fiction-and-nonfiction-power-point

Report
Fiction
Non-Fiction
 A made up story
 Has facts that can be
 Can tell about things
checked and proven
 The author is an expert
on this information.
that could happen
 Is read for fun
 Characters may be like
real people or imaginary
Fiction
 Story is created from the
author’s imagination
 Stories are pretend
 Animals or objects can
talk, wear clothes, have
jobs
 People in the story can do
things people cannot
really do
 Story might have funny
pictures
There are three main forms of fiction.
1) Novel: long work of fiction; contains the basic
elements of fiction; may contain subplots along with
the main plot
Subplots: independent related stories
2) Novella: shorter than a novel but longer than a short
story
3) Short Story: brief work of fiction; contains basic
elements of fiction; one main plot; one conflict; most
can be read in one sitting
Picture books
Chapter books
Comics
Story books
Mystery (Nancy Drew)
Horror (Goosebumps)
Fantasy (Harry Potter)
Science-fiction (Star Wars)
Myths, Fairytales, Legends (Cinderella)
Historical Fiction (Letters from Rifka)
Can you name any others?
•Setting
•Character
•Plot
•Point of View
•Theme
•Symbolism
•Other
Nonfiction
 Story is true and factual
 Stories are about real





people
Book gives information
Might have maps or real
pictures
Pictures have captions
describing the photograph
An index in the back helps
find information
Might have a glossary
which defines some words
Text that is TRUE and based on REAL
information
Forms of Non-Fiction Text:
Newspapers
Dictionaries
Encyclopedias
Scholastic News
Textbooks
Magazines
Non-Fiction Books
Two broad categories of nonfiction are literary
nonfiction and functional texts.
1) Literary Nonfiction: has elements of fiction; For
example it might use vivid descriptions, a dramatic
writing style, or poetic language.
2) Functional Texts: give instructions, show directions,
explain rules, provide other information that helps
you complete procedures; often use illustrations or
graphics
 Autobiographies and memoirs:
tell the story of the author’s life
 Biographies:
tell the story of someone’s life from the
perspective of another writer
 Letters:
written communications from person to person
 Essays and Articles:
brief works about a specific topic
 Reviews:
tell what is good and what is bad about a work of
art or performance.
 Reports:
give information about a topic explored through
research
 Recipes: tell how to prepare food
 Directions: tell how to operate or assemble equipment
 Schedules: tell when events take place
 Menus: tell which foods are available and their cost
 Brochures: use pictures and text to advertise places or
events
 Maps: are diagrams that show areas of land
 Applications: are written requests to an authority
• Table of Contents
• Glossary
• Index
• Headings
• Bold Print
• Photographs/Real Pictures
• Charts, Graphs, and Maps
• Captions
• Fact and Opinion
Leave your notes on your desk!
Get out your practice paper!
Write “Features of Nonfiction” on your paper and then
answer the following.
 It tells you what is in the book
 It tells you the heading and the page number
 It is found in the front
Table of Contents
What is Fiction?
What is Non-Fiction?
Features of Non-Fiction
Forms of Non-Fiction
Page 1
Page 3
Page 5
Page 10
I can learn about the Features of Non-Fiction on page:
a. 1
b. 4
c. 5
 It gives you a word and its definition
 It is in alphabetical order
 The important words are in bold print
 Usually found in the back of the text
 A list in alphabetical order of common important
words or topics with page numbers
 Found in the back of the text
True or False:
Topics found in the index can appear on more than
one page in the text.
FALSE
TRUE
 They tell us what the new topic is about
 Found at the top of the page or at the beginning of
a new topic
 The print will be thicker and darker than other
words
 Found throughout the text
“This is a presentation on the features of
fiction and non-fiction. If this were a nonfiction book, you could go to the Glossary to
find the meanings of the words that are in
Bold Print.”
Which of the following words in the above paragraph
are in bold print?
a. fiction
b. features
c. Glossary
 They are real pictures or photographs, not drawings
or cartoons.
 Found throughout the text
 Illustrations of important information
 Found throughout the text
 A caption explains what a picture, chart, graph, or
map is about.
 Captions are found near a picture, chart, graph, or
maps
Example of a caption:
This is an image of a monarch
caterpillar taken at a butterfly garden
in Florida.
 A fact is a true statement.
 An opinion is something that someone thinks.
Fact or opinion?
Mrs. Greer’s room is
prettier than Mrs. Saylor’s room.
 It tells you what is in the book
 It tells you the heading and the page number
 It is found in the front
Table of Contents
What is Fiction?
What is Non-Fiction?
Features of Non-Fiction
Forms of Non-Fiction
Page 1
Page 3
Page 5
Page 10
c. 5
I can learn about the Features of Non-Fiction on page:
a. 1
b. 4
c. 5
 A list in alphabetical order of common important
words or topics with page numbers
 Found in the back of the text
TRUE
True or False:
Topics found in the index can appear on more than
one page in the text.
FALSE
TRUE
 The print will be thicker and darker than other
words
 Found throughout the text
a. fiction
“This is a presentation on the features of
fiction and non-fiction. If this were a nonfiction book, you could go to the Glossary to
find the meanings of the words that are in
Bold Print.”
Which of the following words in the above paragraph
are in bold print?
a. fiction
b. features
c. Glossary
 A fact is a true statement.
 An opinion is something that someone thinks.
Fact or opinion?
Mrs. Greer’s room is
prettier than Mrs. Saylor’s room.
Opinion
Leave your notes on your desk!
Get out your practice paper!
Write “Fiction/Nonfiction” on your paper and then
answer the following.
















