The Colonial Period in Georgia: Main Ideas/Questions

Report
Warm Up: 9/15/11
• Copy the following on a new notes page:
• Standard: SSH2a&b
• Essential Question: How did Georgia’s
colonial period impact other colonies and
life in Georgia today?
• Enduring Understanding: By studying
power, authority and governance during
Georgia’s colonial period we can better
understand Georgia’s Government and
distribution of power today.
The Colonial Period in
Georgia
SS8H2a & SS8H2b
The Colonial Period in
Georgia:
Main Ideas/Questions:
The City of Savannah
Notes:
While Oglethorpe had no real
title and very little power, he
was still accepted as the leader
of the colony and its first city of
Savannah. During the first
few months, he made treaties
and got grants of land from the
Yamacraw Natives.
He built a fort on the bank of
the Savannah River and
trained a militia (citizen
soldiers) to defend the
settlement.
The Colonial Period in
Georgia:
Main Ideas/Questions:
The City of Savannah
Notes:
Oglethorpe also worked with
Colonel William Bull and
surveyor Noble Jones to design
the city that would become
Savannah.
The basic pattern for this first
planned city in all the colonies
was based on a design by
Robert Castell. The design
included blocks tythings and
wards.
The Colonial Period in
Georgia:
Main Ideas/Questions:
The City of Savannah
Notes:
Settlers were expected to take
care of their home in the city of
Savannah, their 5 acre garden
at the edge of the city, and their
45 acre plot outside the city.
Work was done spite of growing
medical problems which were
caused by lack of fresh
vegetables, changes in climate,
and poor sanitation. 40 settlers
died the first year they were
there.
The Colonial Period in
Georgia:
Main Ideas/Questions:
The Salzburgers
Notes:
In March 1734, Oglethorpe was
planning a trip back to England when
a group of new settlers arrived from
Germany. They were German
Protestants who had been forced to
leave Salzburg which was controlled
by Catholics. They were led by John
Martin Bolzius and asked to live in
GA.
Oglethorpe took them to a place 25
miles from Savannah, and they
started a town called Ebenezer,
which means “the Rock of Help. This
land was basically marsh, so they
asked for a different place to settle.
Oglethorpe gave them a site on Red
Bluff on the Savannah River. They
called this place New Ebenezer.
The Colonial Period in
Georgia:
Main Ideas/Questions:
The Salzburgers
Notes:
When Oglethorpe returned
from his trip to Great Britain,
he brought 300 new colonists
with him. In this group were
more Salzburgers, as well as
Moravians and two religious
leaders from England, John
and Charles Wesley.
Once he got back Oglethorpe
helped the Salzburgers set up a
permanent settlement on St.
Simons and Frederica Islands.
The Colonial Period in
Georgia:
Main Ideas/Questions:
The Highland Scots
Notes:
To help protect GA from attacks from
the Spanish in Florida, Oglethorpe
recruited a group of 175 good fighters
from Scotland, the Highland Scots.
They settled south of Savannah in an
area that eventually became known as
Darien.
The Scots kept many of their cultural
traditions and were hard workers.
They found that the soil was bad in
Darien and switched to raising cattle
and harvesting timber. It was the
Highland Scots that first sent petition
to England requesting slavery NOT be
allowed in the new colony.
The Colonial Period in
Georgia:
Main Ideas/Questions:
The Malcontents
Notes:
When Oglethorpe got back from his
trip from England, he passed several
new regulations with the help of the
Trustees. 1) Buying rum was illegal
2) Alcohol could not be used in trade
with Native Americans.
3) Slavery was outlawed.
Many were not happy with these new
regulations. On top of this they were
suffering because the mulberry trees
were not growing well, they could not
successfully produce cotton dyes or
grapes for wine. To make things worse
their neighbors in South Carolina
could own slaves, and rum and were
successful in growing rice , cotton and
tobacco.
The Colonial Period in
Georgia:
Main Ideas/Questions:
The Malcontents
The Spanish Threat
From Florida
Notes:
This angry group were referred to
the malcontents and ended up
moving to other places where they
could live without being bothered
by the Trustees.
In the fall of 1739, a war broke out
between Great Britain and Spain
called the “War of Jenkins
Ear”. It was called this because
years earlier, Spanish sailors were
said to have cut of the ear of
Robert Jenkins a British sailor
who was smuggling goods off the
coast off Florida.
The Colonial Period in
Georgia:
Main Ideas/Questions:
The Spanish Threat
From Florida
Notes:
Oglethorpe wanted the war, because it gave an
excuse to invade Florida. A group of 2,000
Native Americans, Georgia and South
Carolina settlers organized and tried to take
over Spanish forts in FLA, especially St.
Augustine. The Spanish surprised
Oglethorpe, however and drove them back to
Georgia’s St. Simon’s Island.
During the next 2 yrs. there were several
attacks between the Spanish and English
settlers in GA. In the summer of 1742,
Oglethorpe led a surprise attack on the
Spanish with the help of the Highland Scots.
They attacked in the land between St. Simon’s
and Frederica and forced the Spanish back
across the FLA boarder.
This was called the Battle of Bloody Marsh

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