BROADCAST PROCESS Lesson 1 Put your thinking caps on! What steps or phases would you go through to create a video about agriculture? From start to finish Phases Pre-production Production Post-production Pre-Production This phase includes: Research Scripting/storyboarding Graphic/audio/video clips Steps 1. 2. Choose crew, brainstorm ideas, plan theme/sets/props/costumes. Do research, write script, create storyboard, and create signage. Production This phase includes: Camera Sound Talent Transitions Videotaping Steps 1. 2. Direct, rehearse talent, arrange set, lights, sound Action! Broadcast/videotaping Production Footage The footage collected by the video camera during this stage is unedited and know as raw. Raw footage is transferred from the camera to the computer for editing. You will learn about capturing and editing in postproduction. Raw footage formats are DV, mini-DV, or HVCHD, or other formats as determined by the camera you use. Production Tips Practice with the equipment and play your video back to ensure that the equipment is functioning properly. Editing cannot correct filming errors. So re-do the shot immediately. Errors that cannot be corrected Bad sound Out of focus footage Having a date on everything you recorded Unsteady camera work Production Tips Keep your footage list handy during filming. Create a log for the video you capture. Good This footage or important information will make post-production easier. Use the video techniques previously presented. Post-production This phase includes: Review Editing Steps 1. 2. Create camera log, obtain extra shots/dubs, graphics, sounds, etc. Edit video. POST-PRODUCTION EDITING Purpose Editing involves Combining the Video Transitions And All music in a way that presents your message to your audience in a creative and effective way. Using Software You will use Adobe PremierePro to edit this project. An industry standard software program. Meaning Using this is what professional videographers use. the software you can import your video footage, make edits, add effects, and export in a format that is viewable by others. Editing Terms Capture The process of moving the footage from the camera to a computer. Shot A specific subject filmed from a certain angle. You should mark the shots that you want to use in the final project. Timeline The location where you place your shots in order and connect them together. A Simple Outcome In the simplest form a set of shots in the timeline will produce a movie, but adding additional features can enhance the overall quality! Enhancing Videos Audio The sounds, voices or music that accompany raw footage or are part of the edited video. Your video will have audio even if no one is on screen speaking. During editing, you can split the audio and video and replace the raw audio or incorporate additional audio that will blend with the raw audio. You can use the following audio to enhance your video. Public domain music Voice over Sound bites Enhancing Videos Transitions A feature that creates smooth movements from one shot to the next. Transitions can also create interest and range from simple or fancy. Credits The introductory slides that setup the video. The end slides that give credit to the film crew and any other contributors. Post-Production Editing Tips Make movie settings fit the output device. Remove any clips that do not add to the message. Mistakes Pauses Footage that is good, but does not support the message. Crop wisely LET’S REVIEW Production Phases Review 1st Phase of Production Pre-production Get your ideas together, organize all details with your group. Review 2nd Phase of Production Production This is when all the great ideas get put into action. Take shots, interview people, etc. Review 3rd Phase of Production Post Production Review all that you have done and edit your material! Now What? Once your project is edited, you will need to render the footage. The raw footage must be compressed to decrease the overall file size. Rendering is the process of compressing and packaging the video footage in a format that can used by players like Windows Media or QuickTime. Common File Formats Determine which player the video can be viewed using. Formats .wmv A Microsoft format that plays using Windows Media Video. The file is highly compressed and usually looks grainy when viewed, but is small enough to send via e-mail. .mov An Apple format that plays using QuickTime Movie. The quality is great, but the size is large. Sharing Your Finished Video E-mail Public Domain YouTube accepts QuickTime file format. CD/DVD PARTS OF A VIDEO CAMERA Parts of a video camera: 1-12 1. 2. 3. 4. Power Zoom Lever Eyecup Viewfinder Viewfinder/ Lens Adjustment 5. QUICK ON Button 6. ACCESS lamp (Hard Disk) 7. Hook for a Shoulder Belt 8. MIC Plug in 9. Headphones Jack 10. HDMI Out (mini) jack 11. A/V Remote Connector 12. USB Jack Parts: 13-19 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. Speaker Night-shot Switch Zoom Buttons Reset Button Disc Burn EASY button BATT INFO button Parts: 20-24 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. Active Interface Shoe Built-in Microphone Flash Remote Sensor/ Infrared port Camera Recording Lamp How to select a video camera Review Get in your groups. Create a checklist. Divide list into pre-production, production, postproduction. Under each phase include 3-5 tasks you will need to accomplish for your video project.