Country Report

Quality (higher education):
The concept of quality in higher education is multi-dimensional levels and
not necessarily be fixed as it relates to the education system and the
organization's mission and objectives as well as the criteria for the
institution or program.
Therefore takes the concept of quality multiple definitions.
In many higher education systems in European countries used to define
the quality that they achieve the minimum required standards, which
means reliance, in this case, the first is to determine the minimum
standards that must be the institution or program to achieve and develop
a mechanism for quality improvement. As well as can also define the
concept of quality in this context to mean any customer satisfaction to
achieve the expectations of customers (students, parents, society in
general and employers).
In Iraq there are 24 universities, and the about of
18 civilian educational institutions. Periods
ranging from its inception 50 years and under.
There are some colleges that was founded more
than eighty years, such as the Faculty of Medicine
of Baghdad.
In the years before 2007 there was an oversight
body for universities manage the quality process
within the universities to assess and evaluate the
performance of the university, which focuses on
the development of scientific research and the
performance of university professor and control
of the educational process as a whole.
In 2008 Quality Assurance and Academic Accreditation established to be piont
the process of rehabilitation and development towards ensuring the
academic quality and accreditation of education for Iraqi universities.
At the same time there were universities, operating field and set up quality
sections for thirsty quality and has made huge advances as good as the
University of Technology , Al-nahrian, Babylon, and Kufa University.
Since the universities were selected technological and Alnahrian to be a
sample for the application of quality by the Union of Arab Universities. We
are now establishing a national body to serve as a quality ministry.
We have a strategic plan for five years on the eve of the Iraqi universities to
qualify for accreditation of institutional and academic.
We are trying to make deal with the British QAA and ABET (US) for
accreditation of universities .
Strategic Plan for the application of quality
in the Ministry of Higher Education and
Scientific Research of Iraq / Five-Year
2008 - 2009 
Promote the policy of quality culture among universities,
institutes and educational institutions through:
1. Quality Conference held on 15-17 / 4 / 2009.
2. Issue magazine of the quality contain articles and
activities of universities.
3. Location to the quality department's Web site on the
ministry's website.
4. Seminars and educational sessions through the posts of
Foreign Affairs and continuing education centers at
5. Guide the distribution of quality standards at
6. Guide the distribution of metrology to be applied.
2009 - 2010 
1. The establishment of several sessions of internal
evaluators, and courses on how to get the institution
to international accreditation.
2. Committees of inspection and follow-up of
universities to start the application of standards and
quality standards.
3. Provide an overall assessment study for each
university to what extent the five-year plan for each
university in the application of quality system.
2010 - 2011 
Agreements with international organizations
for accreditation (QAA. ABET) to do a field
visit to universities and evaluating the
application of quality, at the same time, teams
start the work of the ministry and universities
to pursue accreditation requirements for each
academic institution.
2011 - 2012 
Study of the gaps by the organizations of
credit and internal evaluators' and how to
develop contingency plans to fill gaps and
address the situation in order to avoid
imbalance in the application of quality
standards and warning universities
2012 - 2013 
1 - For the adoption of an international Iraqi
universities and the creation of other
universities to obtain accreditation.
2 - Develop a five-year plan to upgrade the
3 - An international conference of the quality
of the participation of Iraqi universities and
universities invited to participate.
Structural quality and accreditation in
the Republic of Iraq
The year 2008-2009 is the first year can be applied to the university disciplinary laws
against the student and teacher and the university administration after two years
of violence prevented many students access to universities and abandoned many of
the teachers of the country.
This year, the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research in several steps
to upgrade universities, including:
1 - establishing a department of quality assurance and academic accreditation.
2 - Directing the formation of university boards to ensure quality in each
university is headed by the president and the membership of his assistance and the
deans of colleges, experts of quality and academic performance.
3 - The first conference for Quality Assurance in Higher Education Ministry and
the presence of the quality assurance representative from each university.
4 - agree on standards and quality assurance standards and university Indicators of
disease and distribution of universities to start their application with the beginning
of the academic year 2009-2010 AD.
5 - Forward all universities to submit its data (indicators and
measures) during the school year and schedule field visits performance
to universities by a team of the quality department in the ministry to check on
universities and determine the level of the gap between the reality of Iraqi
standards and their
6 - Forward all Iraqi universities to push
for scientific research and provide teachers to scientific
and published in international periodicals research
7 - Make a test of Qualification and TOEFL exam of the
conditions of admission to postgraduate studies in
8 - building bridges of global twin Iraqi universities with
those of the European
Iraq needs to 2 years the possibility of determining the gap
in the standards of quality standards. And five-years plan
for the ministry in the Quality Assurance Department, the
Iraqi university as possible to get the adoption of the
academy (programmatic) within two years to five years.
The provision of institutional requires as a
longer time.
For the development of scientific research,
universities will need to urge the Iraqi
professors on scientific publishing and this needs
A - the possibility of Finance, which must be
received by the university or government
support and investment in decades of research
B - scientific twin between Iraqi universities and
universities for the dissemination of joint
Teachers develop the graduates was held during the nineties of sending
them in developmental courses and research outside of Iraq.
Office duties quality assurance and accreditation: -1 - Proposing strategies, plans and operational policies for quality
assurance and accreditation of universities and their academic
2 - Develop a system reference frames and standard specifications
and comparisons to the development of educational institutions,
universities, colleges, departments and the corresponding programs
in collaboration with the Assemblies of colleges according to their
corresponding specialties taking advantage of the expertise of the
bodies concerned.
3 - Set the standard indicators of quality that have guided the Iraqi
universities in order to reach the level of reliance.
4 - Develop criteria and indicators for quality assurance and
certification for various types of education.
5 - Develop criteria for selection and training of the committees,
quality assurance and accreditation and the rules governing work.
6 - Draw up guidelines for the application
of methods of quality and accreditation and the rules
governing their work and the development of
guidance for the operations of self-evaluation
undertaken by academic institutions.
7 - Design files and forms and tables to evaluate
performance and distributed to Iraqi the
universities to meet the required data.
8 - Develop data and detailed statistics on universities
and colleges and divisions in Iraqi universities to
ensure the use in writing reports on the quality and
9 - Design and selection of data that meet the desired
10 - through scientific analysis of
information appropriate to the Iraqi universities and
faculties of various departments in order to write
11 - Proposing a team calendar and follow-up field visits to the university-
level institutions that meet the criteria to progress in the accreditation
procedures and update the information and reporting the results of the
examination in the field.
12 - Follow-up reporting the quality of performance and reliability
provided by the teams calendar in Iraqi universities and follow-up
13 - Establishing a specialized library and gather information on quality
assurance and accreditation systems adopted in academic institutions and
specialized agencies of the various sources of Iraqi and regional and
international levels.
14 - Provide advice and guidance to universities that have not achieved
the required levels of quality in the elements to be adopted and the
university must do to achieve the required quality level in full accordance
with the standards of accreditation.
15 - establishing a website of the Center for
Quality Assurance and Accreditation and seek to
update it continuously.

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