Warm-up 2/13:
•What is Struggle to Survive?
•Give an Example.
•Why is struggle to survive key to Natural Selection?
•Give two examples of Evidence that scientist have to
support evolution. (You should have learned some in
middle school)
Evolution defined…
 Evolution of a population is due to environment and
the interaction of other species
 Evolution acts on phenotype, not genotype
Speed Review:
Examples of Evolution
 Convergent evolution:
Organisms with very
different ancestors become
more alike due to a common
 Ex. fish and whales-
compare analogous
 Divergent evolution: populations become more and
more dissimilar to adapt to the environment-compare
homologous structures
 Appearance of birds with different sized beaks that are
specific for size of bird seed
Adaptive radiation
Population undergoes divergent evolution until it
fills all areas of the environment
 Co-evolution: as one species evolves another does
(parasites and hosts)
Chapter 15-2
Evolution defined…
 Evolution is a process of
gradual modifications
 Darwin called this descent with
 Many animals and plants shared common ancestors
and deviated from that common ancestor overtime
Organism 1
Organism 2
Phylogenesis – the evolutionary development and
diversification of a species or group of organisms
Phylogenic Tree
Fossils provide geologic
evidence of evolution
Fossils in older layers are
more primitive than those
in the upper layers
Transitional Species:
- Descent with modification states that newer
species are modified versions of older
- Fossil record contains the intermediates
 Vestigial organs - a group of organs with no
particular use now but may have been useful in
ancestors (tailbone coccyx or hip bones in whales)
Anatomy cont.
 Homologous Structures: body
parts that are similar in
structure may have different
 Indicating at some point way in
the past they did the same job
and came from a common
Anatomy cont.
 Analogous Structures:
same functions but
different development
 ex. a butterfly wing and a
bat wing
 Indicates that
populations evolved to
be better suited to the
 Whales in Transition.
 Chromebook Assignments: Make sure that both
Assignments are in Assignment Folder & The survey is
 Syllabus Scavenger Hunt
 Peppered Moth Lab
Warm-up 2/18
 What is the difference between Homologous and
Analogous Structures?
 Which shows divergent evolution and which shows
convergent evolution?
 What is differential reproduction?
 Make sure to glue Whales in Transition into your
Evidence for Evolution Part b
(continuation of Thursday’s notes)
 Certain animals in one location share similar traits
(I.E. marsupials in Australia)
 Similar likenesses in
embryos of organisms is
evidence of descent with
Biological Molecules
DNA  RNA Proteins
 Similar proteins means similar DNA
 The longer it’s been since they shared a common
ancestor the more differences in protein
 Evidence for Evolution flipbook.
 Due Friday
 We will also have a quiz on Friday.

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