Detective Barry Smith Oakdale Police Department An active shooter is an individual actively engaged in killing or attempting to kill people in a confined and populated area FBI.gov John Nicolette, PhD, conducted a study of 35 active shooter incidents during 2012 and discussed the results of his study during a lecture entitled “Detection and Disruption of Insider/Outsider Perpetrated Violence.” The average active shooter incident lasts 12 minutes, while 37 percent last less than five minutes. 49 percent of attackers committed suicide, 34 percent were arrested, and 17 percent were killed. 51 percent of the attacks studied occurred in the workplace, while 17 percent occurred in a school, 17 percent occurred in a public place, and six percent occurred in a religious establishment. Peter Blair, PhD, and Hunter Martindale, PhD, conducted a study of 84 active shooter incidents from 2001 to 2010. Here’s a summary of their findings: Two percent of the shooters bring improvised explosive devices (IEDs) as an additional weapon. In 10 percent of the cases, the shooter stops and walks away. In 20 percent of the cases, the shooter goes mobile, moving to another location. 43 percent of the time, the crime is over before police arrive. In 57 percent of the shootings, an officer arrives while shooting is still underway. The attacks ended before the police arrived 49 percent of the time. In 56 percent of the attacks ongoing when police arrived, officers had to use force to stop the killing. FBI.gov Single shooters conducted all attacks between 2000 to 2012. Shooters did not fit a specific profile. While most (94 percent) of the shooters were male, some were female. They also came from different racial and ethnic categories. The youngest shooter in the data set was 13, and the oldest was 88. Again, no clear profile based upon the demographics of the shooter was observed. FBI.gov Last year at least 27 shootings occurred on or near college campuses, according to a survey of news reports by The Huffington Post. Only two of the 27 incidents -- at New River Community College and Santa Monica College -- involved an "active shooter," in which a gunman fires in an indiscriminate manner attempting to kill people in a confined area. Huffington Post 54 + traditional campuses 37 State public colleges and universities (MnSCU) 17 Private colleges and universities (MN Private College Council) “For profit” colleges and universities Huffington Post Enter the building or shooting scene right away #1 priority during initial response is to neutralize the threat (usually 2-3 minutes) After the threat is neutralized, care for injured, continued search of building and anyone in the building (hours) 3 natural responses Fight Flight Freeze 3 ways to survive Run Hide Fight If something / someone is suspicious report it Client behavior Unusual pattern of activity Use campus / building security Escorts Safety recommendations Most important is to continue to do your job. Questions?