King Arthur

Report
Summary
Summarizing
 Putting
the main idea(s) into your own
words
 Including only the main point(s)
 Are significantly shorter than the
original
 Take a broad overview of the source
material
The Gist: A few steps to a
summary

Note the name, source (if applicable), and author of the article or
story

Read the article, notating as you go

Fill out the 5 W’s and H:
 Who
 What
 Where
 When
 Why
 How

Using this information, formulate your summary
Do Now: Grab notebooks to
take notes on King Arthur
What do you know?

With a partner, write down as much as you can
about these words or questions….

Camelot

Excalibur

Holy Grail

Knights of the Round Table

Question: Which legendary character or characters
are all of these terms associated with?
Was King Arthur real?
 Probably
based upon a Celtic king who lived in
southwestern England during the 6th century
 Led
his warriors against invading armies of
Saxons
 Grew
 The
famous in his own time for his war efforts
legend grew as the story was passed from
generation to generation
Sir Thomas Malory

In the 15th century, Sir Thomas Malory combined the legends
into a book Le Morte d'Arthur.

Malory's work became the definitive version of the story of
King Arthur
King Arthur: Based on a 6th Century Warlord
King Uther / Single
Arthur’s Story Unfolds . . .
Asks Merlin for help
Tricks Igraine
Baby
Arthur
is born
IGRAINE
Merlin takes
Igraine and Uther’s
baby (Arthur)
Married to the Duke
Daughter,
Morgan Le Fay
Sir Kay: Foster
Brother
Sir Ector:
Foster Dad
Knights of the Round Table

Arthur married Guinevere and established his court at his castle at
Camelot

The legendary Round Table was a wedding gift from his father-inlaw

It was a magical table that could expand to accommodate fifty, one
hundred, or even one hundred and fifty knights

Whenever a new knight joined Arthur's court, his name appeared
on the back of one of the seats at the table
Knights of the Round Table

The Knights were men of courage, honor, dignity, courtesy, and
nobleness

They protected ladies and damsels, honored and fought for kings, and
undertook dangerous quests

The emblem of the knights was worn around their necks

The Order's dominant idea was the love of God, men,
and noble deeds.

Sir Lancelot is the most well-known knight
Merlin

Helps with the transport of Arthur to his foster parents after his birth

Is portrayed as an advisor or guide to Arthur

Has mystical powers
The Sword in the Stone

This is an excerpt from Le Morte d’ Arthur, by Sir Thomas Malory (p. 755)
Vocabulary

Confronted: faced

Inscription: something inscribed or engraved, as on a coin or monument

Oath: solemn promise or declaration; vow

Ignoble: not noble in birth or position

Tumultuous: wild, noisy

Realm: kingdom

Coronation: act or ceremony of crowning a sovereign
Timeline
a timeline showing the main
events that take place in the story
 Make
 You
do not need to use dates, just
events in chronological order
 Try
to include all major characters
 Based
on your timeline, write a
summary of the story
The Tale of Sir Launcelot
du Lake
The Literature of Romances
 Romances
first appeared in the Middle Ages
(500 AD and lasted until 1400 AD)
 Developed
in France then spread rapidly
throughout Europe
 The
stories are called romances because they
were first told in Old French, which is a
Romance language (derived from Latin,
language of the Romans
Romance Literature
 Usually
stories about heroes and knights
 Stories
were passed along orally by story
singers and story tellers
 By
the 14th century, the stories had been
written down
 These
stories celebrated chivalry, the code of
behavior the medieval knight was supposed to
follow
Code of Chivalry

Knights were to be brave, honorable, loyal, pious, and generous to foes

Help the weak and protect women

Knights went on quests to prove his courage

The most famous is the quest for the Holy Grail
The Knight’s Armor

Knights who are illustrated in tournaments usually
carry a very small shield, while those in war often
carry a larger one

The knight's shield came to take on symbolic
meaning

It identified him and his family

It was also a way to identify a person because it was
hard to see the person’s face
Vocabulary
Diverted: amused; entertained
Fidelity: loyalty, devotion
Oblige: compel by moral, legal or physical force
Champion (v): fight for; defend; support
Adversary: opponent; enemy
Sovereign: king; ruler
Wrath: great anger
The Knight’s Shield

Colors and designs on the shields were symbols

They stood for morals and values of the family
After you read…

On pg. 768, complete 2, 3, 5, and 7.

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