FLYP Workshop: Fizz, Boom School Age Activities! How to make a flying bologna: 1. 2. 3. Cut two fun foam circles 4-5 inches in diameter. Using a hot melt glue gun, glue a metal washer onto the middle of one circle. (The added weight will help it fly.) Then hot glue the two circles together so that the washer is hidden inside. After cooling, your bologna is ready to fly! You will need: Paper Crayons Watercolor paint Paintbrush States of Matter: Solids, Liquids And Gases Draw on the paper with the crayons. Paint on the paper with the watercolor paint. The places where the crayon is will resist the paint. States of Matter: It’s not a liquid. Colloids, It’s not a solid. Liquid or Solid? It’s a colloid, and it’s packed with unstoppable fun! You will need: Cornstarch Glass of water Mixing bowl + Place 2-3 heaping spoonful's of cornstarch in the bowl. Add some water. Mix with your hands until the mixture becomes doughy. Then lift up the dough and see what happens! This is called a nonNewtonian fluid. Discovering Air: Activities to Blow Young(ish) Minds Sharp Object Alert! Make a pencil pinwheel by sticking a into the eraser to anchor the corners! Discovering Air: Activities to blow young minds! Thread the yarn through the toilet paper tube. Have 2 people hold the yarn straight across. Blow up the balloon and place the binder clip over the opening to hold in the air. Tape the balloon directly under the toilet paper tube. Take the binder clip off and see what happens! Propel a balloon across the room: All you need is: yarn, a toilet paper tube, a deflated balloon, some tape and a binder clip. Do you think a balloon can be inflated with baking soda and vinegar? You bet! 4 ounces vinegar 2 tablespoons baking soda States of Matter: Gas Place 4 ounces of vinegar into an empty plastic bottle. Place the 2 tablespoons of baking soda in the deflated balloon. Place the balloon over the bottle top securely, and make sure the baking soda gets dropped into the vinegar. Gas will form and inflate the balloon. This is a smelly activity! You will need: Red Cabbage Purified water Coffee filter Strainer Blender It’s time to experiment! + Step #1 + Peel off 2 leaves of red cabbage and place them in the blender. Blend until liquefied. Place the coffee filter in the strainer and strain the juice into a glass or jar. Add purified water. Chemistry: Acids & Bases Pour some of the cabbage juice into another glass. Add some distilled white vinegar. This acid will cause the cabbage to turn pale purple. Step#2 Step#3 Pour some of the soap into another glass of cabbage liquid. This base will cause the cabbage to turn green. Chemistry: Acids & Bases Magical beads! You will need: Paper baby diaper Glass of water Scissors Glass pan Cut the diaper in half (where the blue strip is located). Pour the sand ,like beads, into the glass pan. Add some of the water. Let set for a few minutes. This will become a polymer. 1. 2. 3. 4. Secure a wooden match with a lump of clay or play dough to a ceramic plate. Carefully light the match. Place a glass over the flaming match and wait. What happened? Fire needs oxygen to burn. If this is true, then the opposite should also be true. The absence of oxygen will put out a flame. Let’s try it and see what happens! Electrical Reactions: Metal conducts electricity, and batteries store electrical energy. If we tape a strip of aluminum foil to both ends of a D cell battery, will a reaction occur? Let’s try it and see! 1. 2. 3. 4. Place a few drops of taco sauce on your penny. 2. Now rub it for 30 seconds. 3. Rinse and dry your penny. 4. Remove the tape. Step #1 In preparation for this activity, cover half of the face of each penny with removable painter’s tape. This serves as a control to identify changes that occurs. Now read the hot sauce packet to identify the ingredients: Water Tomato Paste Vinegar Salt Step #2 Step #3 In order to find out which ingredient(s) are the one(s) cleaning the penny, we need to create Control Groups. 1. Water 2. Tomato Paste 3. Vinegar 4. Salt 5. Water + Tomato Paste 6. Water + Vinegar 7. Water + Salt 8. Tomato Paste + Vinegar 9. Tomato Paste + Salt 10. Vinegar + Salt Which ingredient(s) are actually doing the work? Let’s take a look at our results! 1. Water 2. Tomato Paste 3. Vinegar 4. Salt 5. Water + Tomato Paste 6. Water + Vinegar 7. Water + Salt 8. Tomato Paste + Vinegar 9. Tomato Paste + Salt 10. Vinegar + Salt * Because this experiment is based on the chemical reaction of acids and bases, results may vary depending on the quantities of active ingredients. Step #4 Activate a red, green and blue glow stick, and then carefully cut off the tops one at a time. Physics: Light, Color & Luminescence Pour the glowing substance from each vile into a glass, mixing it gently with one of the empty tubes. Now turn off the lights. What color is it? Congratulations; you’ve made white light! Chromatography! This activity illustrates how many pigments used in inks and dyes are really a mixture of several different colors. 1. 2. 3. 