The new deal

Essential Question
How does the role of government change with
the New Deal? Is it a good or bad thing?
Is the change a result of our transition from a
traditional to a secular society?
Focus Questions
What role, if any, did the New Deal play in ending
the Great Depression?
How did FDR increase the power of the
presidency? Is it a good thing or a bad thing?
Why didn’t America see a new revolution? Might
we yet in the future?
FDR takes office
Proposes a New Deal based on the idea the Federal Government should play an
active role in promoting recovery and providing relief – unlike Hoover who believed
in localism
Country demands, “bold, persistent experimentation’
Puts together team of advisors known as the ‘Brain Trust’
two Republicans – Henry Wallace, Sec. of Ag; Harold Ickes, Sec. of Interior
First woman – Francis Perkins and Sec. of Labor
Relied on wife Eleanor to be his eyes and ears
Bonus Army marches again – sends Eleanor to talk to them and
show the government cares, but still doesn’t pay them
The First 100 Days
FDR and Congress pass 15 bills based on relief, recovery and reform
immediate relief from depression, long-term economic
recovery and reform to prevent future problems
The Beginning
Declared a bank holiday with the Emergency
Banking Bill – gave broad powers to President
FDR began giving ‘Fireside Chats’ – radio speeches
to the American people
The Programs
FDIC (Federal Deposit Insurance Corp): insured bank
deposits up to $5,000 ($250,000 today) – reform
SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission): regulate the
stock market – reform
AAA (Agricultural Adjustment Act): provided financial
aid, paying farmers subsidies to not plant part of land
and kill off excess livestock – attempt to combat
overproduction and low prices - relief
TVA (Tennessee Valley Authority): built a series of dams in
the Tennessee River Valley to control floods and to generate
electricity; replanted forests, built fertilizer plants – recovery
critics called it socialist since it put gov’t in control of a business; also
considered one of greatest achievements of New Deal
CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps): provided jobs for more
than 2 million young men; replanted forests, built trails, dug
irrigation ditches, fought fires – recovery
FERA (Federal Emergency Relief Act): granted federal funds
to state and local agencies to help unemployed – relief
CWA (Civil Works Administration): provided public-works
jobs- relief
HOLC (Home Owners Loan Corp): loaned money at low interest rates to
homeowners who could not meet mortgage payments – relief
FHA (Federal Housing Administration): insured bank loans used for
building and repairing homes - relief
NIRA (National Industrial Recovery Act): established the NRA (National
Recovery Administration) – developed codes of fair competition to
govern industries – established a minimum wage and minimum prices
for goods - recovery
PWA (Public Works Administration): built bridges, dams, power plants
and government buildings -

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