1: The Philosophy of Happiness

Report
HOW
HAPPY
IS THIS
GUY?
#1
Ed Diener
Martin Seligman
Scientists can measure people’s happiness.
Happiness is the goal of public policy.
Therefore, happiness should be a primary
policy focus.
Happiness is the goal of public policy.
Scientists can measure people’s happiness.
Therefore, happiness should be a primary
policy focus.
Scientists can measure people’s happiness.
Happiness is the goal of public policy.
Therefore, happiness should be a primary
policy focus.
Scientists can measure people’s happiness.
Happiness is the goal of public policy.
Therefore, happiness should be a primary
policy focus.
Scientists can measure people’s happiness.
Happiness is the goal of public policy.
Therefore, happiness should be a primary
policy focus.
Scientists can measure people’s happiness.
Happiness is the goal of public policy.
Therefore, happiness should be a primary
policy focus.
Concept
Content
Criterion
Combination
Commensurability
#1
Concept
#2
Content
Criterion
#3
Combination
Commensurability
#1
Concept
Thomas Hurka
Thomas Hurka
Specialisation is costly
Well-roundedness is costly
Q
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TIME
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U
A
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Y
TIME
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A
L
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Y
TIME
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A
L
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Y
TIME
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Y
TIME
Q
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A
L
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Y
TIME
Q
U
A
L
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Y
Is a longer
life better?
TIME
Q
U
A
L
I
T
Y
Is a longer
life better?
TIME
Q
U
A
L
I
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Y
Is a shorter
life worse?
TIME
Q
U
A
L
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Y
Is a shorter
life worse?
TIME
Q
U
A
L
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Y
How long should
a bridge be?
TIME
Life
#1
Concept
Season
Moment
Do these
things scale
up?
#1
Concept
#2
Content
Criterion
#3
Combination
Commensurability
Content
Is happiness a state
of mind?
Criterion
Can I be mistaken
about my
happiness?
#2
Content
Criterion
Content
Is happiness a state
of mind?
Jeremy Bentham
Yes
J. S. Mill
Yes
Content
Is happiness a state
of mind?
Intensity
Duration
Certainty
Propinquity
Fecundity
Purity
Right now
Later on
Content
Is happiness a state
of mind?
L
E
V
E
L
DURATION
Content
Is happiness a state
of mind?
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Criterion
Can I be mistaken
about my
happiness?
Content
Is happiness a state
of mind?
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Criterion
Can I be mistaken
about my
happiness?
#1
Concept
#2
Content
Criterion
#3
Combination
Commensurability
Combination
#3
Commensurability
Combination
Commensurability
Combination
L
E
V
E
L
Fred Feldman
Ed Diener
Daniel Kahneman
DURATION
Combination
All the good stuff
minus
All the bad stuff
L
E
V
E
L
equals
Net happiness
DURATION
Combination
All the good stuff
minus
All the bad stuff
L
E
V
E
L
equals
Net happiness
DURATION
Combination
All the good stuff
minus
All the bad stuff
L
E
V
E
L
equals
Net happiness
DURATION
Combination
All the good stuff
minus
All the bad stuff
L
E
V
E
L
equals
Net happiness
DURATION
Combination
All the good stuff
minus
All the bad stuff
equals
Net happiness
How acceptable
is the dirty fork?
Combination
All the good stuff
How bothered are you
about an
All the bad stuff unacceptable fork?
minus
equals
Net happiness
How acceptable
is the dirty fork?
Combination
WEIGHTING
How bothered are you
about an
unacceptable fork?
How acceptable
is the dirty fork?
RAW SCORE
Combination
Satisfaction With Life Scale
(SWLS)
The Questions
____ In most ways my life is close
to my ideal.
____ The conditions of my life are
excellent.
____ I am satisfied with my life.
____ So far I have gotten the
important things I want in life.
____ If I could live my life over, I
would change almost nothing.
The Scores
• 7 - Strongly agree
• 6 - Agree
• 5 - Slightly agree
• 4 - Neither agree nor disagree
• 3 - Slightly disagree
• 2 - Disagree
• 1 - Strongly disagree
Score from 5 to 35
Combination
Satisfaction With Life Scale
(SWLS)
____ In most ways my life is close
to my ideal.
____ The conditions of my life are
excellent.
____ I am satisfied with my life.
____ So far I have gotten the
important things I want in life.
____ If I could live my life over, I
would change almost nothing.
• 7 - Strongly agree
• 6 - Agree
• 5 - Slightly agree
• 4 - Neither agree nor disagree
• 3 - Slightly disagree
• 2 - Disagree
• 1 - Strongly disagree
Combination
6
Satisfaction With Life Scale
(SWLS)
____ In most ways my life is close
to my ideal.
____ The conditions of my life are
excellent.
____ I am satisfied with my life.
____ So far I have gotten the
important things I want in life.
____ If I could live my life over, I
would change almost nothing.
• 7 - Strongly agree
• 6 - Agree
• 5 - Slightly agree
• 4 - Neither agree nor disagree
• 3 - Slightly disagree
• 2 - Disagree
• 1 - Strongly disagree
Combination
6
Satisfaction With Life Scale
(SWLS)
____ In most ways my life is close
to my ideal.
____ The conditions of my life are
excellent.
____ I am satisfied with my life.
____ So far I have gotten the
important things I want in life.
____ If I could live my life over, I
would change almost nothing.
• 7 - Strongly agree
• 6 - Agree
• 5 - Slightly agree
• 4 - Neither agree nor disagree
• 3 - Slightly disagree
• 2 - Disagree
• 1 - Strongly disagree
Combination
6
Satisfaction With Life Scale
(SWLS)
____ In most ways my life is close
to my ideal.
