HUMAN TRAFFICKING

Report
HUMAN TRAFFICKING
PRAY. SHARE. BE AWARE.
www.befree58.org
BE FREE
WHO ARE WE?
WHERE DID WE START?
WHAT IS OUR FOCUS?
SEX & MONEY FILM
http://sexandmoneyfilm.com/
WHAT IS
HUMAN SEX TRAFFICKING?
Human trafficking is the illegal trade of human beings for the purposes of
monetary gain through slavery . sexual exploitation . or forced labor
Human trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery.
Human Sex Trafficking is the recruiting, harboring, transporting, providing,
or obtaining a person for a commercial sex act that is induced by force,
fraud, or coercion
When the person induced to perform such an act is under 18 years of
age, no force, fraud, or coercion is necessary
Commercial sexual exploitations include: Forced prostitution,
pornography, stripping, live-sex shows, mail-order brides, military
prostitution, sex tourism, internet & phone sex, brothels, escort agencies,
Craigslist.
Victims of sex trafficking can be women, men, girls or boys, but the
majority are women and girls.
Human Trafficking Statistics.
70% -- Percent of female victims who are
trafficked into the commercial sex industry
30% -- Percent of female victims are victims
of forced labor
80% -- Percent of trafficked victims are
women and girls
50% -- Percent of trafficked victims are
children (under the age of 18)
FORCE . FRAUD .
& COERCION .
Traffickers use force, fraud and coercion to control their victims.
Force
• Beating and slapping
• Beating with objects (bat, tools, chains, belts, hangers, canes, cords)
• Burning
• Sexual assault
• Rape and gang rape
• Confinement and physical restraint
Fraud
•False promises
• Deceitful enticing and affectionate behavior
• Lying about working conditions
• Lying about the promise of a better life
Coercion
• Threats of serious harm or restraint
• Intimidation and humiliation
• Creating a climate of fear
• Intense manipulation
• Emotional abuse
• Creating dependency and fear of independence
Myths & Misconceptions.
Trafficking victims have to be foreign
nationals
Trafficking victims must be kidnapped and/or
restrained physically
Trafficking requires an international or state
or Tribal border crossing
If victim consented prior to abuse OR was
paid, then it is not trafficking
SCOPE OF PROBLEM.
Average age of girls in prostitution in MN 14 years
old
Ironically, the price of a sexual acts is equivalent to
that of Meth and Crack.
The majority involved in prostitution in Minneapolis
are Native American girls and women.
A sexually trafficked victim is worth: $400,000 a year
Human Sex Trafficking is the 2nd largest multi billion
dollar industry in the world.
DEFINITIONS.
*Use the terms “in prostitution,” “involved in prostitution,” and
“prostituted” rather than “prostitute” because its
unreasonable to assign a label to an exploited person that
implies that she is responsible for her own exploitation.
*The term “sex worker” is used by some as an alternative to
the term “prostitute,” please choose not to, because it
frames prostitution as an acceptable form of work rather
than a form of sexual violence.
*The term “survival sex” to describe the exchange of sex for
money and other considerations such as food, shelter,
transportation, or safety by women and girls who do not
think of themselves as involved in prostitution but rather, as
doing “what they have to do” to survive.
(FROM Trafficking in Indian Country - Presented by Lisa Brunner, E.D.
Sacred Spirits First Nations Coalition White Earth Ojibwe Nation, MN
Facilitated by Gwendolyn Packard, Program Specialist National
Indigenous Women’s Resource Center)
DEFINITIONS CONT.
*Use the term “sex trade” to describe the “business” of
commercial sexual exploitation, all transactions in which
sexual activity is exchanged for food, shelter, drugs,
transportation, approval, money, or safety.
*We do not suggest that women and girls who are sold,
traded, or purchased for sexual purposes are trading fairly
in a free market system.
*Similar to the slave trade, women and girls in the sex
trade are being exploited in exchange for their survival
and/or the benefit of a more powerful person.
(FROM Trafficking in Indian Country - Presented by Lisa Brunner, E.D.