a mouse that sings
how to cook spaghetti
the life of the president of the United States
a person who can jump over a house
flowers that sing
an elephant that wears a ballerina tutu
wild animals that live in Africa
the surface of the moon
a dog that can talk
how to grow a garden
a moose that can drive a bus
how the heart pumps blood in the body
a tree made of chocolate and gumdrops
which foods are healthy to eat
how to draw a bird
a snowman that comes to life
 Setting
 Character
 Point of View
 Plot
 Theme
 Narrator
the time, place and period in which the action
takes place.
The Catcher in the
Rye:New York,
1940s
Lord of the Flies:
deserted island, the
future.
The Bean Trees:
Arizona/Oklahoma
1980s.
 Where the story takes place. It could be a real place or
an imaginary place.
Time and place are where the action occurs
Details that describe:
 Furniture
 Scenery
 Customs
 Transportation
 Clothing
 Dialects
 Weather
 Time of day
 Time of year
Leave your notes on your desk!
Get out your practice paper!
Write “setting” on your paper and then answer the
following.
The people, animals, or things in the
story.
People
Animals
Or Creatures
 Physical appearance of character
 Personality
 Background/personal history
 Motivation
 Relationships
 Conflict
 Does character change?
“That rotten wolf
tried to eat us!!!!”
“I was framed! I
just wanted to
borrow a cup of
sugar!”
The series of
events and
actions that
takes place in a
story.
The theme of a piece of fiction is its message about life.
It usually contains some insight into the human
condition.
•In most short stories, the theme can be expressed in a
single sentence.
•In longer works of fiction, the central theme is often
accompanied by a number of lesser, related themes, or
there may be two or more central themes.
“Every man needs to feel allegiance
to his native country, whether he
always appreciates that country or
not.”
From “A Man Without a Country” by Edward Hale
Nonfiction often conveys a central
idea supported by details
Detail
Detail
Detail
Central
Idea
Detail
Detail
•
A speaker or a character who tells a story.
• The narrator’s perspective is the way he or
she sees things.
the dog is the
narrator?
Write 2
sentences as
the dog.
the kitten is the
narrator?
the little girl
holding the
kitten is the
narrator?
Write 2
sentences from
her perspective.
Write 2 sentences
from his
perspective.
A symbol represents an idea, quality, or concept larger than itself.
A Journey can symbolize
life.
Black can represent
evil or death.
Water may represent
a new beginning.
A lion could be a
symbol of courage.
•Dialogue is a conversation between two or more
characters.
“Where’s teacher?”
“She’ll be back.”
“She’d better hurry, we’ll miss it!”
From “All Summer in a Day” by Ray Bradbury
 Select a number 1-5
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
Haunted House
South Middle School
Walmart
Your house
Mrs. Hand’s classroom
Write one paragraph describing your setting. Please be
specific.
 Select a number 1-5
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
You
Scooby Doo
Edward Cullen
Lady Gaga
Minnie Mouse
Write three sentences describing your character.
(Character traits)
 Select a number between 1-3.
From your view point
2. From your character’s view point
3. From a different character’s view point (who?)
1.
 Create a story using your setting and character. Make
sure to tell the story from the perspective of the name
you selected for point of view.

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