Quantification of Renewable Raw Materials Use in the EU

Report
Quantification of renewable raw materials use
in the EU chemical industry
Tilman Benzing
RRM Meeting
02 April 2014
Motivation for raw materials
quantification
• Know the status of bio-based chemical production
- as baseline information
- to monitor future developments
• Aggregate chemical production is difficult to quantify
- Value: possible
- Volume: impossible!
• Scope and methodology
- Raw materials entering the chemical industry
- Limitation to organic materials and material use
2
Scope and methodology
= not taken
into account
Chem. industry
Energy use
Customer industries
(e.g. Packaging, Construction, Automotive, Cleaning,
Pharmaceutical)
Chemical industry (NACE 20)
Plastics, Fine and specialty chemicals
Raw Materials Base
Organic base
chemicals
Inorganic base
chemicals
Coal
tar
Chemical Value Chain
Simplified; proportions
not to scale!
Bioethanol
= internal
energy use
in crackers
Naphtha,
condensates,
LPG, gasoil
Coal
Mining
Natural gas
production
Refineries
Vegetable oils,
Animal fats,
Cellulose,
Sugar, Starch,
Bioethanol,
Natural Rubber,
Glycerol,
and others
Bio-based
raw materials
Salt, phosphate,
flurospar, lithium,
potassium, preciuos metals,
and many others
Inorganics
mining
Raw materials use: Draft
results and data sources
Volume
in 1,000 tonnes
Mineral Oil derivatives
(refinery products)
Natural Gas
EU 28
"gross"
84,380
19,200
EU 28
"net"
Data sources
61,210 APPE (Association of Petrochemicals Producers in
Europe)
19,200 Eurostat
Coal
Renewables total
1,340
8,560
1,340 Eurostat
8,560 -
Vegetable Oils
1,570
1,570 FEDIOL (European Vegetable Oil and Proteinmeal
Industry Federation)
500 APAG (European Oleochemicals and Allied Products
Group)
890 FAOSTAT, CIRFS (European man-made fiber industry
organization)
1,560 Ecosys/FNR (German renewable raw materials agency)
and estimates
590 European Commission
Animal Fats
500
Chemical Pulp
890
Starch and Sugar
Bioethanol (industr. use)
1,560
590
Bioethanol (ETBE)
1,000
1,000 EFOA (European Fuel Oxygenates Association)
Natural Rubber
1,240
1,240 IRSG (International Rubber Study Group)
Glycerol
Others
Total organic
470
740
113,480
470 Eurostat and estimates
740 Eurostat and estimates
90,310 -
Organic raw material use
Draft results volume
Volume in 1.000 t – material (feedstock) use only,
EU chemical industry, 2011
61,210
19,200
8,500
1,340
Mineral Oil
derivatives
Natural Gas
Coal
Renewables
5
Organic raw material use
Draft results shares
Shares in total organic raw materials – material (feedstock) use only,
EU chemical industry, 2011
9%
1%
Mineral Oil
derivatives
Natural Gas
21%
Coal
68%
Renewables
6
Renewables volume:
Detailed breakdown (draft)
Renewables volume in 1.000 tonnes, EU chemical industry, 2011
1,560
890
1,000
ETBE
1,570
1,240
740
500
590
470
7
Renewables shares:
Detailed breakdown (draft)
Renewables shares in total renewables, EU chemical industry, 2011
Vegetable Oil
9%
18%
5%
Animal Fat
Chemical Pulp
6%
14%
Bioethanol
total: 8.5 mill. tonnes/a
10%
(for ETBE)
Starch and Sugar
Bioethanol for ETBE
Natural Rubber
12%
Glycerol
7%
18%
Others
Vegetable waxes, natural resins, tanning
agents, proteins, medicinal plants
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Limitations
• Methodology: Definition of scope influences the results
• Varying data quality: Different sources, estimates
• The results are an important step towards a baseline for
monitoring the future development of bio-based chemical
production, but should not be seen as complete and as a
definitive baseline.
• Changes in scope and methodology as well as changes in data
sources and estimates could lead to structural changes in the
data, limiting the validity of future monitoring.
These uncertainties require careful interpretation of
the resulting data, especially when analyzing future
developments.
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Way forward
• Regular updates, beginning with 2012 data
• Regular screening of data sources to improve data quality:
- substitution of sources with better ones
- replacement of estimates by systematic and regular
surveys, where possible
• Possible adaptation of methodology in light of new information
• Possible application as template for member states to be
discussed with national federations, taking into account
existing approaches and methodologies.
Thank you for your attention!
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