Sacred Spirits First Nations Coalition White Earth Ojibwe Nation, MN
Facilitated by Gwendolyn Packard, Program Specialist National
Indigenous Women’s Resource Center)
THE SEX TRADE INCLUDES:
Street prostitution
Escort agencies, Massage parlors
Brothels, “trick pads” and “sex party houses”
Bars and clubs that sell “lap dances” and “private
dances”
Businesses that organize and sell “private parties” with
strippers and nude dancers
Strip clubs
Pornography and live “sex shows”
Phone and Internet sex
Truck stops
AVERAGE AGE OF ENTRY
INTO THE SEX INDUSTRY:
12 YEARS OLD
MSNBC – Human Trafficking
MSNBC – Child Trafficking (25 mins.)
BACKPAGE - Trafficking
WHO ARE THE
VULNERABLE?
Who is at risk of becoming a victim of human trafficking?
rich or poor, men or women, adults or children, and foreign nationals or U.S. citizens, everyone
is at risk for being trafficked. However, traffickers typically prey on individuals who are
vulnerable in some way because they are easier to recruit and control.
Do victims of trafficking self-identify as a victim of a crime and ask for help immediately?
Often no. Victims of trafficking often do not see themselves as victims and seek help
immediately, due to lack of trust, self-blame, or training by traffickers.
Why does vulnerability matter?
It matters because women and girls in prostitution suffer extremely high
rates of violence and trauma, and these experiences make it very
difficult for them to ever return to a healthy lifestyle.
Contributing factors:
Runaway-Throw Away
Poverty
Homelessness
Violence in home
Child sexual abuse, domestic violence, child abuse & neglect.
Sex traffickers use a variety of methods to
“condition” their victims:
Starvation, confinement, beatings, physical abuse,
rape, gang rape, threats of violence to the victims
and victims family, forced drug use or threat to shame
them by telling family of their activities.
Victims face numerous health risk: drug & alcohol
addiction, traumatic brain injury, PTSD, broken bones,
internal injuries, sexually transmitted infections &
diseases such as HIV/AIDS.
Victims may also suffer from traumatic bonding-a form
of coercive control in which the perpetrator instills in
the victim fear as well as gratitude for being allowed
to live.
WHERE DO
TRAFFICKERS / PIMPS
FIND THEIR VICTIMS?
Truck Stops
Arcades
Theaters
Parties
Internet/ Facebook
Concerts
Tourist events – Sturgis Motorcycle Rally
Are pimps managers who offer protection to women and girls in the sex industry and
split the money earned through commercial sex acts? No. Contrary to common
perceptions, pimps do not offer protection, and they are not benevolent managers.
Instead, pimps usually take all of the money and typically establish nightly monetary
quotas that women and children are forced to earn in order to avoid violent
repercussions. Pimps even “brand” those under their control with tattoos of their name
to demonstrate ownership.
TRUCK STOPS.
“Victims of pimp-controlled sex trafficking are
commonly forced to meet quotas of $500 to
$1,000 a night. Victims working a truck stop
typically earn $5 - $100 per sex act. All earnings
are confiscated by the pimp.”
Polaris Project
WHO ARE
TRAFFICKERS / PIMPS?
MEN
WOMEN
PARENTS
FRIENDS
FAMILY MEMBERS
METHODS OF PIMPING.
Finesse Pimping
Putting vulnerable girls in a position where they felt obligated to repay the trafficker by
encouraging her to move in, taking care of her basic needs, purchasing small gifts,
providing free drugs, and generally treat her with great kindness.
The next step is to present her with “opportunities” for a lucrative “modeling” career
working for an escort service which she later found was prostitution and source of income
for the pimp.
Guerilla Pimping
Similar description of violent gang and prostitution ring tactics was recruitment by force:
Using threat, Physical violence, Intimidation against the girl or against someone she cares
about to coerce her into prostitution
Women also play multiple roles: pimps, recruiters, groomers, watchers who made sure girls
got to and from their assigned locations, and wife-in-laws (other women trafficked by the
same pimp) living together and supervised by the pimp or the woman closest to him.
IS THIS HAPPENING IN
SOUTH DAKOTA?
YES!
STURGIS MOTORCYCLE RALLY
Hunting Season
Reservations
Tea Case Brandon Thompson Prosecution
Tajhan Kahlil Clinton
Are we taking responsibility?
Native Gangs
Trafficking Native Girls
More recent U.S. studies suggest that gangs are playing an
increasingly large role in the sex trafficking of American Indian girls
and women.
Gang Initiation - A Native male Latin King member describing a
girls’ initiation into his gang.
