Elizabethan Era

Report
By Marc, Ally and Rachel
Elizabethan Time Period
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◊ The Elizabethan era was between 1558 and 1603
◊ It was known as the golden age in English history
◊ The higher classes would
always show off their
wealth by wearing very
elaborate things – ruffles,
corsets, gowns and hats
were very popular
◊ The era is known for its poetry, music and literature as well as
theatre
◊ There were also a lot of executions for people who were
thought to be witches
◊ It was a very religious time
◊ Elizabethan architecture was also in fashion. Buildings would
often be symmetrical and it would be quite gothic-like. They
were also into having large gardens.
What was it like?
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Executions
Punishments
Crime
Disease
Tortures
Religion
Politics
First theatres
Clothes
Drinks
Music
Education
Medicine
Language
Marriage customs
Entertainment
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Science
Technology
Architecture
Weapons
Superstitions
Witchcraft
Inventions
Plays
Costumes
Tournaments
Gambling
Fencing
Dance
Masks
Festivals
Explorers
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Who was in Power?
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◊ Queen Elizabeth I was in power in England but was mostly
ruled by the Elizabethan government (which is composed of
the monarch, privy council and the Parliament)
◊ Mary Queen of Scots was in power in Scotland
A fact...
Work?
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◊ In the village, people
would wake up as early as
3am and labourers were in
the field at about 5
◊ The fixed working hours
for labourers were;
◊ March to September, 5am
to 7 or 8 pm
September to March; from
dawn until dusk
◊ The most common way
to earn a living was to
run a small farm
◊ The husband would be
in charge of the crops
and the wife would
handle the poultry and
dairy
◊ Working as a servant
was also a very popular
in that era
Facts
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◊ Marriages were mostly
arranged
◊ Woman were required to
bring a dowry to the
marriage, usually it
would be money, goods
or property
◊ The law gave the
husband full rights over
his wife, essentially is his
property
◊ She was expected to
provide children
◊ Legal marriage age for
boys was 14
◊ For girls it was 12
◊ In London, the average
lifespan for a rich person
was 35 and for the poor it
was only 25
How did people live?
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◊ The lower class didn’t eat
as well and their housing
was not very good. It was
mostly built of timber and
was often very crowded
and more prone to disease
◊ The nobles were
able to afford
houses
◊ Obviously, royalty
lived in large,
expensive castles
Food?
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The rich and poor ate very different things
The rich ate fresh vegetables and fresh fruit
Meat represented wealth
Fruit was usually eaten in pies
Vegetables were usually cooked in some
form of stew
◊ The English population was
fed by it’s own produce
◊ Bread was the staple food
Diseases…
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◊ The Bubonic Plague killed about a
third of the population
◊ There was a huge lack of
sanitation
◊ There was open sewers and was
filled with garbage
◊ People also couldn’t afford
doctors
◊ Their surgery equipment was
very basic .
◊ The equipment wasn’t disinfected
so that meant that a persons
wound could get infected.
◊ Diseases became more common
because of fleas and lice
Any Famous People?
◊ William Shakespeare
(a poet and playwright)
◊ Henry VIII
(King of England)
◊ Christopher Marlowe
(dramatist, poet and translator
who knew and influenced
Shakespeare)
◊ Francis Bacon
(philosopher, statesman,
scientist, jurist and author who
is the creator of Empiricism)
A theory of knowledge that claims knowledge
comes from experience
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The End

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