Fiction Non-Fiction A made up story Has facts that can be Can tell about things checked and proven The author is an expert on this information. that could happen Is read for fun Characters may be like real people or imaginary Fiction Story is created from the author’s imagination Stories are pretend Animals or objects can talk, wear clothes, have jobs People in the story can do things people cannot really do Story might have funny pictures There are three main forms of fiction. 1) Novel: long work of fiction; contains the basic elements of fiction; may contain subplots along with the main plot Subplots: independent related stories 2) Novella: shorter than a novel but longer than a short story 3) Short Story: brief work of fiction; contains basic elements of fiction; one main plot; one conflict; most can be read in one sitting Mystery (Nancy Drew) Horror (Goosebumps) Fantasy (Harry Potter) Science-fiction (Star Wars) Myths, Fairytales, Legends (Cinderella) Historical Fiction (Letters from Rifka) Nonfiction Story is true and factual Stories are about real people Book gives information Might have maps or real pictures Pictures have captions describing the photograph An index in the back helps find information Might have a glossary which defines some words Text that is TRUE and based on REAL information Forms of Non-Fiction Text: Newspapers Dictionaries Encyclopedias Scholastic News Textbooks Magazines Non-Fiction Books Two broad categories of nonfiction are literary nonfiction and functional texts. 1) Literary Nonfiction: has elements of fiction; For example it might use vivid descriptions, a dramatic writing style, or poetic language. 2) Functional Texts: give instructions, show directions, explain rules, provide other information that helps you complete procedures; often use illustrations or graphics Autobiographies and memoirs: tell the story of the author’s life Biographies: tell the story of someone’s life from the perspective of another writer Letters: written communications from person to person Recipes: tell how to prepare food Directions: tell how to operate or assemble equipment Schedules: tell when events take place Menus: tell which foods are available and their cost Brochures: use pictures and text to advertise places or events Maps: are diagrams that show areas of land Applications: are written requests to an authority how to cook spaghetti the life of the president of the United States a person who can jump over a house flowers that sing an elephant that wears a ballerina tutu wild animals that live in Africa the surface of the moon which foods are healthy to eat how to draw a bird a snowman that comes to life Setting Character Point of View Plot Theme Narrator the time, place and period in which the action takes place. Can be a real place or imaginary The Catcher in the Rye:New York, 1940s Lord of the Flies: deserted island, the future. The Bean Trees: Arizona/Oklahoma 1980s. Details that describe: Furniture Scenery Customs Transportation Clothing Dialects Weather Time of day Time of year The people, animals, or things in the story. People Animals Or Creatures Physical appearance of character Personality Background/personal history Motivation Relationships Conflict Does character change? First person point of view: The story is told by a character who participates in the action of the story Third Person point of view: The story is told by a narrator outsie the story The series of events and actions that takes place in a story. The theme of a piece of fiction is its message about life. It usually contains some insight into the human condition. •In most short stories, the theme can be expressed in a single sentence. •In longer works of fiction, the central theme is often accompanied by a number of lesser, related themes, or there may be two or more central themes. “Every man needs to feel allegiance to his native country, whether he always appreciates that country or not.” From “A Man Without a Country” by Edward Hale •Dialogue is a conversation between two or more characters. “Where’s teacher?” “She’ll be back.” “She’d better hurry, we’ll miss it!” From “All Summer in a Day” by Ray Bradbury Select a number 1-5 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Haunted House South Middle School Walmart Your house Mrs. Hand’s classroom Write three sentences describing your setting. Please be specific. Select a number 1-5 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. You Scooby Doo Edward Cullen Lady Gaga Minnie Mouse Write three sentences describing your character. (Character traits) Select a number between 1-3. From your view point 2. From your character’s view point 3. From a different character’s view point (who?) 1. You will take the sentences you just wrote and put the information together to create a story. (Minimum 2 paragraphs) Make sure to tell the story from the perspective of the name you selected for point of view.