“When you get a girlfriend, she gotta be gang raped. She’s gotta go
around and get boned by all of us guys. All of us Kings...We meet girls
and stuff at pow-wows and they hang around with us and then they
get the idea that we wanna go out with them, but we really don’t.
And then they just bring it up. ‘Is it all right if we roll with you? Make us a
Queen or something?’ Then we’re like, ‘Yeah, we’ll make you a
Queen.’ Then we’ll take them back to our house...Everybody on the
rez has got their cellular phones or their pagers. Then we’ll each get a
page and we’ll go call somebody and say, ‘Hey, there’s gonna be an
initiation’...You take them in your bedroom or on the couch. In the
back or down in the basement. Wherever. Then whenever they’re
done, they’ll come out. Then whoever is next, they’ll take. She stays in
the bedroom. She can’t come out and then whoever got done with
her will come back out and say ‘Hey, whoever’s next, go ahead.’”
Recommendations.
Re-frame the issue, stop criminalizing the victims.
Increase access to culturally appropriate housing
and holistic care for victims.
Build community support through honest
dialogue.
Hold perpetrators accountable.
Systems change to increase penalties for
perpetrators and bring resources into victims.
Raise awareness across domains.
Who are the persons we serve
at Be Free?
Survivors of sexual exploitation and trafficking
Native American women and teens
Women in reentry from incarceration
Vulnerable women and teens experiencing a life
crisis…abuse, homelessness, trauma, neglect, addictions
Persons seeking healing and restoration
Front-line service providers, educators,
community organizations, faith communities and
concerned citizens – networking and providing
training and awareness education
WHAT IS OUR
FOCUS?
COMMUNITY AWARENESS!
Law enforcement. Social service agencies. Churches. Hospitals. Schools.
Why not street outreach?
What about the victims?
WHAT CAN WE DO?
Join the cause...become a justice Activist
Support frontline anti-trafficking organizations
Promote social awareness and educate the public and your own community
Provide services to survivors
Empower women and children
Think about the language you use around this issue.
Hold the media accountable.
Let your elected officials know this is something you care
about.
Understand the socio-economic dynamics that increase risk
factors and how state and local policies influence them.
Know where you spend your money and whether or not it is
supporting exploitation.
Donate time and resources to help.
Resources Contributed to
Power Point Presentation.
Rescue and Restore
Victims of Human Trafficking, U.S. Department of Health and Human
Services.
National Institute of Justice
Department of Justice Statistics
Polaris Project
Shattered Hearts
The Commercial Sexual Exploitation Of American Indian Women and
Girls in Minnesota (Minnesota Indian Women’s Resource Center 2009)
MIIGWECH!!! (Thank you)
QUESTIONS?
HOW TO KEEP YOURSELF SAFE
INTERNET & PUBLIC SAFETY
PRIVACY SETTINGS – Be sure your Facebook page is set to
PRIVATE.
NEVER post on your status that you are alone.
ALWAYS be sure you know the person you are adding as a
friend to your Facebook page.
Your pictures are on the internet forever. Traffickers or pimps
look for images that might say to them “this person is willing to
do anything”. Posting images that may not be respectful to
yourself or others can cause a lot of damage.
When in a public setting such as the mall, never tell a stranger
your name or that you are there alone. Always travel in groups
and be in communication with your parent or guardian as to
where you are at all times.
PREDATORS
GROOMING
ALICIA’S STORY –
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=play
er_embedded&v=hR0bXZrIErE
SOCIAL NETWORKING – SETTING BOUNDRIES
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=play
er_embedded&v=1O2O_Gw1AwY
SETTING BOUNDERIES
CYBER BULLYING
CYBER BULLYING.
When a child, preteen or teen is tormented,
threatened, harassed, humiliated, embarrassed or
otherwise targeted by another child, preteen or
teen using the Internet, interactive and digital
technologies or mobile phones.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_e
mbedded&v=0iwWxGNAMr0#!
Value. Self worth. Brokenness. Vulnerable. Seeking
love.
PORNOGRAPHY
PORNOGRAPHY.
Pornography can have a range of damaging effects on
human beings of all ages and both sexes, affecting their
happiness, their health, their body image, their
relationships with one another, and their functioning in
society. Hear clinicians and teens themselves talking
about pornography's impact.
Women, children & men participating in pornography are often
times VICTIMS OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING.
Protect yourself from the damaging images and false ideas of
relationships that pornography promotes. Let us also remember
and value the lives of victims in the pornography industry.

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