Who`s Who in the Vietnam War

Report
EISENHOWER



President 1953-1961
Sent advisors
“Tea and Tungsten”
Nixon
•President 1969-1974
•Resigned after Watergate
•Vietnamization-return
war to S.V. and decrease
U.S. troops
J.F.K



President 1961-1963
Assassinated
Increased advisors to
16,000 before his death
L.B.J
•V.P J.F.K
•President 1963-1969
•Gulf of Tonkin
Resolution
•Escalated War
ROBERT MCNAMARA





1961-1968 under JFK & LBJ
Increased troops
Believed in Domino Theory
Lost hope in winning the
war
Resigned in 1968
CLARK CLIFFORD



1968-1969 under LBJ
Did not agree with increase
in troops
Ended up losing hope in
war & felt it should be
handed over to South
Vietnam
MELVIN LAIRD



1969-1973 under Nixon
Invented term
Vietnamization
Wanted an end to the draft
& stopped it 5 mths early
JAMES SCHLESINGER




1973-1975 under Nixon &
Ford
Did not want to give
amnesty for draft dodgers
& believed in increasing
Increased defense budget
nuclear weapons
Dismissed by Ford
•Deals with foreign policy
•and affairs overseas
•Immigration & foreign Travel
HENRY KISSINGER




1973-1977 under Nixon &
Ford
Helped with Vietnamization
Also supported secret
bombing of Cambodia
Won the Nobel Peace Prize
in 1973 for Paris Peace
Accords ending U/S.
involvement in Vietnam
GEN. WILLIAM
WESTMORELAND

Commander of U.S. Military
operations in Vietnam from
1964 to 1968
GEN. CREIGHTON ABRAMS

Commander of U.S. military
operations in Vietnam
1968-1972
GEN. FREDERICK WEYAND





Led 25th Division 1964-1967
Did not agree with
Westmoreland
Helped with Paris Peace
Talks
Took over for Abrams from
1972-1973
Supervised last troops out
of Vietnam
NGO DINH DIEM
(NO)



President South Vietnam
1955-1963
Assassinated 1963
Anti-Buddhist
NGO DINH NHU
(NO DINH NEW)



Diem’s brother and right
hand man
Assassinated with Diem
Wife Madame Nhu 1st Lady
Dragon Lady
NGUYEN VAN THIEU
(NEW EN)




Was general in ARVN
President South Vietnam
1965-1975
Elected through fraud &
was authoritative in rule
Resigned a few days before
the fall of South Vietnam
NGO QUANG TRUONG
(NO)



General ARVN 1972-1975
Fall of Saigon immigrated
to U.S.
Lives in Virginia as U.S.
Citizen
HO CHI MINH





Freedom fighter
Prime Minister 1945-1955
President North Vietnam
1955-1969
Died 1969 of heart failure at
79; body embalmed
Communist
PHAM VAN DONG
(FAM)

Prime Minister North
Vietnam 1955-1987
LE DOC THO
(LEE DOC TOE)



Politician North Vietnam
Negotiated Paris Peace
Accords
Refused the Noble Peace
Prize
VO NGUYEN GIAP
(VO NEW)



General during first
Indochina war and Vietnam
war
At Dien Bien Phu & Tet
Major military leader
LE TRONG TAN
(LEE TRONG TAAN)



Part of Viet Minh against
French
Deputy Commander
VietCong
Secretary Defense in
Vietnam until 1986
POL POT




Chinese Revolutionary
leader
Leader of the Khmer Rouge
Became leader Cambodia
around 1975 until
Cambodia-Vietnam War
began in 1979
21% people died under his
rule
KHIEU SAMPHAN
(Q SAM PAN)



President of Cambodia
1976-1979
Key leader Khmer Rouge
Still denies genocide
MAO ZEDONG




Chinese revolutionary
Leader 1949-1976
Had “The Great Leap
Forward”
Communist
Died 1976 of heart attack

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