RRA CP Abdasa

Report
RRA CP
Abdasa - Kachchh
Arid Communities and Technologies
Satvik : Promoting Ecological Farming
PARAB
Kachchh Fruit, Fodder and Forest Development Trust
Shri Vivekanand Research and Training Institute
Project Area (1)
Project Area (2)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Total Villages in Taluka : 165
RRA CP Villages : 14 (12 GP)
Total Area of Taluka : 2,60,000 Ha
Total Area of CP Villages : 21,402 Ha
(8.25% of Taluka)
Agriculture Area : 4,965 Ha (23% of
CP Area)
Rainfed Area : 4,600 Ha (92.5% of CP
Agriculture Area)
Irrigated Area : 365 Ha (7.5% of CP
Agriculture Area)
Cattle : 4,300
Buffalo : 770
Sheep : 5,500
Goat : 4,100
•
Total CP Population :
– 5,455 (1320 Families)
•
CP Families Having Agriculture Land :
– 842 (64% of Total CP Families)
•
CP Families Having Rainfed Agril.
Land Only :
– 641 (76% of CP Land Holder)
•
CP Families Having Irrigated Agril.
Land Also :
– 201 (24% of CP Land Holder)
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Total CP Families : 1320
SC Families : 180 14%)
OBC : 780 (60%)
Project Area (3)
Rainfall vs Evaporation
400
350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
2000
1999
10
20
5
44
5
3
33
155
6
16
29
53
125 38
42
2
4
370 10
4
1
2
9
5
5
1
2
15
24
5
15
20
85
26
1
1
1
16
1
20
1
15
11
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
115 6
210 30
4
14
4
1
1
1
105 5
95
189
30
6
13
6
18
33
206 59
8
40
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Crop
Sown
(36)
1
18
100
10
1
1
1
1
1998
1997
1996
70
3
1995
1994
5
1993
1992
6
21
34
178 200
32
55
50
36
4
45
206
40
6
22
5
247 25
35
230 65
17
73
68
125 269 3
13
130
14
41
76
6
10
30
16
28
17
31
14
47
2
7
25
30
25
6
123
5
69
35
1991
1990
134 21
1989
1988
3
98
1987
1986
1985
1984
1983
24
1982
1981
1979
1980
345
55
8
22
471 170
3
8
22
12
43
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Good
Crop
Crop
Fail
10
20
10
90
65
103
43
2nd
3rd
2wk
DS
3wk
DS
4wk
DS
16
50
50
6
6
2
50
58
35
58
127
16
56
114 68
5
4
98
25
4th
1st
Oct
52
10
2
144
87
27
14
13
7
3rd
78
11
107
7
202
57
30
111 12
26
3
4
2nd
10
Sep
56
3rd
4th
1st
17
18
83
10
49
15
6
326 27
9
90
1st
2nd
25
Aug
162 78
4th
65
128
42
1st
2nd
3rd
8
5
3rd
4th
July
Evaporation (mm)
40
2nd
June
1978
1977
1976
1975
1974
1973
1972
1971
1970
1969
1968
1967
1966
Month Week
1965
Rainfall (mm)
1
330 mm Average Annual Rainfall
13 Average Rainy Days
Low and Erratic Rainfall
Drought Prone Area
Calcareous Sandy Loam Soils
Salinization of groundwater is the
also an issue
• Major Livelihood is mix of
Agriculture and Animal
Husbandry
• Kharif Rainfed Groundnut is the
major crop during good rainfall
years
• Pure Kankraj (indeginious cow
breed)stock still found in the area
mm
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•
5
Partnership
RAINFED & PGWM LINKAGE
RAINFED & GOVT LINKAGE
PARAB
ACT
COORDINATION
AND
ADVOCACY
KFFFDT
RAINFED & SERVICE (PROD.
