Fiction Non-Fiction A made up story Has facts that can be Can tell about things checked and proven The author is an expert on this information. that could happen Is read for fun Characters may be like real people or imaginary Fiction Story is created from the author’s imagination Stories are pretend Animals or objects can talk, wear clothes, have jobs People in the story can do things people cannot really do Story might have funny pictures There are three main forms of fiction. 1) Novel: long work of fiction; contains the basic elements of fiction; may contain subplots along with the main plot Subplots: independent related stories 2) Novella: shorter than a novel but longer than a short story 3) Short Story: brief work of fiction; contains basic elements of fiction; one main plot; one conflict; most can be read in one sitting Picture books Chapter books Comics Story books Mystery (Nancy Drew) Horror (Goosebumps) Fantasy (Harry Potter) Science-fiction (Star Wars) Myths, Fairytales, Legends (Cinderella) Historical Fiction (Letters from Rifka) Can you name any others? •Setting •Character •Plot •Point of View •Theme •Symbolism •Other Nonfiction Story is true and factual Stories are about real people Book gives information Might have maps or real pictures Pictures have captions describing the photograph An index in the back helps find information Might have a glossary which defines some words Text that is TRUE and based on REAL information Forms of Non-Fiction Text: Newspapers Dictionaries Encyclopedias Scholastic News Textbooks Magazines Non-Fiction Books Two broad categories of nonfiction are literary nonfiction and functional texts. 1) Literary Nonfiction: has elements of fiction; For example it might use vivid descriptions, a dramatic writing style, or poetic language. 2) Functional Texts: give instructions, show directions, explain rules, provide other information that helps you complete procedures; often use illustrations or graphics Autobiographies and memoirs: tell the story of the author’s life Biographies: tell the story of someone’s life from the perspective of another writer Letters: written communications from person to person Essays and Articles: brief works about a specific topic Reviews: tell what is good and what is bad about a work of art or performance. Reports: give information about a topic explored through research Recipes: tell how to prepare food Directions: tell how to operate or assemble equipment Schedules: tell when events take place Menus: tell which foods are available and their cost Brochures: use pictures and text to advertise places or events Maps: are diagrams that show areas of land Applications: are written requests to an authority • Table of Contents • Glossary • Index • Headings • Bold Print • Photographs/Real Pictures • Charts, Graphs, and Maps • Captions • Fact and Opinion Leave your notes on your desk! Get out your practice paper! Write “Features of Nonfiction” on your paper and then answer the following. It tells you what is in the book It tells you the heading and the page number It is found in the front Table of Contents What is Fiction? What is Non-Fiction? Features of Non-Fiction Forms of Non-Fiction Page 1 Page 3 Page 5 Page 10 I can learn about the Features of Non-Fiction on page: a. 1 b. 4 c. 5 It gives you a word and its definition It is in alphabetical order The important words are in bold print Usually found in the back of the text A list in alphabetical order of common important words or topics with page numbers Found in the back of the text True or False: Topics found in the index can appear on more than one page in the text. FALSE TRUE They tell us what the new topic is about Found at the top of the page or at the beginning of a new topic The print will be thicker and darker than other words Found throughout the text “This is a presentation on the features of fiction and non-fiction. If this were a nonfiction book, you could go to the Glossary to find the meanings of the words that are in Bold Print.” Which of the following words in the above paragraph are in bold print? a. fiction b. features c. Glossary They are real pictures or photographs, not drawings or cartoons. Found throughout the text Illustrations of important information Found throughout the text A caption explains what a picture, chart, graph, or map is about. Captions are found near a picture, chart, graph, or maps Example of a caption: This is an image of a monarch caterpillar taken at a butterfly garden in Florida. A fact is a true statement. An opinion is something that someone thinks. Fact or opinion? Mrs. Greer’s room is prettier than Mrs. Saylor’s room. It tells you what is in the book It tells you the heading and the page number It is found in the front Table of Contents What is Fiction? What is Non-Fiction? Features of Non-Fiction Forms of Non-Fiction Page 1 Page 3 Page 5 Page 10 c. 5 I can learn about the Features of Non-Fiction on page: a. 1 b. 4 c. 5 A list in alphabetical order of common important words or topics with page numbers Found in the back of the text TRUE True or False: Topics found in the index can appear on more than one page in the text. FALSE TRUE The print will be thicker and darker than other words Found throughout the text a. fiction “This is a presentation on the features of fiction and non-fiction. If this were a nonfiction book, you could go to the Glossary to find the meanings of the words that are in Bold Print.” Which of the following words in the above paragraph are in bold print? a. fiction b. features c. Glossary A fact is a true statement. An opinion is something that someone thinks. Fact or opinion? Mrs. Greer’s room is prettier than Mrs. Saylor’s room. Opinion Leave your notes on your desk! Get out your practice paper! Write “Fiction/Nonfiction” on your paper and then answer the following. a mouse that sings how to cook spaghetti the life of the president of the United States a person who can jump over a house flowers that sing an elephant that wears a ballerina tutu wild animals that live in Africa the surface of the moon a dog that can talk how to grow a garden a moose that can drive a bus how the heart pumps blood in the body a tree made of chocolate and gumdrops which foods are healthy to eat how to draw a bird a snowman that comes to life Setting Character Point of View Plot Theme Narrator the time, place and period in which the action takes place. The Catcher in the Rye:New York, 1940s Lord of the Flies: deserted island, the future. The Bean Trees: Arizona/Oklahoma 1980s. Where the story takes place. It could be a real place or an imaginary place. Time and place are where the action occurs Details that describe: Furniture Scenery Customs Transportation Clothing Dialects Weather Time of day Time of year Leave your notes on your desk! Get out your practice paper! Write “setting” on your paper and then answer the following. The people, animals, or things in the story. People Animals Or Creatures Physical appearance of character Personality Background/personal history Motivation Relationships Conflict Does character change? “That rotten wolf tried to eat us!!!!” “I was framed! I just wanted to borrow a cup of sugar!” The series of events and actions that takes place in a story. The theme of a piece of fiction is its message about life. It usually contains some insight into the human condition. •In most short stories, the theme can be expressed in a single sentence. •In longer works of fiction, the central theme is often accompanied by a number of lesser, related themes, or there may be two or more central themes. “Every man needs to feel allegiance to his native country, whether he always appreciates that country or not.” From “A Man Without a Country” by Edward Hale Nonfiction often conveys a central idea supported by details Detail Detail Detail Central Idea Detail Detail • A speaker or a character who tells a story. • The narrator’s perspective is the way he or she sees things. the dog is the narrator? Write 2 sentences as the dog. the kitten is the narrator? the little girl holding the kitten is the narrator? Write 2 sentences from her perspective. Write 2 sentences from his perspective. A symbol represents an idea, quality, or concept larger than itself. A Journey can symbolize life. Black can represent evil or death. Water may represent a new beginning. A lion could be a symbol of courage. •Dialogue is a conversation between two or more characters. “Where’s teacher?” “She’ll be back.” “She’d better hurry, we’ll miss it!” From “All Summer in a Day” by Ray Bradbury Select a number 1-5 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Haunted House South Middle School Walmart Your house Mrs. Hand’s classroom Write one paragraph describing your setting. Please be specific. Select a number 1-5 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. You Scooby Doo Edward Cullen Lady Gaga Minnie Mouse Write three sentences describing your character. (Character traits) Select a number between 1-3. From your view point 2. From your character’s view point 3. From a different character’s view point (who?) 1. Create a story using your setting and character. Make sure to tell the story from the perspective of the name you selected for point of view.