Child Pornography

Report
FEDERAL BUREAU OF
INVESTIGATION
FBI Legal Attaché Office
American Embassy Jakarta
Violent Crimes Against Children
•
•
•
•
•
VCAC Mission
U.S. Federal Law
Nature of the Problem
International Initiatives
Public Awareness
VCAC Mission
Investigate and Prosecute Offenders
Child Sex Rings/Criminal Enterprises
Possessors of Child Pornography (CP)
Producers/ Mass Distributors of CP
Child Sex Travelers
Assist other U.S. Law Enforcement
Assist International Investigations
Public Awareness & Prevention
United States Law
What is Child Pornography ?
 Defined differently by individual countries
 Under US Law :
 Images of children (under age 18) engaged in
sexually explicit activity, with or without others
involvement
 Images which depict a “lewd and lascivious
display” of a child’s genitalia-- meant to elicit
sexual arousal in the viewer
UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO
Does Not Include:
 Erotic stories involving children
 Nudist images
 At beaches, swimming pools, family events, etc
 Written fantasy stories regarding rape,
bestiality, or sexual attraction to children
 Pornographic or erotic images of adults
dressed in children’s attire
 Infantilism
 “Hot horny schoolgirls” and the like
UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO
United States Law
(Title 18 USC Sec 2423)
Travel With Intent to Engage in Illicit
Sexual Conduct
Engaging in Illicit Sexual Conduct in
Foreign Places
Defined as Sexual acts with a child under age 18
Prison terms up to 30 years
UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO
United States Law
(Title 18 USC Sec 2423)
Coercion or Enticement of a Minor to
Engage in Criminal Sexual Activity
Transportation of Minors to Engage
in Criminal Sexual Activity:
10 year minimum mandatory
 Maximum life in prison for registered sex
offenders
UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO
Nature of the Problem
What does the Internet
provide the offender?
UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO
Nature of the Problem
Anonymity
The ability to assume an identity
while online provides the child
molester with an air of
confidence
UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO
Nature of the Problem
Invisibility
Invisibility to lurk about online
allows the child molester to
easily and confidently identify
and groom potential victims
UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO
Nature of the Problem
Instant Gratification
A child molester can instantly satisfy
his/her cravings by going online
and immediately downloading child
pornography, fantasy stories, or
even engaging in the process of
courting a potential victim
UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO
Nature of the Problem
Validation of Behavior/Beliefs
 Internet provides opportunity to
network with other child molesters to
exchange pictures, techniques, and
stories
 What I am doing is “OK” because
others are doing it as well
UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO
Nature of the Problem
 Technology is Embraced by Offenders:
 Child Pornography is now widely available online
 Child Pornography is easy to produce:
 No need for expensive photo equipment or the risk of
outside photo development
 Child Pornography “collections” are more easily
organized, concealed, stored and transported
 Chat rooms are effectively used to identify and
groom potential victims
 Increased number of children using the internet
creates a “target rich environment”
UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO
Nature of the Problem
Jurisdictional complexities
Internet transcends legal and political
boundaries
Child pornography not illegal
everywhere
Lack of coordinated law enforcement
efforts
UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO
Who are the Offenders?
On average (U.S. profile)
White males
25-45 years of age
Middle-to-upper class lifestyle
Professional employee
Many times employed in a career where
offender has access to children
Involved in children’s activities
Youth Sports, Scouting, Coaching etc...
UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO
Who are the Victims?
 Early to middle teens
 Boys rarely report victimization due to stigma
 Girls often “in love” with offender (father
figure)
 Vulnerable Victims: Often from dysfunctional
families - looking for worth and validation
outside the home
 Usually have unsupervised access to the
computer
UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO
Relationship of Abuser to Child
90
STRANGERS
FAMILY
ACQUAINTANCE
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
INFANT
TODDLER
UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO
TEEN
International Initiatives
 Innocent Images International Task Force (IIITF)
 Coordinated Law Enforcement Effort
 Initiated in October 2004 with six countries
 Numerous leads sent out by the IIITF in support
of first major case
 Much easier and faster to investigate cases
internationally
UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO
International Initiatives
Child Sex Tourism Initiative-April 2005
 With member countries Australia, Thailand, and
the Philippines
 Undercover website utilized
 More than 100 police officers from at least 47
countries have participated in this initiative
UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO
Participating Countries
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Australia
Austria
Belarus
Belgium
Brazil
Canada
Croatia
Cyprus
Denmark
Fiji
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Iceland
Indonesia
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Italy
Japan
Latvia
Mexico
New Zealand
Netherlands
Norway
Panama
Philippines
Poland
Santo Domingo
Spain
Sweden
Thailand
Ukraine
United Kingdom
•Argentina
•Australia
•China
•Dominican Republic
•Hungary
•Luxembourg
•Malta
•Netherlands
•Peru
•Portugal
•South Korea
•Romania
•Russia
•Switzerland
•Turkey
UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO
FBI Initiatives in Indonesia
 FBI Legal Attaché Office in Jakarta has
designated Child Sex Tourism as a priority
 Government crackdowns in Thailand, Cambodia and
the Philippines are expected to push the CST problem
to Indonesia and other countries in Southeast Asia
 FBI jurisdiction in Indonesia is limited to joint
investigations with the INP targeting U.S. Citizens
traveling to Indonesia to engage in illicit sex acts
 FBI does not have jurisdiction to investigate U.S.
Expat Offenders residing in Indonesia
UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO
FBI Initiatives in Indonesia
CST Assessment Conducted in 2012
 Joint effort between INP, AFP and FBI over an 8
month period
 Established working relationships with NGOs in Bali
and other areas
 Objective was to assess the CST Problem in tourist
areas such as Bali, Batam and Lombok
 No US Citizens were identified as current Child Sex
Tourists during this assessment
 CST problem does exist in Bali and Batam and it is
likely that US Citizens are involved
UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO
FBI Initiatives in Indonesia
 Future Cyber Strategy:
 Utilize Experienced FBI Agents Posing Online as
Children to Identify Potential U.S. Citizen
Offenders in Indonesia – Successful in the U.S.
 Provide Training to INP Investigators to Conduct
Online Undercover Cyber Investigations
 Provide Software to INP to Assist in Online Cyber
Investigations
 Continue to rely on NGOs for reporting incidents
UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO
Public Awareness Mission
 Joint Effort by INP/ AFP/ FBI and NGOs
 Initial Media Campaign will Focus on Bali
Warn Child Sex Tourists that they will be
Investigated and Prosecuted
Indonesia is not a “Free Zone” for Child Sex Tourism
Educate Parents, Teachers and Community on
how to identify sexually victimized children
Encourage children to report sexual crimes
UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO
Questions?
Contact Information:
David Eaton
Assistant Legal Attaché
American Embassy Jakarta
David.Eaton@ic.fbi.gov
Mobile: 081-2104-7162
UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO

similar documents