By Vena Rodriguez, Renee Antonio and Arianna Nieves USA USSR UK France People's Republic of China Laos Cambodia Vietnam (Viet Minh and anti-Communist delegates) Immediate Causes the communist movement attacks the capital of Vietnam Vietnam had support of china who's had the support of the USSR, the USA and NATO felt the need I come to the Vietnam government defense cause the French were there in great numbers like a colony Long-term Causes fear of communism invasion of French shortly after WWII; French created and imbalance in the styles of the Vietnamese making the country unstable Vietnam suffered under French colonial rule or nearly six decades and wee not happy with the way they were being treated Short Term Causes the American invading to stop the spread of communism the split of north Vietnam and south Vietnam led to the formation of the Vietcong civil war between the Vietnam cong and the south Vietnamese led tithe America s sending in ground troops Diem and his brother, Ngo Nhu started raiding Buddhist pagodas in South Vietnam saying that “they were harboring communism” There were 53 battles in total, with the names of: Battle of Ap Bac – January 2, 1963 Battle of Kien Long – April 11–15, 1964 Battle of Thanh Hóa – July 31, 1964 Battle of Binh Gia – December 28, 1964 – January 1, 1965 Battle of Dong Xoai – June 10, 1965 Battle near Minh Thanh – October 25–27, 1965 Battle of Ia Drang – November 14–16, 1965 Battle of Cu Nghi – January 28–31, 1966 Battle of Kim Son Valley – February 16–28, 1966 Battle of A Shau – March 9–10, 1966 Battle of Xa Cam My – April 11–12, 1966 First Battle of Dong Ha – Late May – June, 1966 Battle of Binh Ba – June 6–8, 1969 Firebase Ripcord – March 12 – July 23, 1970 Cambodian Incursion – April 29 – July 22, 1970 Battle of Snoul – January 5 – May 30, 1971 Battle of Long Khanh – June 6–7, 1971 Easter Offensive – March 30 – October 22, 1972 First Battle of Quảng Trị – March 30 – May 1, 1972 Battle of Loc Ninh – April 4–7, 1972 Battle of An Loc – April 20 – July 20, 1972 Second Battle of Quảng Trị – June 28 – September 16, 1972 Battle of Phuoc Long – December 13, 1974 – January 6, 1975 Battle of Buon Me Thuot – March 10–12, 1975 Battle of Xuan Loc – April 9–20, 1975 Battle of Tator Tot cassle - September 8–29, 1975 Battle on Minh Thanh Road – July 9, 1966 Battle of Đức Cơ – August 9, 1966 Battle of Long Tần – August 18- August 19, 1966 Viet Cong attack on Tan Son Nhut airbase – December 4, 1966 Battle of LZ Bird – December 27, 1966 Battle of Tra Binh Dong – February 14– 15, 1967 Battle of Ap My An – February 17, 1967 Battle of Hills 881 and 861 – April 24 – May 9, 1967 Nine Days in May – May 18–28, 1967 Battle of Vinh Huy – May 30 – June 2, 1967 Battle of Con Thien – July 2–3, 1967 Battle of Dong Son – September 4, 1967 Battle of Ong Thang – October 17, 1967 First Battle of Loc Ninh – October 29 – November, 1967 Battle of Dak To – November 3–22, 1967 Battle in the Mekong Delta – December 4, 1967 Battle of Tam Quan – December 6–20, 1967 Battle of Thom Tham Khe – December 27– 28, 1967 Battle of Khe Sanh – January 21 – April 8, 1968 Tet Offensive – January 30 – February 25, 1968 Battle of Bien Hoa (1968) – January 24 – March 1, 1968 First Battle of Saigon – January 31, – February 3, 1968 Battle of Huế – January 31, – February 25, 1968 Battle of Kham Duc – May 10–12, 1968 Battle of Coral-Balmoral – May 12 – June 6, 1968 Tet 1969 – February 1969 Battle of Hamburger Hill – May 10–20, 1969 North Vietnam vs South Vietnam help from Viet Cong, Khmer Rouge and Pathet Lao were supported by North Korea, People's Republic of China, the Soviet Union and Cuba got help from the U.S., Korea, Australia, the Philippines, New Zealand, Thailand, Khmer Republic, Kingdom of Laos, Republic of China, and support from Spain. November 1, 1955 - April 30, 1975 North Vietnam and Viet Cong won Communists take power in Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos American forces withdrew Indochina Vietnam reunites Between 1-2 million Vietnamese deaths The Vietnam War was reported by the Defense Department to have cost $173 billion. Benefits for veterans have added $250 billion to that amount. The biggest cost of the war however was the severe impact on the economy of the time. Agriculture in Vietnam suffered greatly due to the American military deliberately destroying farmland and rice paddies with powerful chemical herbicides. Meanwhile in the US, Johnson was forced to raise taxes as defense spending and inflation grew. The majority of women serving in Vietnam were voluntary nurses. They were trained by being given mock set-ups of battlefield casualties in order to prepare them for the real war and the real casualties. Back in the US, women were demanding to be heard and expressed themselves through protest. In January 1968, 10,000 women led by Jeanette Rankin took part in a peaceful, march on Washington in protest against the Vietnam War Vietnam was united; there was no longer a “north” or “south” Vietnam. The Vietnamese had to be extremely cautious of unexploded bombs that had fallen in working areas. Also, a chemical commonly known as “Agent Orange” had left its mark on the land and was a major health hazard to civilians. The chemical also caused major physical deformities during birth. Back in the US, Americans had become increasingly distrustful of their government officials. However, some positive change such as advances in civil rights, increased influence of the women’s movement, a heightened concern for the environment, and increased space exploration was brought about. Also, radical ideas of the time became mainstream and the American culture flourished. In 1960, a group of young people known as the Students for a Democratic Society came along to urge participatory democracy. They also believed that all Americans should have a larger say ob major economic, political, and social issues that shape the nation. The group was highly critical of the focus on career advancement, material possessions, military strength, and racism that existed in America’s society. 100,000 young citizens had joined SDS by 1968. Between 1968 and 1970, things began to turn violent. At a Democratic National Convention in Chicago, anti-war demonstrators and police clashed resulting in photographs of officers beating students. These violent images shocked the American television audience. Another event that caused uproar occurred at Ohio’s Kent State University. At an anti-war protest, National Guards gunned down four student protestors.