Transformations

Report
Worksheet 8
Transformations
1. The derivations of the following sentences involve
transformations.
Write
the
corresponding
deep
structures for each, and draw the tree diagrams.
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a) Will the boss hire Hilary?
DS: The boss will hire Hilary.
b) Is that player leaving the team?
DS: That player is leaving the team.
c) Who will those immigrants live with?
DS: Those immigrants will live with who.
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d) What might Chris bake for the party?
DS: Chris might bake what for the party
e) Who should the director call?
DS: The director should call who
f) Who should call the director?
DS: Who should call the director.
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a)
CP
S
C
VP
NP
NP
Det
N
Infl
Infl
V
N
The
boss
e
will
hire
Hillary
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b)
CP
S
C
VP
NP
NP
Det
N
Infl
Infl
That
player
e
is
V
Det
leaving the
N
team
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c)
CP
C
S
VP
PP
NP
NP
NP
Det
N
Infl
Infl
Those immigrants
inversion
wh movement
will
e
V
P
N
live
with
who
e
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d)
CP
C
S
VP
NP PP
NP
e
N
Infl
Infl
Chris
might
e
inversion
wh movement
V
N
NP
P Det
bake what for
the
N
party
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e)
CP
C
S
VP
NP
NP
NP
Det
N
Infl
Infl
V
eN
The
director
should
e
call
who
inversion
wh movement
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f)
CP
S
C
Infl
VP
Infl
NP
NP
e
e
N
Who
inversion
wh movement
NP
V
should
Det
N
call the director
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2.Each of the following sentences contains a
relative clause. Write the deep structures and
draw the surface structure trees for each of
these sentences.
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a) The animals which Sam saw came from Kenya.
DS: The animals Sam saw which came from Kenya.
b) Kyle likes the girl whom June despises.
DS: Kyle likes the girl June despises whom.
c) The woman whom Keith lives with recycles plastic.
DS: The woman Keith lives with whom recycles plastic.
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SS: The animals which Sam saw came from Kenya
a)
S
Infl
NP
Pst
CP
VP
S
C
NP
Infl
PP
VP
NP
NP
Pst
Det
N
N
V
The
animals
Sam
saw
wh movement
e
N
NP
V
P
N
which came from Kenya 13
b)
S
SS: Kyle likes the girl whom June despises
VP
NP
NP
Infl
CP
non-Pst
S
C
m
N
V
Det
N
Kyle
likes
the
girl
NP
N
VP
Infl
NP
NP
non-Pst
V
despises
June
wh movement
N
e
who
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c)
SS: The woman whom Keith lives with recycles plastic
S
Infl
NP
non-Pst
CP
S
C
NP
VP
VP
Infl
PP
NP
NP
non-Pst
m
Det
N
N
V
P
The
woman
Keith
lives
with
wh movement
e
N
NP
V
N
who recycles plastic15
Thank You!
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