4. Draw a straight line about 2 inches from the bottom of a coffee filter with a black washable marker. Pour about an inch of water into a cup. Carefully slip the filter inside the cup. Be sure the black line is above the water as well as parallel to the water’s surface. Now wait… we will come back to this in a moment. Now let’s inspect our coffee filters! When inks or dyes are made from a mixture of different pigments, each color can be separated out by passing it through a solution. This process is called chromatography. These titles published in 1983 by Vicki Cobb just can’t be beat for easily reproducible ideas with groups of all sizes! Available on Amazon for a penny! Physics: Your Center of Gravity (CG) Why does this work? Let’s try some center of gravity defying feats! 1. Stand with your right side facing the wall, then put your right foot and shoulder against the wall. 2. Try to lift your left foot off the floor. 3. Can you do this? Bet you can’t! You will not be able to lift your foot off the ground at all! This trick requires you to shift your CG over your right foot. You cannot do this without moving the wall! In our everyday life, our bodies maintain balance with little adjustments that are so automatic we never think about them. These titles published in 1983 by Vicki Cobb just can’t be beat for easily reproducible ideas with groups of all sizes! Available on Amazon for a penny! Now let’s try the pick up trick! 1. Place your pencil on the floor about 20 inches from the wall. 2. Stand with your back against the wall, feet together, and heels against the wall. 3. Try to pick up the object on the floor without moving your feet or bending your knees. 4. Can you do this? Bet you can’t! Physics: Your Center of Gravity (CG) Why does this work? There is no way you can pick up that object. When you stand straight against the wall, your CG is over your feet. When you bend forward, you move your CG forward. In order to keep your balance, you must move your feet forward too, but since the rules of this trick do not allow you to move your feet, there is no way to pick up that pencil. These titles published in 1983 by Vicki Cobb just can’t be beat for easily reproducible ideas with groups of all sizes! Available on Amazon for a penny! Physics: Your Center of Gravity (CG) Glue your librarian to a chair! 1. 2. 3. 4. Ask your librarian to sit in a chair, keeping their back against the chair and their feet flat on the floor. Have them fold their arms across their chest. Keeping their feet flat, and their back straight, ask them to stand. Are they glued to the chair? Cool, huh? (Tip: Go home and try this on your parents!) Why does this work? In this sitting position, your center of gravity (CG) is at the base of your spine. By trying to stand up with your back straight, you prevent your CG from moving to a position above your feet, which would be necessary to stand up. Therefore, you will remain glued to your chair. Botany: Roots for All Ages Winter rye grass has fibrous roots. These bean seeds have tap roots. Take a standard CD case and pop out the disc holder. Add a little bit of dirt, and either bean seeds or rye grass seeds. Close up and seal the side and bottom edges. Sprinkle water in the top opening. You can hang them up in a window and watch the roots grow. Plate Tectonics 3 Kinds of Plates: Most PBJ’s made by children resemble convergent fault lines, with their jelly oozing out the sides. Let them make their own, but don’t forget the wipes! Convergent Divergent Transform While eating, ask if they can use their snack to make transform and divergent faults too! Can you guess which kind makes volcanoes? What about earthquakes? What do you think will happen here? Care to find out? Aerodynamics: Learning to Fly Fun for All : ) Engineering: Floating Objects Supplies for the following project: To begin, sit on the floor and anchor the balloon by securely wrapping the ribbon around your foot. You will need to be able to comfortably reach the top of the balloon, so make the ribbon short! Your balloon should come with the ribbon already attached. Engineering: Floating Objects (grade school) I was the original inspiration for this problem solving activity! The final step is to create a face for your creature by slowly adding parts. Too many and your friend will fall over, so carefully select your additions, and remember to keep them balanced! Remember, you can always draw them on with a Sharpie! Precut crepe paper strips, approximately 8-10 inches long. Precut poster board feet into approximately 2x 3 inch rectangles. Use a balloon filled with helium. Approach your local florist for donations in exchange for promoting them! Using scotch take, first attach feet to legs, then adhere them to the top of the balloon (which ends up being the bottom). Then add jumbo paper clips to feet for weight. You will need: Twisting balloons, heavy elastic cord and scissors. Balloon Craft Pre-K and Up Begin by precutting the balloons into 2 inch sections, and the Stretch Magic cord into lengths appropriate for the wrist size of your intended audience. To assemble the bracelet, thread the balloon sections onto the elastic cord. When the desired look has been achieved, tie off the ends of the elastic so that the bracelet can be taken off and put back on easily. Carefully trim any excess cord. Engineering: More Forces in Action 2 chairs yarn scissors 4 heavy items fill with SAND or strip of corrugated cardboard (same width as the chair seat) Wrap yarn around the tops of the chairs. Attach the 4 heavy items to the chairs. Lay corrugated cardboard across the chairs. Wrap seven loops around the cardboard. You now have a suspension bridge!