte
r
Shipping company
Charter,
General
sales
agent,
Commissio
n sales
agreement
s
Cruise sales
Charter,
General sales agent,
Commission sales
agreements
Cruise sales
Charter
Tour operator
Cruise sales
Cruise sales
Cruise customer
Uncommon operating model
Source: Adapted from Gross, 2011
Common operating model
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Supply
Market shares of the major cruise shipping companies in 2010
(percentage share of berths)
Mediterranean
Shipping
Cruises
6%
Others
18%
Star Cruises
8%
Royal
Carnival
46%
Caribbean
Cruises
22%
Source: ISL, 2012; ships of 1000 gt and over
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Supply
Passenger capacity of world active cruise fleet 1990–2012
500
450
400
1000 berths
350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
1990
1992
1994
1996
1998
2000
2002
2004
Source: ISL, 2012; ships of 1000 gt and over
2006
2008
2010
2012
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Supply
World passenger and cargo passenger fleet: average size
development 1991-2012
12000
10500
gt
9000
7500
6000
4500
3000
1991
1993
1995
1997
Passenger ships
Source: ISL, 2012
1999
2001
2003
2005
Passenger/rorro cargo ships
2007
2009
2011
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