CO.) LINKAGE
VRTI
SATVIK
CORE TECHNICAL
SUPPORT AND
CAPACITY BUILDING
SERVICE (PROD. CO.) LINKAGE
AND GOVT. LINKAGE
Strategy
• Capacity Building of Project Staff
– RRA, RRA CP FW, Approach
• Capacity Building of Villagers
– Work for Water vs RRA CP
• Data Collection
• Initial dialogue with Line Department to map out schemes and its
details
• Demonstrations
– To set example
– What is required to make it work
– Services provided through Producers Company
• Workshop with line department, producers company and villagers
on Successful Demonstrations
• Development of Proposals
Soil
Issue
Gap
Strategy with Achievement
Undulating
slope, high
runoff, low
moisture
holding
Absent of farm
Monitoring soil moisture for shallow and deep
buding programme plaughing
• 60 farms were monitored
Low soil
productivity
Declining trend in
application of
livestock manure
Land development through MNREGA
Low availability of
low C:N ratio
(green) material
Late sowing
Lack of draft
power
Demonstration with Deoiled Cake, Rock
Phosphate and Decomposer Bacteria Culture
• 58 compost heap implemented each of 2
MT - ATMA and RKVY
Gobar Gas to get digested slurry
• 6 new type of unit planned and farmers
identified - GAIC + RRA CP
Monitoring of actual time of sowing, soil
moisture and availability of draft power
• Due to extreme late rain this was not carried
out
Composting
Seed
Issue
Gap
Strategy with Achievement
Lack of
availability of
proper seed,
at proper
time and at
proper price
Market offers
variety of seeds
– how to know
which is good?
Producers Company should become service
provider
• Wheat seed was provided in Rabi, for Cotton and
Castor seed supply tie is made
Increasing trend
in rainfed
farerms to buy
seed after
rainfall
Local Seed production and Seed Bank
• Green Gram and Sesame seed production ATMA and Care Cargil
• 100 Kg Cluster Bean seed and 100 Kg Groundnut
seed was provided for Seed Production in this
Summer - Satvik, RRA CP
• 200 Kg Green Gram Seed will be supply for Kharif
- RKVY
High cost of
fodder seed
Tie Agriculture Department
• 860 Kg Sorghum seed was provided for summer
cultivation - Agri. Dept. for droguht
Seed Production
Water
Issue
Depleting
groundwater and
salinization of
groundwater
Gap
Strategy with Achievement
Over exploitation vs low
recharge
Awareness on limitations of aquifer
on which they are dependent
• Linking with PGWM
Implementation of
improper design of Drip
Irrigation System
Producers Company should become
service provider
• 6 acre implemented, 12 acre
planned - GGRC
Increase in cultivation of Demonstration of cultivation of green
green fodder crops under fodder crop under drip irrigation
flood irrigation
• 3 farmers identified - GGRC + RRA
CP
Erratic Rainfall
Protective Irrigation
Demonstration
• 50 acre protective irrigation from
small water body – RKVY 50%
subsidy on diesel engine and pipes
Water Conservation Awareness
Livestock (1)
Issue
Gap
Strategy with Achievement
Wastage of
fodder
Lack of chafing
facility at village
lvel
Chaffing Service Provider on Entrepreneurship
Model
• 3 entrepreneur identified, chaff cutter model
shortlisted – RKVY/RRACP + PC
Lack of
Health Care
Facility
Vaccinations are
available but lack
HR
Producers Company should become service
provider
• Livestock Camp Organized – AH Dept + PC
• 2379 FMD vaccine in Large Rumi. belonging to
305 Families
• Remaining will be covered in May
Only 1 VO in
Taluka
Producers Company should become service
provider
• LI treats avg. 12-15 cases per month
Livestock (2)
Issue
Spread of Brucellosis
through natural
services
Gap
Lack of awareness
Vaccines are not
available in market
Strategy with Achievement
NDDB + KNNA + PC have jointly
developed vaccination programme
for next 5 years
Layering
Drip Irrigation – 24 Acre
Gobar Gas - 6
Composting – 58
Protective Irrigation – 50 acre
Local Seed Production
Collective Seed Purchase
AH Services including Veterinary
Services
Chaff Cutter Services
Support form NODE
• Soil
– Training
• Water
– Groundwater related
training
– Moisture measurement
guidance
• Institution
– Provided insights on
institutional issues
Reflection
• Shift in discussion with villagers from WATER to
Agriculture Components
• Yet to identify resources for soil moisture conservation
work
• Need inputs form Institution Node on managing
relation between PC and CP Villages
• Need inputs from Research Node on analyzing data and
report preparation

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