____ The conditions of my life are
excellent.
____ I am satisfied with my life.
____ So far I have gotten the
important things I want in life.
2
____ If I could live my life over, I
would change almost nothing.
• 7 - Strongly agree
• 6 - Agree
• 5 - Slightly agree
• 4 - Neither agree nor disagree
• 3 - Slightly disagree
• 2 - Disagree
• 1 - Strongly disagree
8
Combination
6
Satisfaction With Life Scale
(SWLS)
____ In most ways my life is close
to my ideal.
____ The conditions of my life are
excellent.
____ I am satisfied with my life.
____ So far I have gotten the
important things I want in life.
2
____ If I could live my life over, I
would change almost nothing.
Combination
6
Satisfaction With Life Scale
(SWLS)
____ In most ways my life is close
to my ideal.
____ The conditions of my life are
excellent.
____ I am satisfied with my life.
____ So far I have gotten the
important things I want in life.
2
____ If I could live my life over, I
would change almost nothing.
• 7 - Strongly agree
• 6 - Agree
• 5 - Slightly agree
• 4 - Neither agree nor disagree
• 3 - Slightly disagree
• 2 - Disagree
• 1 - Strongly disagree
8
Combination
7
Satisfaction With Life Scale
(SWLS)
____ In most ways my life is close
to my ideal.
____ The conditions of my life are
L
excellent. E
V
E
____ I am satisfied
with my life.
L
____ So far I have gotten
the
DURATION
important things I want in life.
1
____ If I could live my life over, I
would change almost nothing.
• 7 - Strongly agree
• 6 - Agree
• 5 - Slightly agree
• 4 - Neither agree nor disagree
• 3 - Slightly disagree
• 2 - Disagree
• 1 - Strongly disagree
8
Combination
5
Satisfaction With Life Scale
(SWLS)
____ In most ways my life is close
to my ideal.
____ The conditions of my life are
L
excellent. E
V
E
____ I am satisfied
with my life.
L
____ So far I have gotten
the
DURATION
important things I want in life.
3
____ If I could live my life over, I
would change almost nothing.
• 7 - Strongly agree
• 6 - Agree
• 5 - Slightly agree
• 4 - Neither agree nor disagree
• 3 - Slightly disagree
• 2 - Disagree
• 1 - Strongly disagree
8
Satisfaction With Life Scale
Commensurability
(SWLS)
6
____ In most ways my life is close
to my ideal.
____ The conditions of my life are
excellent.
____ I am satisfied with my life.
____ So far I have gotten the
important things I want in life.
2
____ If I could live my life over, I
would change almost nothing.
• 7 - Strongly agree
• 6 - Agree
• 5 - Slightly agree
• 4 - Neither agree nor disagree
• 3 - Slightly disagree
• 2 - Disagree
• 1 - Strongly disagree
8
Commensurability
6+2=8
plus
isn’t 8 of
anything
Commensurability
“incommensurable”
plus
isn’t 8 of
anything
Commensurability
“incommensurable”
J. S. Mill
Satisfaction With Life Scale
Commensurability
(SWLS)
6
____ In most ways my life is close
to my ideal.
____ The conditions of my life are
excellent.
____ I am satisfied with my life.
____ So far I have gotten the
important things I want in life.
2
____ If I could live my life over, I
would change almost nothing.
• 7 - Strongly agree
• 6 - Agree
• 5 - Slightly agree
• 4 - Neither agree nor disagree
• 3 - Slightly disagree
• 2 - Disagree
• 1 - Strongly disagree
8
Satisfaction With Life Scale
Commensurability
(SWLS)
____ In most ways my life is close
to my ideal.
____ The conditions of my life are
excellent.
____ I am satisfied with my life.
____ So far I have gotten the
important things I want in life.
____ If I could live my life over, I
would change almost nothing.
• 7 - Strongly agree
• 6 - Agree
• 5 - Slightly agree
• 4 - Neither agree nor disagree
• 3 - Slightly disagree
• 2 - Disagree
• 1 - Strongly disagree
Satisfaction With Life Scale
Commensurability
(SWLS)
____ In most ways my life is close
to my ideal.
____ The conditions of my life are
excellent.
____ I am satisfied with my life.
____ So far I have gotten the
important things I want in life.
____ If I could live my life over, I
would change almost nothing.
• 7 - Strongly agree
• 6 - Agree
• 5 - Slightly agree
• 4 - Neither agree nor disagree
• 3 - Slightly disagree
• 2 - Disagree
• 1 - Strongly disagree
Satisfaction With Life Scale
Commensurability
(SWLS)
6
____ In most ways my life is close
to my ideal.
____ The conditions of my life are
excellent.
____ I am satisfied with my life.
____ So far I have gotten the
important things I want in life.
2
____ If I could live my life over, I
would change almost nothing.
• 7 - Strongly agree
• 6 - Agree
• 5 - Slightly agree
• 4 - Neither agree nor disagree
• 3 - Slightly disagree
• 2 - Disagree
• 1 - Strongly disagree
8
Commensurability
Combination
multi-dimensional
Commensurability
Combination
Commensurability
Combination
multi-dimensional
6
2
Commensurability
Combination
multi-dimensional
6
2
Commensurability
Combination
multi-dimensional
6
2
Commensurability
Combination
The Robert
Downey, Jr
Paradox
L
E
V
E
L
DURATION
Do these
things scale
up?
HOW
HAPPY
IS THIS
GUY?
#1

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