World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)
An intergovernmental organisation founded in 1924
preceding the United Nations
Creation of the
International des
Epizooties (OIE)
Creation of the
United Nations
World Organisation
for Animal Health
 178 Member Countries in 2013
• OIE – 12 regional and sub-regional offices
 Science-based standards
Terrestrial animals, aquatic animals and bees
Surveillance, control, trade, veterinary public health,
medicinal products, food safety, quality of veterinary services,
 Collecting global disease intelligence
OIE Member Countries must notify important disease information to OIE
Combines and coordinates the alert and
response mechanisms of OIE, FAO and
WHO – tracking rumours about
Maintaining global expertise
241 -- OIE Reference Laboratories
37 – Countries
116 – Expertise covering 116 different diseases / topics
Centers of expertise sharing information internationally
43 – OIE Collaborating Centers
24 – Countries
42 – Expertise covering topics
 Animal pathogens with zoonotic potential
 75% of human pathogens have an animal source
 60% of emerging diseases are zoonotic
Fight pathogens at animal source to protect human health
Rift Valley Fever
Brucella suis
Tripartite Concept Note 2010
..sharing of responsibilities and coordinating
global activities to address health risks at
the animal-human-ecosystem interfaces
…preventing animal and public health risks
attributable to zoonoses and animal
diseases impacting food security.
Health systems strengthening
• Addressing health threats at the human-animalenvironment interface has historically been:
– disease by disease
– in response to events
• WHO, OIE and FAO have been shifting the focus towards
good governance and national health systems
strengthening to enhance countries’ abilities to respond
to challenges and emerging challenges
PVS Pathway
IHR Monitoring Framework
With support of the World Bank, OIE and WHO are currently investigating
a more harmonised approach in national capacity assessment for
zoonotic disease management using the PVS and IHR frameworks
- assessment tools and indicators
Take home messages
Zoonotic disease can only be controlled through effective cross sectoral
Focus shifting towards national health systems strengthening and
detection and control of zoonotic pathogens at their animal source
Good governance – better compliance with international standards & regulations
Surveillance/early detection/rapid response
Data collection, risk assessment, risk management, risk communication
Strong public health systems need to be coordinated and aligned with
strong animal health systems – Tripartite is developing tools and
mechanisms to work together

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