Presentation - LIVES-Ethiopia

Engendering Research in LIVES Value Chain
Development Interventions
Ephrem Tesema and Kathleen Colverson
March 26-28, 2013
Addis Ababa/ ILRI Campus
• Why engender research in LIVES?
• How does LIVES gender work intersect with
ILRI’s CG research plan on Livestock and Fish?
• Research approaches to incorporating
gender in all VC /Commodity work
• Concluding Remarks/Questions
Why “engender” research?
• In many countries, women make up a larger
percentage of the agricultural labor
• Women participate along the entire agricultural
value chain, contributing as producers, distributors,
processors, storers, and marketers, as well as, being
responsible for feeding their families
Women, on average,
comprise 43% of the
agricultural labor
force in developing
countries and
account for an
estimated two-thirds
of the world’s 600
million poor livestock
Farming First (
A significant share of households in all regions are headed by
women, yet their access to productive resources and services are
Farming First (
Women have:
• Less access to land, less money to buy land, using
more borrowed or illegal land
• Fewer head
• Higher number of orphans living in female-headed
households than male headed
USAID, 2003
• Fewer agricultural inputs, such as
improved seed and fertilizer, used by
female-headed households
• Less access to extension services and
improved technologies
Could increase yields on farms by
20 – 30 percent which…
Could raise total agricultural
output in developing countries
2.5 – 4 percent which…
Could reduce the number of
hungry people in the world by 12
– 17 percent
State of Food and Agriculture FAO 2011
CRP 3.7 Livestock and Fish Gender
Outcome and Outputs
“Poor women, men and marginalized groups have
improved and more equitable access to affordable
animal source foods through gender equitable
CRP 3.7 Gender Outputs:
Output 1: Increased gender capacity within CG, partner
organizations, and value chain actors to diagnose and
overcome gender based constraints within value chains
Output 2: Strategies and approaches developed through
which women and marginalized groups improve the
nature and level of participation in livestock and fish
value chains
CRP 3.7 Gender Outputs (Continued):
Output 3: Strategies and approaches that increase
women and marginalized groups entitlement to
access markets and control resources, technologies,
labor, power and the benefits of their work
Output 4: Strategies and approaches to promote
increased level and equity in animal source food
consumption within poor households
LIVES Gender Objectives
To increase equity of gender roles in value chain
nodes and chain governance of high value livestock
commodities and irrigated crops
To increase gender sensitive knowledge
management and capacity building interventions
in high value livestock commodities and irrigated
To ensure gender sensitive approaches are used by
LIVES’s research and development partners
Gender Sensitive Research Steps in
Value Chain Development
• Map Gender Roles & Relationships along the VC
• Identify gender constraints along the VC
• Assess the consequences of the gender constraints
• Identify and implement actions to overcome
• Carry out Action Research
• Measure outcomes of implementations
Integrating Gender in Agricultural VC
1. Mapping
Gender Roles
and Relations
along the VC
2. Moving
5. Action
4. Taking
3. Assessing the
Consequences of
Source: Adopted from Gender Equitable Opportunities in Agricultural Value Chains, USAID, 2010
Gender sensitive knowledge management and
capacity building research approach
• Identify formal/informal institutions involved in
brokering knowledge and capacity development
• Identify knowledge and capacity development methods
used by different institutions
• Identify knowledge magt/capacity building institutions
and methods that ensure access for men and women
• Identify constraints and its implications on gender
• propose gender sensitive knowledge/capacity
development intervention
• Action Research
• Measuring the outcomes of the intervention/action
Gender sensitive Knowledge Management and
capacity building Research outputs/outcomes
• Diagnostic research output
– Role of informal institutions/farmer to farmer in
knowledge sharing by and for women
– Couples training
– Involvement of young family members in FHH
• Action research
Final Remarks
• The VC for all types of High value commodities
should be seen through a gender lens while
research agenda is set for LIVES
• Gender sensitive diagnostic and action research
need to give insight on innovative ways of
Knowledge Management and Capacity building
Thank You!!

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