VIETNAM WAR[1] - 20thCenturyConflicts

Report
By Vena Rodriguez, Renee Antonio and Arianna Nieves
 USA
 USSR
 UK
 France
 People's Republic of China
 Laos
 Cambodia
 Vietnam (Viet Minh and
anti-Communist delegates)
Immediate Causes
 the communist movement
attacks the capital of
Vietnam
 Vietnam had support of
china who's had the
support of the USSR, the
USA and NATO felt the
need I come to the
Vietnam government
defense cause the French
were there in great
numbers like a colony
Long-term Causes
 fear of communism
 invasion of French shortly
after WWII; French
created and imbalance in
the styles of the
Vietnamese making the
country unstable
 Vietnam suffered under
French colonial rule or
nearly six decades and wee
not happy with the way
they were being treated
Short Term Causes
 the American invading to
stop the spread of
communism
 the split of north Vietnam
and south Vietnam led to
the formation of the
Vietcong
 civil war between the
Vietnam cong and the
south Vietnamese led tithe
America s sending in
ground troops
 Diem and his brother, Ngo
Nhu started raiding
Buddhist pagodas in South
Vietnam saying that “they
were harboring
communism”
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There were 53 battles in total, with the names
of:
Battle of Ap Bac – January 2, 1963
Battle of Kien Long – April 11–15, 1964
Battle of Thanh Hóa – July 31, 1964
Battle of Binh Gia – December 28, 1964 –
January 1, 1965
Battle of Dong Xoai – June 10, 1965
Battle near Minh Thanh – October 25–27, 1965
Battle of Ia Drang – November 14–16, 1965
Battle of Cu Nghi – January 28–31, 1966
Battle of Kim Son Valley – February 16–28, 1966
Battle of A Shau – March 9–10, 1966
Battle of Xa Cam My – April 11–12, 1966
First Battle of Dong Ha – Late May – June, 1966
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Battle of Binh Ba – June 6–8, 1969
Firebase Ripcord – March 12 – July 23, 1970
Cambodian Incursion – April 29 – July 22, 1970
Battle of Snoul – January 5 – May 30, 1971
Battle of Long Khanh – June 6–7, 1971
Easter Offensive – March 30 – October 22, 1972
First Battle of Quảng Trị – March 30 – May 1,
1972
Battle of Loc Ninh – April 4–7, 1972
Battle of An Loc – April 20 – July 20, 1972
Second Battle of Quảng Trị – June 28 –
September 16, 1972
Battle of Phuoc Long – December 13, 1974 –
January 6, 1975
Battle of Buon Me Thuot – March 10–12, 1975
Battle of Xuan Loc – April 9–20, 1975
Battle of Tator Tot cassle - September 8–29,
1975
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Battle on Minh Thanh Road – July 9,
1966
Battle of Đức Cơ – August 9, 1966
Battle of Long Tần – August 18- August
19, 1966
Viet Cong attack on Tan Son Nhut
airbase – December 4, 1966
Battle of LZ Bird – December 27, 1966
Battle of Tra Binh Dong – February 14–
15, 1967
Battle of Ap My An – February 17, 1967
Battle of Hills 881 and 861 – April 24 –
May 9, 1967
Nine Days in May – May 18–28, 1967
Battle of Vinh Huy – May 30 – June 2,
1967
Battle of Con Thien – July 2–3, 1967
Battle of Dong Son – September 4,
1967
Battle of Ong Thang – October 17, 1967
First Battle of Loc Ninh – October 29 –
November, 1967
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Battle of Dak To – November 3–22, 1967
Battle in the Mekong Delta – December 4,
1967
Battle of Tam Quan – December 6–20, 1967
Battle of Thom Tham Khe – December 27–
28, 1967
Battle of Khe Sanh – January 21 – April 8,
1968
Tet Offensive – January 30 – February 25,
1968
Battle of Bien Hoa (1968) – January 24 –
March 1, 1968
First Battle of Saigon – January 31, –
February 3, 1968
Battle of Huế – January 31, – February 25,
1968
Battle of Kham Duc – May 10–12, 1968
Battle of Coral-Balmoral – May 12 – June 6,
1968
Tet 1969 – February 1969
Battle of Hamburger Hill – May 10–20,
1969
North Vietnam vs South Vietnam
 help from Viet Cong, Khmer
Rouge and Pathet Lao
 were supported by North Korea,
People's Republic of China, the
Soviet Union and Cuba
 got help from the U.S., Korea,
Australia, the Philippines, New
Zealand, Thailand, Khmer
Republic, Kingdom of Laos,
Republic of China, and support
from Spain.
November 1, 1955 - April 30, 1975
 North Vietnam and Viet Cong won
 Communists take power in Vietnam,
Cambodia, and Laos
 American forces withdrew
Indochina
 Vietnam reunites
 Between 1-2 million
Vietnamese deaths
 The Vietnam War was reported by the
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Defense Department to have cost $173
billion.
Benefits for veterans have added $250
billion to that amount.
The biggest cost of the war however was
the severe impact on the economy of the
time.
Agriculture in Vietnam suffered greatly
due to the American military deliberately
destroying farmland and rice paddies with
powerful chemical herbicides.
Meanwhile in the US, Johnson was forced
to raise taxes as defense spending and
inflation grew.
 The majority of women serving in
Vietnam were voluntary nurses.
 They were trained by being given
mock set-ups of battlefield
casualties in order to prepare them
for the real war and the real
casualties.
 Back in the US, women were
demanding to be heard and
expressed themselves through
protest.
 In January 1968, 10,000 women led
by Jeanette Rankin took part in a
peaceful, march on Washington in
protest against the Vietnam War
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Vietnam was united; there was no longer a “north”
or “south” Vietnam.
The Vietnamese had to be extremely cautious of
unexploded bombs that had fallen in working
areas. Also, a chemical commonly known as
“Agent Orange” had left its mark on the land and
was a major health hazard to civilians. The
chemical also caused major physical deformities
during birth.
Back in the US, Americans had become
increasingly distrustful of their government
officials.
However, some positive change such as advances
in civil rights, increased influence of the women’s
movement, a heightened concern for the
environment, and increased space exploration was
brought about.
Also, radical ideas of the time became mainstream
and the American culture flourished.
 In 1960, a group of young people known as the Students for a Democratic
Society came along to urge participatory democracy. They also believed that all
Americans should have a larger say ob major economic, political, and social
issues that shape the nation. The group was highly critical of the focus on
career advancement, material possessions, military strength, and racism that
existed in America’s society. 100,000 young citizens had joined SDS by 1968.
 Between 1968 and 1970, things began to turn violent. At a Democratic National
Convention in Chicago, anti-war demonstrators and police clashed resulting in
photographs of officers beating students. These violent images shocked the
American television audience. Another event that caused uproar occurred at
Ohio’s Kent State University. At an anti-war protest, National Guards gunned
down four student protestors.

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