FEMA’s Risk MAP Coastal Updates – An Overview Jonathan E. Westcott, P.E. ASFPM 2012 National Conference San Antonio, TX Session D.8 Agenda Risk MAP Vision and Goals Justification and Funding Coastal Study Status and Projections Program Outputs 2 Risk MAP (Mapping, Assessment, and Planning) Vision Vision Statement With State, Local, Tribal, Non-Profit and Private-Sector collaboration, Risk MAP delivers quality data that increases public awareness and leads to action that reduces risk to life and property Goals 1. Address gaps in flood hazard data 2. Increase risk awareness to encourage risk reduction 3. Risk-based MT Planning resulting in risk reduction actions 4. Enhanced digital platform to improve communication and sharing of risk data 5. Align programs and develop synergies 3 Risk MAP Coastal Studies Goal Risk MAP Goals (from Risk MAP Multi-Year Plan (2010-2014) (FEMA, 2009)) Goal 1: Address gaps in flood hazard data to form a solid foundation for flood risk assessments, floodplain management, and actuarial soundness of the National Flood Insurance Program • Initiate Risk MAP flood map update projects to address gaps in required engineering and mapping for high flood risk areas impacted by coastal flooding, levees, and other flood hazards (e.g. lakes, rivers, ponds) FEMA and Congress have identified coastal flood hazard updates as a priority Provide updated or validated flood hazard data for 100 percent of the populated coastal areas in the Nation. Requires coastal funding through FY 2013 to initiate all updates Studies identified and prioritized by Regional Offices with knowledge of mapping needs, flood risk, cost-share, and other factors 4 Why Focus on Coastal Flood Risk? 120,475,000 people or 39% of the U.S. population live in counties subject to the 1% annual chance coastal flood, and/or border the ocean or Great Lakes coast. Coastal Population > 1% risk ~ 8,622,000 people (3% of the total U.S. population) live in coastal areas subject to the 1% annual chance flood • Includes only permanent residents. Additional seasonal residents add to the number of people at risk • Larger storms will affect more Atlantic Gr. Lakes people 5 Gulf Pacific Risk MAP Coastal Studies – Funding Map Modernization • Coastal Studies performed in a limited capacity without dedicated funding FY09 • $41.8M FY10 • $45.0M FY11 • $45.0M FY12 • $45.0M FY13 (Anticipated) • $45.0M 6 Coastal Map Updates Underway 7 Risk MAP Coastal Studies – Schedules and Costs Costs Schedule • Avg. cost per coastal mile are higher than avg. cost per riverine mile. • Avg. time to coastal prelim = 4 years • Avg. time to riverine prelim = 2 years Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 8 Year 4 Projected Preliminary Dates 9 Upcoming Preliminaries Projected for 2012 • Texas Coast • Eastern Panhandle of FL • Delaware • Massachusetts • A few counties here and there in LA, MD, WA, and RI Projected for 2013 • Large portions of the Mid-Atlantic • Some additional areas along the Gulf of Mexico and New England • Some Pacific Coast counties in CA, OR, and WA Notable out-year projections • Majority of FL: 2014 – 2017 • Great Lakes: 2014 – 2016 10 Coastal Products - Regulatory Main Coastal Components Transect VE Zones, AE Zones, AO / AH Zones Whole-Foot BFEs VE Zones Limit of Moderate Wave Action (LIMWA) / AE Zones Coastal A Zone Coastal Barrier Resource System (CBRA) / CBRS Otherwise Protected Area (OPA) – A FWS program data layer LIMWA Primary Frontal Dune (PFD) Floodplain Boundary Standards (FBS) Description of Analyses (FIS) Transect Location Map (FIS) Summary of Stillwater Elevations Table (FIS) Transect Data Table (FIS) 11 Risk MAP Coastal Studies – ProjectSpecific Info FEMA HQ Portal www.fema.gov/plan/prevent/fhm/coastal_main.shtm Regional, State, and Project Sites www.region2coastal.com www.r3coastal.com www.southeastcoastalmaps.com www.ncfloodmaps.com www.mscoastalmapping.com www.lamappingproject.com www.txchart.com www.greatlakescoast.org www.r9coastal.org 12 Risk MAP (Mapping, Assessment, and Planning) Vision Vision Statement With State, Local, Tribal, Non-Profit and Private-Sector collaboration, Risk MAP delivers quality data that increases public awareness and leads to action that reduces risk to life and property Goals 1. Address gaps in flood hazard data 2. Increase risk awareness to encourage risk reduction 3. Risk-based MT Planning resulting in risk reduction actions 4. Enhanced digital platform to improve communication and sharing of risk data 5. Align programs and develop synergies 13 Coastal Non-Regulatory Products When are non-reg products produced? • Operating Guidance for the Selection of Enhanced Datasets • Availability of coastal analysis modeling information • Will the information be beneficial to the communities? Increase risk awareness? Facilitate mitigation actions? Products may be produced for the entire coastline or focused areas determined to be the most valuable • Discovery process should facilitate these selections Additions to Flood Risk Map, Flood Risk Database, & Flood Risk Report Datasets will not be recreated from existing data available outside of FEMA. Direction to such information will be provided in the Flood Risk Report 14 Coastal Non-Regulatory Products Flood Risk Database Changes Since Last FIRM Data Areas of Mitigation Interest Flood Risk Assessment Data Flood Depth & Analysis Grids Flood Risk Map Flood Risk Report Ad-Hoc Flood Risk Analyses 15 Coastal Non-Regulatory Products Concept: Better leverage FIS data to convey information about coastal hazards to enhance risk awareness and encourage action at the community-level to reduce those risks Standard products: • Changes Since Last FIRM • 1% Annual Chance Flood Depth Grid • Risk / Loss Assessments • Areas of Mitigation Interest Coastal-Specific Products: • Inundation • Waves • Erosion 16 Questions???